[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - Two chronic and pathognomonic problems of Nigeria have been incompetence/cluelessness and corruption. A government that deliberated, analysed and decided it was OK to institute a new policy to reduce the price of fuel to N85.60 last December but suddenly, barely five months later and after very few actually benefitted from that Abuja and Lagos limited reduction, made a 360 degree policy change and hiked the price of same commodity up by 50%, is either incompetent/clueless or corrupt/a scammer.
The Presidency has admitted as we had stated, that the hike in fuel, note: not a subsidy removal as that was removed since December, was in order to entice investment in private refineries and to enable the purchase of PMS with black market forex money. Like Nigerians are ready to suffer and die that glutinous cabal refineries may live.
The lower hiked limit, at N135 proved that the decision by the oil ministry was not a devaluation but a fixed price hike setting regulation. This fact is supported by Osinbajo's admission that the price was artificially hiked to entice private cabal refinery development...at the peril of the dying masses! And while Ministers and the Presidency junket as Sahara branded it, around the world to places where they have paid ambassadors able to represent them, at a millions of naira burden to the dying poor of Nigeria, desperate for real change.
The inconsistency, lack of direction and promotion of private cabal over the nation's masses by this government calls for drastic action to restore public confidence.
Both Ministers of petroleum must be resigned as many have earlier advanced, and the Central Bank Governor must also follow suit. This is the only condition, in addition to the devaluation of the Naira to meet with the black market supported fuel import price so as to prevent corruption by a price duplicity; for Nigerians to agree to be put under further hardship to buy fuel at N145 where little to no reprieve has yet been given. A fine author called it "all sticks and no carrots.
The Minister of Petroleum for State, Ibe Kachikwu admitted in March that he was creating an artificial scarcity of PMS by saving locally refined product "for the rainy day." Such a Minister with his alter ambitions does not have the credibility to lead the nation's primary industry. The Petroleum Minister must also resign for supervising directionless policies and imposing hardship on the people.
Reducing the price of PMS to N85.60 which by their new position, was then untenable and unsustainable was either a political machination or an act of Okrika fraud to entice the people to think the government was caring and then create an artificial scarcity to utilise to impose new hiked rates on the hapless masses and in favor of banks, the new official black market forex traders and the cabal.
CBN Governor Godwin Emefiele must also resign for not considering the masses and making enough forex (just $3 billion/year) available to import the needed fuel over the past months. The same governor promised cabal like Dangote unfettered access to CBN dollars for his $14 billion private refinery. This at the expense of the masses.
Dangote is renowned for usurping Nigeria's wealth via similar government undue advantages including in cash, import duty waivers and the gifting of public infrastructures and land. The same Dangote turned around and showed his "appreciation" by selling his cement at triple the global average price while his company celebrated quarterly massive profits for shareholders. Such an insensitive oligopolist should not be further assisted by the government who ought to rather probe his company and alleged bribes and inducements it has given politicians over the years for favors including private jets said to have been given to Obasanjo.
To prevent fraud and the use of a hiked PMS price for bank round-tripping of dollars as well as the sale of CBN's 50% of the commodity imported at N197 fuel by cabal at the new rate, thereby ripping off the masses, the official CBN Naira-dollar rate must be devalued and deregulated as we have insisted to meet with the black market rate and stick to it. So much corruption and illegal enrichment has transpired for the time the FGN has maintained Venezuelan dual rates.
We urge the Buhari administration to get its act right and think of Economic of the poor, not capital market economics, and put advantages for the suffering masses over the cabal and politicians.
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: email@example.com ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Oil barrels
[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - “The royalists of the economic order have conceded that political freedom was the business of government, but they have maintained that economic slavery was nobody’s business.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1936
President Buhari was in faraway London to attend an Anti-Corruption Summit when the British Prime Minister, David Cameron, made a statement that Nigeria and Afghanistan were “possibly the two most corrupt countries in the world”. The statement which was not given to the press, but made in passing, somehow found its way into the media, and made big headlines back home in Nigeria. As usual it took different interpretations.
For several hours, the unfortunate statement trended on social media and as usual, there was no response from the President until I saw the full video of the incident. The Prime Minister truly made the statement but was put immediately in order by the Archbishop of Canterbury who said (about President Buhari): “But this particular president is not corrupt... he’s trying very hard…” Let’s not go further into the politics of it, but one thing I like most about the whole matter is the President’s maturity in responding to Cameron’s comment that he had no use of anyone’s apologies on the incident, but for a refund of assets “stolen” from Nigeria now hidden in Western countries. I agree with Buhari on this one and others previously!
