Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - In an amazing display of bravery, an unnamed Tunisian street hawker set himself ablaze (some say it was out of frustration) in a sunny afternoon in 2011. This singular heroic act was soon led to series of riots which ultimately brought down the Ahmed Ben Alli’s regime and things will never be the same again. As the world watched the “Arab Spring” extends to Yemen, Egypt, Syria, Libya and many other Arabian territories arms freely flew into the hands of “freedom fighters” and pro-US regimes’ foot soldiers which will later become deciding issues in world peace and security. Ever since the world left us to find solutions to our problems they left us alone and went silent!
Keen observers of international affairs will probably know that not much has changed in the United States’ foreign policy thinking since the end of the Cold War era in 1991. The role of Washington in the so called Arab Spring shows that the White House still views international relations strictly from Cold War lenses. The role of the “World Powers” in Syria specifically calls to question the supposed end of the Cold War. Ever since “Communist” China and former “Soviet” Russia supported the Bashar al-Assad’s Government in Damascus, Washington found a way to oppose the same regime hence supporting the “freedom fighters”. Not minding the fact that US supported the Hosni Mubarrack’s over three decades old regime, US-led North Atlantic Treaty Organisation(NATO) forces brought down the seeming popular anti-Western 42 year old dictatorial Libyan regime led by Muammar Gaddafi. Suffice to say, both countries have known no peace ever since!
There is a school of thought that Washington’s reluctance to intervene in the Syrian crises because the country has no Crude Oil (an important geo-political resource) unlike its colleagues in the Middle East. There is still another school that says had the Obama administration intervene at the early stages of the Syrian crises, it might not have exploded or in the worst case human casualties would have been very minimal. The two views cannot be wrong, if Washington has dropped its Cold War toga and viewed the issues from more realistic standpoints.
The decision of the US and its allies of initial “non-interference” have proven costly. The new dimension of global terrorism and insecurity accounts for this rather unfortunate decision. The disturbing nature that international terrorists now take which has now led to the agitation for Islamic States of Iraq and Syria(ISIS), the Islamic States of Iran and the Levant(ISIL) and other Islamic States(for short) affiliates and their nefarious activities in the region explains the conspiracy of world leaders as these groups rein terror on us all.
The Washington government supplies arms to its “Freedom Fighters” in Syria, Libya, and in other places to fight governments they do not support as part of their foreign policy objectives, forgetting that the so-called “freedom fighters” soon turn “terrorists” soon after they are left alone. This was exactly the case with Western-trained Osama bin Laden and the likes. The same “Freedom Fighters” they armed are now the new Islamic State (IS) fighters that have been killing our people with impunity and the world is silent!
Even if we concede that the US is protecting its economic and political interests in the Middle East (Oil and Israel), doing it at the expense of monumental loss of human lives is uncharitable, considering the fact that the US was a major causative factor in the imbroglio. The fact that Washington singularly account for more than any other for the escalation of the ISIS crises, US it is that must take the lead in bringing an end into all these needless killings. The world cannot continue to remain silent as innocent lives are being lost.
As a matter of recommendation, State Department’s strategists must get of this Cold War mentality. The world is in the 21st century and the Great Wars went with the 20th century. The fact that either Russia or China supports or oppose an issue does not automatically mean the US must take an opposite action on the same issue. This will only make international relations filled with tensions suspicions, distrusts, and hatred. Human lives are at stake here for God’s sake!
This is why the whole world, not only the United States, must stand firm against the ugly trend of ISIS. This is not the time to remain silent. Our people are dying on daily basis for daring to profess their faith. Ancient artifacts and Temples dating back over 2000 years are being destroyed by ISIS in Iraq and Syria. This is not the time to be passive neither is it time to be silent. If you are silent now while these atrocities go on then you are part of the world that was silent while we died. We died for what we know nothing about. We died because of the profession of our religious beliefs. And as ISIS operated; burning and killing children, murdering “infidels” and maiming innocent and harmless citizens and the world went silent. Do we need to say that all started in Tunisia?
Olalekan Waheed Adigun ( Email: ), writer, philosopher, academician, political risk analyst, researcher, independent political strategist and brand consultant for individuals, political organisations and campaigns reports from Lagos, Nigeria.
*Photo Caption – Map of the world

[ Masterweb Reports: Odimegwu Onwumere reports ] - The expedition by General Muhammadu Buhari to give Nigerians good governance is giving a deep cut in the head from the way he is going about his government. His mind’s debate figuratively centres on which aspects of governance he should give the constituents. 

His debate can be seen: He categorically believes that fighting corruption is the best part of governance that he has to promote. Buhari’s sojourn to the Europe and USA to assist him fight the monster called corruption may be seen as a miscalculated efforts. 

This is said because these foreign continents or countries will not help in that aspect neutrally. They must seek for what their countries must take home as remuneration to their efforts. This is where Buhari has started showing administrative crisis.

It is palpable that Buhari has been expressing grievances against the government that he succeeded, without any advancement in harnessing sustainable human development over two months he took over the helm-of-affairs.

While he is bent on holding the other government to account, he is invariably losing better policies, by not empowering his government with cabinet members since May 29, he took over. One is not sure whether Buhari thinks that Nigerians should not demand for equitable and sustainable policies; that it is his sole right to do whatever he likes with Nigerians, at his own pace. 

This is neglecting justice of abuse! It is essential to pinpoint that Buhari has abused and distorted governance to advance his government interest, which have not allowed Nigeria to flourish since two months now. This is neoliberal agenda that Buhari is showcasing to Nigerians, just the same way foreign investors and governments are mounting pressures on him to pursue policies that are in tandem with their rapaciousness.

Buhari is unaware that good governance is not mouthing and clattering about fighting corruption, but about its capability to deliver people-oriented government that is based on achieving the people's fundamental Human Rights. Good governance is not about making reforms for foreign countries to hold Nigeria accountable than Nigerians.

Buhari has succeeded in making sure that an aura surrounds him, since he was declared the winner of this year’s presidential election. That aura is that many people think that he is still the military Head of State and not, a democratically elected president, due to his carriage and utterances. 

One is poised to ask where transparency, accountability, participation and responsiveness exist in this government except the marginalisation of the people not to be represented in the cabinet. What Nigerians are seeing is a government that is nationally and internationally creating dimensions for itself, whereas the affairs of the communities are gasping for breath.

General Buhari, without doubt, is dwelling his energy at-a-large on what went wrong with Nigeria and not, what to do next. He is fighting and struggling between two things, which are how to give the people good governance and how to fight the so-called corruption that has bedeviled the country. 

It is not expected that Buhari will be a successful leader, because his training as a military personnel, makes him focus on the country with bigoted mindset, which is hinged on his past failures and not actually on what he had achieved. (If there was any achievement as a military Head of State).

Obviously, Buhari has centered his energy on how to fight corruption, as if that is the height of giving the people good governance, without actually harnessing the root cause of corruption.  Sadly, Buhari is focusing on the destination and not, the journey.

It is not about individuals being hounded and quizzed by the Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) on daily basis since Buhari assumed power, but about putting every necessary measure in place to checkmate further practice of dishonesty in the country. It is sad that Buhari is depending on his eyes, when his imagination is out of focus. His presence rather makes democracy complex than it was assumed to be simple.

Nigerians can see that much blame on the woes that have befallen Nigeria, have gone to former President Goodluck Jonathan from Buhari, than to the shabbily Constitution which the military created, of which Buhari was once a Military Head of State. 

It would be better put that the fear of failing in governance has made Buhari to fail already, because there is the decline of civility: He has no trust for the public and corporations. He believes that everybody is corrupt and he is the only incorruptible person in Nigeria. He has made his government to assume a harsh dimension inlure of tranquility, which is an exceeding mode of state. 

Let Buhari know that Nigerians need the right kind of governance and not actually the Buhari's effective governance. Buhari should eschew seeing governance to represent politics and public administration alone. He should see governance to represent economy, state and society.

He has to stop creating complexities in the economic, cultural and political interactions for the exaltation of his government. It is pointless for Buhari to expect a general answer to 'good governance' when political scientists are having a problem to define an 'ideal form of governance'. 

The "Good Governance: A New Public Managerialism" by Coskun Can Aktan and Hayrettin Ozler on February 6, 2009, states: Since Socrates and his student Plato, philosophers and practitioners have been searching for the best way of governance, a morally mature community and the best form of state. 
The story goes further that Platon in his works, “the State”, “Politics” and “the Law”, contemplated on the ideal state and ideal political governance. He also couldn’t help to pose the question: “who guards the guardians?” Indeed, the states and governments in history usually based their power on coercion rather than persuasion in order to derive the consent of their subjects. Even policy sciences as a scientific branch of politics search for policies to have people conform to rather than searching for ways to increase public control over policies.

Odimegwu Onwumere ( Tel: +2348057778358; Email: ),  Poet/Writer reports from Rivers State, Nigeria.
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari


[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - Since the inauguration of the 8th Nation Assembly on 9 June, 2015 many, including me, have offered several views on the causes and possible solutions to the crisis. Like most Nigerians, I want this to come to an end; the only difference is the “how?”
I have made it clear in my previous articles on this matter that I am not, and will never be, in support of hooliganism, thuggery or corrupting, that appears to characterise that inauguration which produced Senators Bukola Saraki and Ike Ekweremadu. Though my views appeared to “support” the duo or the process that produced them, it is not the case that I have interest(s) any of the principal actors as some people might think.
The latest twists to the crisis, is the recent police report, alleging that the Senate Standing Orders (2015) on which the 9 June inauguration was based is forged. If this is proven, then all the actors or accomplices in the forgery must be brought to book. I made this same point in my last article, JITI OGUNYE ON THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY CRISES, when I noted: “Should anyone, including Senator Saraki, be found culpable, I submit not only should they lose their positions, they should also be made to lose their seats in the House, in addition to their being banned from holding political offices for an upward 20 years!” I still maintain that stand at such a time like this!
So, at a time like this, what should Saraki and Ekweremadu do? For me, at a time like this, I owe, my senior comrade Jiti Ogunye for my reply to his article, SENATORS SARAKI AND EKWEREMADU’S ELECTIONS ARE A NULLITY. There is nothing wrong in accepting one’s wrongs. Though, I hold those thoughts, expressed in that article, strongly; I regretted, in the same article, ever writing that piece which some easily interpreted as a defence for the former Kwara State Governor. That article still looked to me like William Butler Yeats’ lines in “An Irish Airman Forsees His Death”
I knowthat I shall meet my fate 
Somewhere among the clouds above; 
Those that I fight I do not hate 
Those that I guard I do not love;
It was just so unfortunate that I “guard” those “I do not love” I the article, while “fighting” those I do not hate. To apologise at a time like this to my progressive comrades, who felt disappointed with my earlier positions on the crisis, is not too bad an idea!
Still on the said police report, I still largely consider it an allegation. Not until it’s proven by a competent Court, it remains so- an allegation. But, if there is anything I know, this allegation is too grave to be made first by the Nigerian Police Force (NPF), and second, on the persons of the Senate President and his Deputy.
If I were any of them, Senator Saraki in particular, at a time like this, I will just resign honourably without been told. I am aware this appears to be a strange advice to typical Nigerian politicians. I say this against the backdrop of the fact that, it will just be alright if they both throw in the towel now, before it the situation gets further complicated. Unlike Comrade Jiti, who noted that they need not resign, because their elections are what he called “a nullity”, I take the position that once they’ve occupied the positions, they can choose the honourable path of throwing in the towel-and now!
Both men may have history in their favour. The National Assembly has never been in wants of forgery/corruption scandals. The likes of Salisu Buharis, Evan(s) Enwerems, Patricia Ettehs, and the likes were all removed from office for one notorious reason or the other. One thing all of them have in common is that they were removed from office, never to be heard off again. The likes of Saraki just need to resign in the face of these allegations; there are not “mere allegations”.
I understand the fact that, as black men, we have not learnt how to call it quit in the face of overwhelming evidence. I am aware that Sandro Russell, the immediate past president of FC Barcelona had to resign in the face of allegations of fraud in the transfer of a Brazillian player, Neymar Jr in 2014, just to save the reputation of the Club. This is the white man’s way of honour. When the kitchen gets too hot, you need to step out at a time like this!
If I were to give a “brotherly” advice to Senator Saraki, I will simply tell him to quietly resign. If he does, maybe he won’t even be probed for his previous wrong-doings, just like Patricia Etteh. He will also spare us another embarrassment of having to forcefully remove a sitting Senate President for a monumental crime like forgery. You need to be smart at a time like this!
That equally reminds me, if these men can forge a document like the Senate Standing Order, do we have a guarantee they have not been forging all their lives? What guarantee do we have that their election results and “certificate of return” were not gross forgeries? Can we still guarantee these men will not wake up one day to “amend” the 1999 Constitution just to accommodate their inordinate political ambitions? Please, these are on lighter notes, but they can be so serious. You need a relief at a time like this!
As I was preparing to write this piece, I came across the beautiful lines from Judy Bailey’s song, At a Time Like This
Sometimes the living ain’t easy
You know there is trouble
You know it gets rough
Sometimes there’s only just one thing
To stop me from drowning…
I am aware some people have described Senators Saraki and Ekweremadu as “dogged fighters” who will not give up just like that on the basis of a “mere allegation”. As Bailey wrote in the song, “…there’s only one thing/To stop me from drowning…” is for both men to resign if they still have any honour in them!
Olalekan Waheed Adigun ( Email: ), writer, philosopher, academician, political risk analyst, researcher, independent political strategist and brand consultant for individuals, political organisations and campaigns reports from Lagos, Nigeria.
*Photo Caption - Olalekan Waheed Adigun, Author of Article