As if the drama was a ploy to distract Nigerians from what was to happen at home, the Minister of State for Petroleum, Dr Ibe Kashikwu, while his boss was attending the London conference, was busy doing his utmost to convince Nigerians of their new reality. The reality that Nigerians will now officially purchase PMS or petrol at N145 per litre!
As expected, the announcement was greeted with rude shock. On being told of the new price regime, I began calculating my daily expenses which are sure to increase as a result of the new price of the product.Let us get some clarifications before we continue. First, the government’s new policy is nothing new really. Some have blindly called it subsidy removal. They told us in the peak of their passion that the subsidy regime was no longer sustainable, hence the need to remove it.
Second, there was never any subsidy in the first instance so there was nothing there to be removed. What just happened with the announcement last Wednesday was just fuel price hike, and not subsidy removal.
The nation’s Vice President, Professor Yemi Osinbajo in a desperate attempt to defend the new policy, said the Buhari regime has not removed subsidy. In his own words writing under the title: The Fuel Pricing Debate: Our Story, he writes, “…the real issue is not a removal of subsidy. At $40 a barrel there isn’t much of a subsidy to remove.” Again, even if the Vice President has come out to say that “there isn’t much subsidy to remove” some of us still have the suspicion as to whether the so-called subsidies is not just another way some persons are cutting their own portion of the national cake!
This leads me to my second point: what really does deregulation mean? If my understanding of the word is still relevant, my commonsense understanding of the term simply means reduction or elimination of government control or regulation in a particular industry, usually enacted to create more competition within the industry. If then it is true that government is deregulating the downstream sector of the economy, we then expect that bodies like the Petroleum Products Prices Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) and related bodies, whose existence would have become redundant would have been abolished by now. The fact that the same body, PPPRA, now fixed the price at N145 per liter of petrol tells me a lot about the so-called deregulation the government is pursuing!
That equally reminds us, some of the arguments the governments over the years have made in support of deregulation and subsidy removal are just laughable. On one hand the government will blame shylock businessmen and vested interests as the reasons the refineries cannot work. They will tell us that only privately-owned refineries can solve the problem of the oil sector. On another hand, as former Minister of Information, Labaran Maku, has said that government has been an “irresponsible” businessman, that government has no business in business. Since government has no business in business, the economic royalists (as Franklin Roosevelt once called them) should do business at the state’s expense. The only thing left to be said is for the same government to come out to tell us something like: “Fellow Nigerians, the crisis in the oil industry is really not our fault. It is also not the fault of the independent and major marketers. The problem is that as a Government were are irresponsible, clueless and reckless. As a result of these characteristics of ours, we are hereby surrendering our responsibilities to the royalists of the economic order to build and maintain refineries.” Though they have not been making frank statements as these, these have been what their defense of their inability to build and maintain the refineries look like!
Since 2003, it appears the government has not had a new argument save the same quotidian arguments in their rabid defence of failing policies like deregulation. The fact that at one point, the Obasanjo administration justified the increase in pump price of petrol with the increase in international oil prices, how then does one explain an increase in oil price at a time when the international oil prices are at all-time lows? To this, they brought a third force into the equation-the high foreign exchange rate!Experts, we presently have many of them, have argued that the rationale for deregulation is often that fewer and simpler regulations will lead to a raised level of competitiveness and as a result, there will be higher productivity, more efficiency and lower prices overall. No doubt, the Federal Government of Nigeria wants us to believe in that, but the problem is that this has been said about the deregulation during Obasanjo’s administration. When the price was high, we all felt it badly. Why then will the ordinary citizen believe that it will bring availability and price reduction when deregulation has come to mean price increase?
In the light of this, some other experts assert that the latter consequences of deregulation are: elimination of small companies, elimination of convenience and comfort, reduced wages, laying-off of workers and reduction of environmental safeguards and others.
These consequences are inevitable in a country like Nigeria where the economy is not as strong as in the developed world, where corruption is high and where there is relatively no freedom of information. Since this administration wants to apply certain regulation(s) similar to what is obtained in the developed countries, what is wrong therefore if Nigerians asked for a similar standard of living, effective refineries, elimination of corruption, constant supply of petroleum products and electricity like the developed countries?
What is playing out in the oil sector with the recent policy statements from the government are nothing but bold-faced corruption and first-rate irresponsibility. Even if we are told to trust and support Buhari for his honesty and anti-corruption stance, we cannot trust that he will be Nigerian president forever. On this issue of subsidy removal, deregulation or fuel price hike, I beg to disagree.