[ Masterweb Reports: Lawrence Chinedu Nwobu reports ] - It was the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo who in 1947 famously declared that “Nigeria is not a nation but a mere geographical expression.” Likewise Yakubu Gowon, the then head of state had also in August 1966 declared that “there was no basis for Nigerian unity.” Of particular note is the attitude of the independence leaders; the duo of Ahmadu Bello and Tafawa Balewa who took over the reins of power at independence both of whom in words and deeds never failed to demonstrate their disbelief in Nigeria. While Ahmadu Bello in his book and autobiography “My Life” published in 1961; famously derided the amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria as “the mistake of 1914,” Tafawa Balewa who became the prime minister at independence was no different. In 1948 while addressing the legislative council, he declared that “Since 1914 the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign or willingness to unite. Nigerian unity is only a British intention for the country.”

Fast forward to 2005 and the Central intelligence agency (CIA) in the same vein broadly concluded that “while currently Nigeria's leaders are locked in a bad marriage that all dislike but dare not leave, there are possibilities that could disrupt the precarious equilibrium in Abuja and lead to outright collapse.” The conveners of PRONACO, notably the late Beko Ransome Kuti, and Chief Anthony Enahoro amongst others had similarly premised their campaign for a Sovereign National Conference (SNC) on preventing the inevitable scenarios of eventual violent collapse. As is evident, the expressions of even those who have been opportuned to steer the ship of state demonstrates the extent to which Nigeria was and remains the mere geographical expression Chief Obafemi Awolowo once called it. It is thus no accident that every profile or introduction of Nigeria from the CIA World Factbook, the Tony Blair Foundation, Encyclopaedia, BBC country profile, the International Crisis Group (ICG), books, journals and government publications all begin their introductory profile or description of Nigeria with a labelling that aptly depicts Nigeria as a nation with deep ethnic and religious divisions.

In reality, Nigeria has historically been so divided that not even the independence struggle could unite them as was the case in other countries. Many do not realise that much of the casualties of the independence struggle was suffered not at the hands of the British colonialists as would be expected but at the hands of Northern leaders who in expression of their opposition to the call for independence by Anthony Enahoro in the federal parliament unleashed the infamous 1953 Kano riots that killed hundreds of people. These deep ethnic divisions also explains why Nigeria is the only country where nationalist pro-independence leaders could not win an outright victory in the post independence elections thereby making it possible for the Northern people’s congress that had opposed independence and severally expressed their disbelief in the idea of Nigeria to ironically form the first post-independence government. Subsequently every Nigerian leader has operated within a tribal prism without paying any attention to nation building. This crude resort to tribal alliances and the attendant domination, marginalisation and exclusion of other ethnic groups alongside other injustices is at the heart of Nigeria’s fault lines and existential crisis.

One Nigeria for all intents and purposes has been a scam. Neither the leaders nor the people believe in it beyond the lazy desire to share oil money. While a civil war was fought on the fraudulent premise of keeping Nigeria united, the war has been futile as the real reason behind the war was a desire to control the crude oil resources and not because there was any genuine desire to keep Nigeria united. This informs the sustained oppression and exclusion that trailed the aftermath of the so called war of unity in place of nation building which should have been the case had there been a genuine intention to keep Nigeria united without any ulterior motives. From a beginning that was marked by ethnic divisions Nigeria has continued on the trajectory of dangerous and increasingly violent divisions. In the absence of true federalism, justice/equality and abundance of leaders who abhor the necessity of nation building, Nigeria’s growing contradictions has birthed reactionary forces amongst which are MASSOB, MEND, OPC, Boko Haram and now Radio Biafra. These are all legitimate responses to a state that has failed to respond to its contradictions through nation building and other progressive policies of national integration. The vacuum created by the absence of nation building has naturally been filled by reactionary forces; some violent that has taken centre stage tearing at the fragile fabric of the nation.

A recent reminder of Nigeria’s deepening cleavages came from no other than the Oba of Lagos who threatened a section of the country with drowning in the sea if they didn’t vote for his preferred candidate, while Muhammadu Buhari as President has started off with appointments that clearly demonstrate sectionalism. Buhari himself later alluded to giving preferential treatment to those who voted for him during a question and answer session in the course of his visit to the United States. Not minding that we are in a democracy, this is a president who campaigned on the idea of changing Nigeria for the better yet has retreated to undemocratic practices and blatant sectionalism. It is no surprise then, that Radio Biafra has gained more popularity riding as it is on Buhari’s divisive policies that is further weakening the already fragile state. Radio Biafra is therefore a creation of Nigeria’s contradictions, exclusion, oppression, tribalism, born to rule system, injustice, inequality, apartheid and internal colonialism. In that regards, Radio Biafra is a legitimate reaction to Nigeria’s falsehood as a nation and successive bad leaders that has only made things worse.

Unlike some others, I don’t subscribe to the idea that Radio Biafra and its adherents are incapable of violence or war. History does not support such assumptions. Nothing in life has ever been written in stone and the lesson from Boko Haram and the near daily suicide bombings it now undertakes in a country where we once assumed that fearful Nigerians would never want to die for anything is a reminder that the truism ‘never say never’ is very true. Just like Boko Haram, Radio Biafra and its adherents could become radicalised enough to wage war and be successful at it. All through human history, the fear of death has never prevented or stopped warfare. Neither has it even stopped armed robbery here in Nigeria. War is a spirit and those who are sufficiently inspired or motivated would be willing to give their life for what they believe in. Millions across the world fought against colonial masters with vastly superior weaponry in the struggle for independence. Hundreds of people die daily in the Mediterranean crossing from Libya to Europe but that has not deterred those desperate enough to seek a better life from embarking on the perilous journey.

At independence, no one could have imagined that Nigerian would descend into tribal war in a few years, but when the conditions made war necessary, the war was fought with an unbelievable tenacity of purpose and resilience by the Biafrans who resisted Nigeria’s onslaught for almost three years with practically bare hands. Lesson is; no group should be pushed to the wall on assumption that they will not or cannot wage war. It would be a costly mistake as there is no precedent of any nation that survived a second civil war and Nigeria will not be an exception. Besides self determination from colonialism of all forms is a fundamental right enshrined in the United Nations charter. In this day and age the world is trending towards the use of democratic referendums to decide the quest for self determination and not war as the Scottish referendum recently demonstrated. In that regards it is entirely lawful to allow any region or regions that seek self determination to have a United Nations supervised referendum. In other words, if Radio Biafra succeeds in mobilising a critical mass of its target audience for self determination through for example a signed petition of up to half a million people, the Nigerian government would be bound by international law to let them have a referendum and in case of refusal, Radio Biafra would be within its right to wage war having exhausted all peaceful and legal means.

Truth is; Radio Biafra will not go away as far as the many injustices that birthed it remains. It will continue to grow and haunt Nigeria up to the possibility of open warfare except and until there is extensive dialogue between all Nigerian nationalities and an inclusive nation building constitution and leadership is constituted to aggressively initiative an all encompassing project of nation building. That is in the least, the only chance of permanently burying Radio Biafra and others like it. The alternative will be Nigeria’s inevitable disintegration sooner or later as even the Bible and the Koran in their divine wisdom did declare that a house divided against itself cannot stand. Those who have ears let them hear!

Lawrence Chinedu Nwobu ( Email: ) reports.

*Photo Caption – Mr. Nnamdi Kanu, Director, Radio Biafra

 [ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Onitsha Nigeria, 21st July 2015)-Earlier today, our leadership issued a statement, titled: “Purported News of Former CSO’s Death in DSS Custody”. We had in the statement demanded, among other things, the public and physical production of Senior Agent Gordon Obua by the Service Management of the Department of the State Security Service as the only way Nigerians would believe he is still alive. Though the Service complied with the said demand of ours by featuring him in a “protective news briefing” with a seemingly skewed statement; but other demands were left totally unaddressed by the Service at the news briefing in which only the detained former CSO spoke.
The unanswered questions left by the Service are: what crime(s) or offense(s) known to Nigeria’s written criminal law did Senior Agent Gordon Obua commit or alleged to have committed warranting his arrest and detention since Thursday, 16th July 2015 without trial? Under the present democratic dispensation, which law under the 1999 Constitution empowers the SSS to arrest and detain any citizen without trial? Which law under democratic dispensation empowers the Service to arrest and detain any citizen including Citizen Gordon Obua without disclosure of reasons and offenses upon which he was arrested and detained for over six days? Where are the principles of Nemo Judex In Causa Sua( one should not be a judge in his own case) and Audi Alteram Partem (hear the other side or hear both sides) in the instant case? Why did the Service keep silence on the denial of the former CSO access to his family, lawyers and physicians? As a confirmed hypertensive and diabetic patient, why did the Service deny him access to his drugs? Assuming Senior Agent Gordon Obua is charged to court tomorrow, how will he prepare his for defense and defend himself? Are the SSS operational procedures and its establishment Act superior to the 1999 Constitution? Is the Service hiding under the moribund Decree No.2 of 1984 to unleash its renewed terror on Nigerians?
The Service Management of the SSS is called upon to provide concrete answers to the questions above. We thank Nigerians for their concerns and outcries over the solitary confinement of Senior Agent Gordon Obua, leading to fears in some quarters to the effect that he might have died in custody. It is very important to restate here that due process must be followed at all times in conducting governmental activities including visiting criminal arm of the law against citizens accused of being in conflict with the criminal law. No citizen must be arrested and detained without being informed of his or her offense, which must be written and defined by law. It is also a fundamental breach of the Constitution to arrest and detain any citizen without trial and express access to his or her family, doctor and lawyer. The SSS must respect the rule of law and principles of fair hearing at all times, otherwise its good intentions (if any) will crash. It should also revert to its core statutory functions and avoid over-stepping its bounds.
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
*Photo Caption - As seen