[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregino Brimah reports ] - From an economics point of view, in strict economics terms, the fuel price hike can be looked at as the taxation of the masses to sponsor packages of the 2016 stimulus budget and support and sponsor the oil magnates.
While the fuel subsidy was removed since the past December, there existed an artificial scarcity due to unwillingness of the government to spend its foreign earnings in fuel importation and this was followed by the government announcing the price hike to "illegally" push all fuel imports to black market sourced dollars.
Last year Nigeria imported 6 billion liters of fuel. In pure monetary terms, this costs less than $3 billion. Had the government decided to allow Nigerians to keep enjoying low priced fuel, it had the option of buying black market forex to import it and shelving the cost. For $ 3billion, that would amount to an extra expense of 320-197= 123 x 3 billion = 336 billion naira.
The Buhari government decided not to "waste" its 336 billion naira on the citizens as it would rather spend same on its chosen projects for 2016, like the N100 billion total estimate provision of N5000 stipends to a lucky million selected from 90 million poor Nigerians. Buhari would rather tax all Nigerians, rich and mostly poor to the extra tune of N336 billion than give them their right to CBN forex or supplement the gap with the black market rate for them as it does the cabal companies. (See Buhari assurance of CBN dollars to cabal as delivered in his Al Jazeera interview)
So invariably, the Buhari government is refusing to make what could be considered as a sacrifice of N336 billion (though it is not a sacrifice since N197 is the official dollar rate) to rather decide what perks and handouts it will use the equivalent amount of funds for in its budget. All will be taxed and a few will gain.
Many have discredited the way the government chooses the lucky recipients. For instance, the 1 million getting N5000 are selected approximately 30,000 per state. Such a process will be corruption as there are millions of poor per state who will feel cheated. Either all must get the handout or none. This is how social welfare works across the developed world. There is open eligibility criteria. If you pass, you are qualified. If it goes to a selected few then it must be by chance – lottery. Taxing all the poor with the new fuel price hike to support others is most unfortunate.
Kachikwu Confessed It Was A Deliberate Scarcity
The Minister of state for petroleum, Ibe Kachikwu in March of this year admitted that the fuel scarcity was artificial. The minister during an infamous speech where he said he wasn't a magician, announced that Nigerians should bear with the government as it was strategically reserving/hoarding locally made fuel to make reserves for the "rainy day." He said he will be done making his reserves in two months and then the fuel scarcity will be relived. At the one and half month mark he rather announced the fuel price hike. In essence, he was making it rain blood to get Nigerians so desperate they will embrace the fuel price hike in favor of refinery owners as the Presidency announced and oil marketers. It was an artificial scarcity and intentional suffering by Kachikwu's own submission.
Read Ibe Kachikwu's admission of Hoarding/Artificial Scarcity; Ibe: “the government’s strategy is that whatever produced in the refineries will not go for sale but will be kept “in strategic reserve because the key problem here is that there is no reserve; anytime there is a gap in supply, it goes off…So, we’re going to dedicate the next couple of months to moving all the products that we produce to strategic reserve so that we can pile up reserves and that will push up the reserves in the nation.“
Robbing Peter To Pay Paul
While all this is happening, there is a winner in it all, the usual suspect: Aliko Dangote and the rest cabal. As soon as the fuel price hike was announced, oil marketer stock rose in the Nigerian Stock exchange, NSE. You can imagine how mad the Cabal have been and how they have been fighting their being cut out of the supply chain that made them billions. Stock for Dangote's refinery depends on the price of fuel and the deregulation of the market.
The Presidency said as it admitted raising the price of fuel to shift funding to the black market, that the (de)regulation (Note: it is a regulation as there is a lower price hiked limit) will help aid refinery development; ie: will help Dangote and co.
Godwin Emefiele, CBN governor this January went to visit Dangote's refinery and promised him unfettered access to dollars at the CBN rate for the $14 billion project. Dangote who the US call beggar-they-countrymen Dangote, has always benefitted at the peril of the masses. He gets free government land, cheap government assets, import duty waivers and cash. In return he sponsors corrupt politicians and bribes governors and Presidents, allegedly according to wikileaks cables, he gave Obasanjo a private jet and then he "rewards" the citizenry by giving them the highest cost for produce in the world. Dangote cement sells bags at 3x the global mean. That is our reward.