[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - We are indeed at a point of re-birth. Nigeria strayed for most of its past years since inception and was known for most things not too good. We had very little to be proud of and our national pledges and anthems were jokes to us. Bearing a corruption brand, we were ashamed to say we were from Nigeria and reluctantly pulled out our green passports when we traveled.
We achieved firsts in the worst scourges: world kidnapping capital, most corrupt nation, worst level of accountability, most oil-spill polluted shore, 419 capital, worst governments in the world, most poor per population, most looted nation, highest high sea piracy, most deadly terror group, worst country to be born… you name it.
What’s in a name? Everything. The Bible says, “1 A good name is more desirable than great riches; to be esteemed is better than silver or gold. 2 Rich and poor have this in common: The LORD is the Maker of them all.” Proverbs 22:1-2.
In Islam they say, choose a name that bestows virtue, do not name your child something meaningless like Bumblebee, then your child will end up so. The Prophet of Islam (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “You will be called on the Day of Resurrection by your names and the names of your fathers, so have good names.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)
In fact, interestingly the (potential) child in Islam has fundamental rights over the father, three of them are; 1. A right to a good mother, i.e. a man violates his unborn child’s right when he selects a worthless woman as his wife. 2. A right to a good name. And 3. A right to good education.
Culturally our names all had meanings. They praised where we were coming from, they recalled our past heroes, they characterized virtues and predicted character for us. They also revered our creator. A son of a Kenyan man, Obama was christened, “Barack,” meaning blessing. It was no accident he got blessed to become the president of the United States.
Likewise it is by no accident that a man they chose to name “Goodluck,” had the luck of his master-governor being arrested and the luck of his master-president dying, to ascend both steps to the number one position in Nigeria. Had he been named Clueliow, Lord knows, he may have remained the lecturer at college of education and the best he would have achieved would have been completing that his suspended PhD. Well let’s not deviate.
It is not in our culture to adopt meaningless or perhaps even evil names.
Nigeria: A Name That Promotes A Lie, A Theft Of Heritage
Again, looking at the foundation of our name, the same name neighbor “Niger” was christened but the English version; Nigeria I believe connotes River Niger, the river that the colonialist falsely claimed to have discovered. Hence our name continues to propagate the lie. In a past 2013 article, “Mungo Park Did Not Discover River Niger...But Mansa Abubakari II Discovered America,” I described the many other names and symbolisms we attributed to river Egerew Nigerewen, or Isa Ber, or Orimili, or Kwara and Oya as were the many beautiful names by which we knew it. Perhaps promoting this lie as our name is part of our crippling burden.
Our fortune has perhaps been tied to us having a bad name and/or/in any case has become tied to it. Either way, at this point in our history; as change has at last come and we as a people have grown together, suffered together and decided together to here-on-out, ensure our revolution and quest for excellence is never waylaid; I believe it is time we shed our perhaps bad name.
Reading Buhari’s opinion editorial on WashingtonPost today, it is clear our President embarked on a full system overhaul. He delayed appointment of Ministers to first create what a real Ministry should be, an integrity-based template, then employ true civil servants to fulfill the established obligations due. He is decided on restarting Nigeria from the scratch.
Let’s really rebrand Nigeria. Let this change be complete. All that’s left that is a drag to this country is that shameless N150 billion guzzling legislative covetous NASS sect, the 469 of them and the country’s name.
I suggest we all pick names…perhaps we can use a hashtag, #NigeriaNameChange and tweet our suggestions. The ones that are retweeted most would make the cut?
Lord knows what the wicked colonialist was thinking when he chose Nigeria. Probably something sinister. Probably some evil colonialists were making jest of us in a room, sitting on the backs of our ancestors on their fours (being used as stools) and pulled out the name, “Nigeria” from their back parts. Do you trust them? I don’t. So let’s do away with that and usher in a new future on a clean slate.
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: ), reports. 
*Photo Caption - Map of Nigeria

[ Masterweb Reports: Comrade Ahmed Omeiza Lukman reports ] - "Corruption is Social Evil" "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely."
In its simplest sense, corruption may be defined as an act of bribery or misuse of public position or power for the fulfillment of selfish motives or to gain personal gratifications. It has also been defined as "Misuse of authority as a result of consideration of personal gain which need not be monetary".
In recent Centuries Nigeria has earned a place among the top most corrupt countries in the world. Corruption in Nigeria is a consequence of the nexus between Bureaucracy, politics and criminals. Nigeria is now no longer considered a soft state. It has now become a consideration state where everything can be had for a consideration. Today, the number of governors with an honest image can be counted on fingers. At one time, bribe was paid for getting wrong things done but now bribe is paid for getting right things done at right time.
It is well established that politicians are extremely corrupt the world over. In fact, people are surprised to find an honest politician. These corrupt politicians go scot-free, unharmed and unpunished. Leaders like President Muhammadu Buhari or late Murtala Muhammed are a rare breed now who had very little bank balance. The list of scams and scandals in the country is endless. We are all living witness to the 2003 all African games scandal in which billions of taxpayers’ money meant for the games was siphoned by some corrupt individuals. The NNPC is now an empire of corruption in Nigeria, it serves the cabals and control the destiny of the country.
Is it possible to contain corruption in our society? Corruption is a cancer, which every Nigerian must strive to cure. Many new leaders when come into power declare their determination to eradicate corruption but soon they themselves become corrupt and start amassing huge wealth.
There are many myths about corruption, which have to be exploded if we really want to combat it. Some of these myths are: Corruption is a way of life and nothing can be done about it. Only people from underdeveloped or developing countries are prone to corruption. We will have to guard against all these crude fallacies while planning measures to fight corruption.
It is not possible to kill or remove the corruption by improving the Social-economic conditions of the people. Because we all know that the most of the people who are corrupted are not economically or socially backward, surely they will be having a notable social status.
"Despite a decade of progress in establishing anti-corruption laws and regulations, these results indicate that much remains to be done before we see meaningful improvements in the lives of the world's poorest citizens."
The following steps should be considered to eradicate corruption:
Greedy business people and unscrupulous investors should stop bribing the political elites. Don't be either at the receiving or at the bribing end. Political elites should stop putting their private gains before the welfare of citizens and economic development of their regions. Government should include a chapter in text books related to corruption and its desire consequences.
We all need to stop talking about Corruption and start the process to end it now. Corruption is going to end only when people like us stand up and speak out.
If we do not take step forward to remove corruption from root, the word developing country will always be attached with our country Nigeria. So we the common man are solution for removing corruption from our Nigeria and hence we will be helpful in making our country developed.
It is possible. Today’s generation is willing to change this system. And soon corruption is gone out from Nigeria. Every person should have his own responsibility to avoid corruption
A strong youth movement in the country only can remove corruption and each student should take a vow to begin this exercise courageously within the family-Former.
Comrade Ahmed Omeiza Lukman ( Email: ), reports from Kiev, Ukraine.
*Photo Caption – Map & Flag of Nigeria

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Onitsha Nigeria, 11th July 2015)-It shocks and saddens our heart over lies of unpardonable proportion emanating from the official quarters since the controversies over the relocation of Bko Haram terror detainees to Ezinifite-Aguata Minimum Prison rented the air. In fourteen days or two weeks, from 27th June when the deadly “Awaiting Trial Detainees” of Terror Insurgency, to 10th July 2015; five official lies of shocking proportion have been identified.
These official lies that have the capacity of international enlistment in the Guinness Book of Positive and Negative Historical Records are the following: 1. The All Progressives Congress (APC), Southeast Zone’s public statement, debunking the news of relocation of the terror detainees to Anambra State. It was dated 27th June 2015.
2. The Nigerian Prisons Service’s Public Relations Statement, dated same 27th June 2015; denying the relocation with expert-reasons as to why it is untenable to “relocate terror detainees dominated by those in awaiting trial” to Anambra State per Ezinifite-Aguata Minimum Prison.
3. The Political Adviser to the Governor of Anambra State, Mr. Chinedu Obidigwe, who granted a media interview, saying that it was the former President Goodluck Jonathan and former Governor Peter Obi that sealed the relocation of Boko Haram terror detainees to Anambra State as far back as 2012, but put it on hold due to the 2015 general polls and the former President’s second term bid. The former President was just one year into his elective presidential seat in 2012. Also by 2012, the number of those arrested in connection with the terror insurgency in Nigeria was very minimal. The terror activities and counter terror activities got surged in 2014 and early 2015. The ten expert-questions put across to Mr. Obidigwe by Intersociety over his lies have remained unanswered till date.
4. Another official falsehood to the effect that “the Prison under reference is situated at Ekwulobia”, whereas the truth remains that not even a meter of the Prison land belongs to Ekwulobia. Instead, the whole land hosting the Prison is in Ezinifite, Ekwulobia’s neighboring Community. At the archive of the Traditional Ruler of Ezinifite lies an original document with which the land was ceded to the Federal Government for the Prison project during the Shagari-Ekwueme civilian regime (1979-1983). The said papers also tallied with that kept with the Prison authorities at Awka, Anambra State.
Yet part of the official lies was found in the survey, where the Federal Government contractor that built the Prison (late A.I. Ezeh); an indigene of Ekwulobia, manipulated the survey and placed Ezinifite Community as “a sub village in Eziagulu Village in Ekwulobia Community”. The contractor also parted with some plots of the original land in its frontage and encroached on Ezinifite Community land belonging to Umuagu Village, which was not part of the ceded portion. When the staff quarters were built some four years ago, they drafted about ten soldiers led by a Colonel and later, by a Captain and used them to subdue Ezinifite Community over the encroached parcels of land. The Ezinifite Community was not only subdued and relegated, but also denied associated government amenities including access road, water and health facilities.