Nigeria is begging Buhari for just $3billion CBN rate dollars/year but Buhari would rather give same to one man, Aliko Dangote. No wonder why US calls him: beggar-thy-countryman; and why it's so easy for Dangote to get richer while and directly proportionately to how the entire nation gets poor. Then he gives those destroyed and made into beggars by his corruption and corruption facilitated terror, food for a month.
Once again, Nigeria has chosen to raise his stock and preferentially give him dollars for his $14 billion refinery, in essence and by their own use of the word, subsidy, for giving CBN rate dollas, the Buhari government is again sucking up to corrupt Dangote and subsidizing his refinery by cheating or at the expense of 170 million Nigerians.
Dr. Peregino Brimah ( Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, Minister of State for Petroleum
[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - I recently asked a question via twitter. I wrote: "who will you trust: a man who stole a billion dollars or a man who secretly buried a human being?" While the crime of straightforward stealing is humongous and capital in my books, and I have severally written on how the stealing of Jonathan was killing, the Bible and Quran give an official sentence of amputation for stealing and death for killing. Both merit capital punishments but sometimes with stealing you may live.
While I may not directly blame Buhari in the killing of hundreds in Zaria last year; and I may not accuse him directly in the secret burial of them (let's assume he did not know and is being denied national security updates) but can we possibly pretend that he did not hear of el-Rufai's mass burial confession? And if he missed that news, can we again pretend that he missed Amnesty International's calls for immediate securing and forensic investigation of Mando mass grave that the dead may get reprieve and soon be laid to rest decently?
Buhari's silence for a month since the Kaduna confession is worrying and indicting. This is where we have deadly corruption that is not stealing.
I'll give a few more examples.
What do we call the silence and immunity given to marauding suspected Fulani herders? It's not stealing but it is deadly corruption.
What do we say about the nepotism by the Central Bank, secretly hiring hundreds of politicians' family members right up to the President's? And what do we say of President Buhari's silence on the alleged crimes?
What do we call the perversion of Nigeria's system with the army empowered in dictatorial style to usurp the role of the police?
What do we call the failure to sack and interrogate the Enugu police commissioner directly implicated in the deaths of dozens during the Enugu massacre?
What do you say of the DSS statement, extracting five of fifty five bodies to paint an inciting and very dangerous picture of Fulani targeting in Igbo land?
What do we call the failure to bring to book those who padded the budget?
What do we call the permission given to Tunde Fashola to put single boreholes at N160,000,000 a piece! Quadruple the embezzlement that we stoned Stella Oduah for?
What do you call Lai Mohammed possibly violating the TSA law and borrowing N13 million to travel to China un-needfully when we have a salary earning ambassador there to represent Nigeria?
What do we call the artificial scarcity and new fuel scam as Godwin and Kachikwu connive and decide to condemn Nigerians to buy fuel imported at the black market dollar rate while the CBN promises unfettered access to billions of CBN N197 dollars to serially ungrateful and oppressive Beggar-thy-countrymen Dangote who sells his cement we helped him with government favors to manufacture at thrice the global average?
What do we say about a government that decides to hike fuel prices for millions so shares in Dangote's company and other refinery investing cabals' projects may rise?
What do we call the new fuel scam Kachikwu and Godwin are opening up to promote a duplicity in import price and to promote the bank formalized black market round tripping of dollars?
How do you describe the hardship the Buhari government imposed on Nigerians for most of their first year by refusing to import sufficient quantities of the readily available PMS, simply because they had better things to do with forex and as is evident, wanted to prep Nigerians for the black market forex priced scam?
What do you say of Kachikwu's March 23rd confession that the fuel scarcity was artificial and due to his "strategically reserving" / hoarding the PMS product of the local refineries? Hoarding toward this hike in favor of the cabal as is now obvious.
In these cases, while many do not fit the stealing classification, they are corruption that is not stealing but is killing. Perhaps Jonathan had a point.
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: email@example.com ) reports.
*Photo Caption - As seen.
[ Masterweb Reports: Emeka Umeagbalasi reports ] - (Onitsha Nigeria, 15th of May 2016)-My view and that of International Society for Civil Liberties& the Rule of Law were recently sought by some media establishments in Nigeria including the authorities of the Guardian Newspaper concerning the unfolding social happenings in the country and their spiralling negative effects on the polity; leading to some highly placed citizens of Nigeria calling for the return to Regionalism. Though our said view lent to the Newspaper under reference meant to be reflected in its latest edition (Sunday, 15th of May 2016) on the topic was omitted, but we are compelled by compelling circumstances to expand the pie and articulate the following position as our contribution to the raging debate for the purposes of “escalating and democratizing” well thought out views associated with the debate and taking same beyond the boundaries of Nigerian “paper media newsroom gamesmanship”..