5. On 9th July 2015, the Governor of Ebonyi State, Mr. Dave Umahi told journalists during his inspection of work on some public projects that “The traders have the right to protest but there was no need for the protest because we (South-East governors) had enjoined the Federal Government not to relocate any Boko Haram prisoner to any prison in the South-East. Those suspects brought to Anambra State have been sent back to Abuja." Contrary to Governor Umahi’s statement, the 47 Boko Haram terror detainees at Ezinifite Minimum Prison have not been evacuated as at the night of 10th July 2015. Yet the media has been awash with the said statement till date. His reported denial of the statement under reference is watery and rejected by our leadership. Circumstantial attestation following the said statement has further messed him up and rubbished his gubernatorial seat the more. What did he tell traders in his State that discouraged them from protesting if not the statement as reported by the media in an open function?
It is very shocking, alarming and deafening that those holding hallowed public offices in trust for the people of Nigeria particularly those with hallowed title of “their excellencies” have turned themselves into “liars of Guinness Book of World Records standard”. Lying by public office holders in Nigeria has also been entrenched with an immunity called “political statement”. The quality of people elected or appointed into the country’s elective or appointive offices is nothing to write home about. As if the likes of Plato and Aristotle envisioned today’s political setting in Nigeria, they insisted that “politics is meant for the noble class”, which transcends “education and wealth” and bursts into “morality and nobility”.
Today, charlatans and clowns; who are educated or wealthy, lacking in morality and noblity, are in charge of Nigeria’s public affairs. Campus Cult Capons are nowadays made political advisers, legislators or even governors. In the case of the Governor of Ebonyi State, for instance, he has no locus standi as it concerns the presence or absence of the 47 Boko Haram detainees in Anambra State. He is the Chief Security Officer of Ebonyi State and not Anambra State. If he did not want to join forces with other stakeholders in the Southeast in the campaigns against escalation of Boko Haram insurgency in the country particularly in the Southeast, it would have been better for him to shut his mouth than to rubbish his gubernatorial position with lies of indelible record. He should have found an excusable excuse to give as why he stopped traders in his State from joining their colleagues in the ongoing peaceful protests.
There must be an end to “psychology of politics” or so called “political statement” in Nigeria’s political offices. The consequences of institutionalization of official lies or falsehoods are far reaching and one of them is that Nigerians will no longer attach any substance to official statements and explanations. Also public officeholders in Nigeria will continue to be disrespected and regarded as “elected or appointed touts and clowns”, until the country’s political space is liberated and purged of “celebrated empty quantities” holding its hallowed elective and appointive public offices in error or by default.

Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
+2348174090052 (office),
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor-Nwonu, Esq.
Head, Campaign & Publicity Department

*Photo Caption – As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: CLO reports ] - Forty five years after the fratricidal Nigeria Civil War where millions of Ndigbo were massacred with utter savagery and no mercy, the Igbos despite the proclamation of the famous three Rs have remained the most endangered species on planet earth.
In the Nigerian political configuration, they are treated as second class citizens. In the allocation of federal projects they ‘carry last ‘  while at the slightest break of ethnic riots or unrest in the North, they become the first target often resulting in monumental loss of lives and properties.
In the wake of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria, Ndigbo have suffered calamitous losses as their fine breeds who have domiciled in the North for many years have been mowed down in droves. In Anambra State, Adazi Nnukuwu and Umunnachi to be precise, monuments of several caskets brought back in dozens, all victims of Boko Haram litter the communities. The surviving family members of such victims have remained disillusioned, scattered and psychologically traumatized.
In the All Progressives Congress (APC) change mantra which culminated in the inauguration of Muhammed Buhari as Nigeria’s President on May 29th 2015, Ndigbo just like other Nigerians had (have) high expectations that our Eldorado has come.
Buhari and his team while campaigning assured us that insurgency will be a thing of the past once he ascends the Presidency throne and for Ndigbo, he promised that as Ogbuagu of Aba, Abia State and Okechukwu of Igbo lineage, we should be rest assured that we are ‘covered and protected’ because there will be no discrimination or alienation of any tribe most especially Ndigbo under his watch.
But beyond all the promises and assurances, General Buhari’s real welcome gift to Ndigbo is the relocation of suspected terrorists to Aguata, Anambra prisons under tight security on the night of Saturday 27th June 2005.
This act which happened barely few hours after the traders in Anambra State shut down all markets in the state in protest over the purported relocation has attracted widespread condemnation and more protests from several groups and platforms.
It is our position in the Anambra State Branch of the Civil Liberties Organisation (CLO) that against all intents and purposes which the federal government of Nigeria can give, the relocation of such breed of suspects to Anambra State is illogical, ill-conceived, detrimental to the Nigerian and Igbo society and uncalled for.
We view such act as a continued onslaught against Ndigbo in the Nigerian project. It is the height of government miscalculation and the mockery of a unique and much endowed race now taunted as a conquered territory.
Bringing Boko Haram suspects here will compound and escalate the issue of terrorism instead of taming the scourge. The detainees also while here have been denied access to justice since the courts in Anambra have no jurisdiction to try them.
Their presence here in the state has heightened the fear of insecurity among the citizens and the people are psychologically scared already.
We commend all the individuals, the clergy, groups and associations that have spoken up in condemnation of the federal government action.
We also condemn the politicization of the government action and the use of such situation to score cheap political points. The recent statement credited to Governor Obiano through his Political Adviser, Chinedu Obidigwe where he accused former President and Former Governor, Peter Obi as the brains behind the relocation of the Boko Haram suspects to Anambra  is to say the least, infantile.
Obiano should be reminded that his greatest undoing which will always backfire as he remains governor is to make any attack whether veiled or open to his predecessor, Mr. Peter Obi.  He should also be wary of sycophants surrounding him who may present the picture of promoting him as Akpokue Dike of the whole world but will end up leading him into making fatal mistakes.
Also, the continuous closure of markets in Anambra State in the name of protests for the relocation of Boko Haram suspects in Anambra should stop forthwith. The traders have made a statement through their shut down of markets and peaceful protests of Saturday July 27th 2015.  The continuous/incessant closure of markets on the order of the central market leaders without any consultation on the traders and their separate unions with its attendant economic implications is undemocratic and smacks of high handedness coated with ulterior motives.
While we welcome the reported meeting between the state government and a federal government delegation over the issue, we call on the Federal Government to as a matter of urgent national attention, return the Boko Haram detainees to their former base while putting in motion machinery for confidence building and damage control on the psyche of Ndigbo.
Government should intensify its efforts in combating terrorism and endeavor to subject any it’s actions and policy statements/ directions to proper scrutiny before execution  in line with the public opinion guage to avoid frequent somersaults and reversals .
Comrade Aloysius Emeka Attah, Chairman, Civil Liberties Organisation (CLO) Anambra State Branch. attachcomrade, 08035090548.
*Photo Caption - Map of Anambra State, showing Aguata.

 [ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - An adage says, “Show me your friend and I will tell you who you are.” This should be reframed “Show me your leader and I will tell you the follower you are.” This shows that leaders and followers co-create each other. There can be no leadership without followership and the reverse is also true. In his wonderful book, The Wretched of the Earth, the French-born Algerian statesman, Frantz Fanon argued that ultimately the people get the kind of leaders they deserve; and the leaders deserve the kind of followers they get. After all, a leader is anyone called to guide, teach, command, motivate, inspire or plan. By this, we all are leaders.
The National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS) which has a glorious past in the 70s and the 80s due to its strong stance in defence of interests of students and the downtrodden in the society. But what went wrong suddenly? Today it is difficult to distinguish NANS activities from motor park touts. The Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) made this point early 2014 when Delta State NANS Joint Campus Committee executives paid the Union a courtesy visit. So where are the leaders of tomorrow?
Like NANS, a University Campus branch of the Non-Academic Staff Union of Universities and Other Educational Institutions (NASU) did something quite amusing. Its members’ monetized benefits were allegedly cornered by the Vice Chancellor thus provoking the Union to embark on an indefinite strike. It is instructive to know that the Union leader, on been summarily promoted by the University Management from level 4 to 7 suddenly abandoned the poor workers and mortgaged their futures for personal gratification. Do we still have the moral authority to question our leaders when they collect huge World Bank/IMF loans and these never get home?
The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) embarked on industrial action in 2009. The Union accuses the Minister of Education, Dr. Sam Egwu of not heeding to the plights of the Union because his children like those of other high ranking public officials in Government had their children in foreign Universities. Suffice to say that ASUU threatened to publish the names of public officers’ children in foreign Universities. The Minister also claimed he has the names of children of ASUU members studying abroad and threatened to publish their names. We are yet to see any lists from both sides till this day!
I have cited these instances just to justify the assertion that leaders and followers are co-creators.
Dynamism is one of the hallmarks of leadership. If we continue to use the same old responses, worn-out theories, old failed approaches instead of creating new ones we honestly aren’t expecting things to change. I am sure no one recalls experiencing bomb blasts being a daily practice two decades ago. These are the realities we live by in Nigeria today. But to respond with an overtly short-staffed, ill-equipped security agencies to a fire-emitting Boko Haram is to say the least crooked thinking. The Americans were told in clear language that they were in the 21st Century and no longer the Civil War, Cold War, Vietnam, or Gulf War Years of the 20th Century during the 9/11 attacks. Robert Green in his book, The 33 Strategies of War noted that there is nothing good that comes out of fighting the last war.
Just as a confused leader cannot lead effectively, so are a divided, unfocused, disorganized and disoriented people cannot follow. The latter is been taken advantage of by unscrupulous politicians for cheap political gains. So, leaders and followers are not independent of each other.
Only clear-headed persons can effectively lead. But ordinary clear-headedness without visions is like tea without sugar. Since the needs of today are not necessarily those of tomorrow, good leaders try to phantom them in advance to avoid creating a vacuum. It is this lack of vision that made countries like Ghana to do better than we are presently doing. Great visionaries like have visions that presently elude us.
Also, a leader must know which role to play per time. He must be able to discern the role he plays in every situation. At war time he is the Commander-in-Chief or Chief Security Officer; at peace time he is the Father of the Nation, shunning partisanship in any form; during the period of division he is the Uniting figure and so on. In Nigeria, it appears our leaders don’t know what role is expected of them per time. It is for this reason they get poor advice from their Advisors who are only bent on flattering their Master’s egos.
Great leaders spend their time understanding the needs of their people. When others are bothered about winning the next election, or their party, or tribal origin, they do their best to satisfy their people. They are like marketers who are told satisfy the needs of their customers, to guarantee their loyalty. It was this great truth that Franklin D. Roosevelt understood, as US President during the Great Depression (1929-1933), when he chose to pitch his tent with the poor who were most affected during this period. For these acts, he was rewarded with great victories in four consecutive elections which are unprecedented and unsurpassed in US history. This was what led the great political leader and perhaps the most influential religious figure in World Civilizations, Amenhotep IV, Pharaoh of Egypt (1360-1350BC) to say: “The glory of a King is the welfare of his people; his power and dominion resteth on the hearts of his subjects.” The greatest leaders have taken heed of this eternal truth.
Also, the greatest leaders are not those that lead from the mountains. They pay attention to the deepest levels of human experience. They don’t make themselves super humans. In essence they are humble. It becomes very difficult to see situations clearly when one is surrounded by such luxury Nigerian leaders are infected with. All these rather make people blind hence they depend on second hand reports from their unreliable lieutenants.
Great leaders give everything in their service to the people. History is not in want of leaders whom gave their lives in the service of their people: Mahatma Gandhi(India), Abraham Lincoln(USA), John F. Kennedy(USA), Peatrice Lumumba(Congo), Malcom Little
(Malcolm X) (USA), Martin Luther King(USA), Ernesto “Che” Guevara(Argentina), Amilcar Cabral(Guinea-Bissau), Salvador Allende(Chile) and many others paid the ultimate price with their lives. Others have endured painful punishments and assaults: Nelson Mandela(South Africa), Denis Brutus(South African), Fidel Castro(Cuba), Juan Peron(Argentina). Others like Ahmed Ben Bella(Algeria) and Kwame Nkrumah(Ghana) were exiled from their countries due to their defence of their people.
We are indeed in a period of great triumphs and potential pitfalls. The World, Nigeria especially, is in dear need for leadership and followership. To make the difference, the leaders must set the pace for the followers. The World is in desperate need of Inspirational leaders, not necessarily politicians. That is why as young people we must set the pace. It never comes by asking rather it comes by demanding.
Olalekan Waheed Adigun ( Email: ), writer, philosopher, academician, political risk analyst, researcher, independent political strategist and brand consultant for individuals, political organisations and campaigns reports from Lagos, Nigeria.
*Photo Caption - Map & Flag of Nigeria