Prominent among those that called for the return of Nigeria to Regionalism is Barr Ike Ekweremadu, who is also the Deputy President of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Those Regionalism advocates are further divided into three schools of establishment, scholarship and activist groups. While the calls from the establishment and scholarship schools are narrower in scope (i.e. hinged on economic melt-down being experienced by sub-national entities or States), that espoused by activist school is larger or broader in scope (i.e. inevitability of a National Question & its timeliness) and it is heightened by violent approaches to the issues of democratic governance and its fundamental elements; adopted by Gen Muhammadu Buhari.
We make bold to say that the centrality of the above argument for or against Regionalism in Nigeria lies within the confines of a National Question. The question as whether the States will continue to be retained or be replaced with Regionalism or change or retention of present fiscal or revenue formulae, alone, is incapable of arresting and addressing holistically the age-long disunity and socio-economic backwardness of Nigeria. Therefore, the arguments of the two schools under reference are out-rightly dismissive and fire-brigade approach because economic status, alone, being cited by the two schools as sole reason necessitating clamour for return to Regionalism or otherwise; is grossly an insignificant ground to alter the existence of “statism” in Nigeria or creation of new regionalism in the country. That is to say that clamours for abolition of States and creation of Regionalism for sole purpose of addressing the economic melt-down of the States, are too parochial, narrow-minded and lazily premised. If “economic buoyancy” is a fundamental reason for the existence of sub-national entities or States, or even national entities or countries; then poor countries like Benin Republic, Macedonia, Albania, Comoros Island, Djibouti, Laos, Nepal, Haiti, Fiji Island, etc would have fizzled out long ago and got permanently disbanded out of existence.
The stark realities behind the present economic crises in most, if not all the States in Nigeria are extensively self-inflicted and self-invited. There is gross corporate laziness on the part of most, if not all the chief executives of the affected States. Flamboyancy, over-sized government or cabinet composition, wasteful spending, parochialism, primitive lust for property acquisition and lifestyles, greed and graft are also responsible at large scale. To these States chief executives and their conspiratorial State lawmakers and their principal leaderships, governance is no longer a call to serve but an opportunity to loot, plunder and run governance as business enterprises or private companies.
Take the issue of borrowing, for instance, why must Nigeria’s rich and middle rich States go borrowing and for what reasons or purposes? Is borrowing a must? Typical example is Lagos State, which is the richest State or sub-national entity in Nigeria in terms of non-federal allocations or IGR and annual cumulative accruals; yet the State is the most indebted State in Nigeria. Lagos is one of the smallest land-massed States in Nigeria, measuring about 4,211 square kilometres; yet the most infrastructurally developed in Nigeria. The State is also the most urbanized in the country having witnessed infrastructural development as far back as over 155 years ago or 1861. The State is presently heavily indebted and the most indebted State in the country; despite being a N300billion-N350billion or $1.5billion-$1.75billion annual economy. Its Internally Generated Revenue alone for 2015 was put at N288billion.
The State currently has over N500billion internal and external debts. The question is: Is Lagos State supposed to borrow? Will the State crash if it does not borrow? Did Anambra State under Peter Obi crash for refusing to borrow? How come Anambra State under Obi left tens of billions of naira in cash and investments without borrowing and with appreciable infrastructural turn-around in the State? What is the size of Lagos State monthly wage bills? What is supposed to be its monthly wage bills? What is the percentage of infrastructural challenge in Lagos State particularly virgin or new infrastructures considering its highly urbanized and infrastructural development level? What will it take Lagos State to run its supposedly maintenance governance without getting sunk in serial indebtedness?
The same problems above are also found in other buoyant States like FCT, Ogun, Kano, Delta, Bayelsa, Akwa Ibom and Rivers States, and to an extent, Edo, Abia and Imo States; a situation whereby richer States are more heavily indebted locally and internationally than the poorer States of the Northeast, Northwest and North-central zones and their counterparts in Southeast and Southwest zones. Their States’ chief executives in conspiracy with their States assemblies have not only milked their States dry, but also mortgaged them in serial indebtedness with virtually no innovative ideas of how to turn their States positively around beyond the teething shores of indebtedness and by cutting their coats according to their sizes.
What do you make of a State Executive Council, composed of 600 to over 1000 cabinet size with billions of naira spent monthly in allowances and media image laundering? How on earth will a democratic governor elected to serve his people and improve their socio-economic lives turns himself into a reigning king or queen. A civilian governor that brandishes a traditional elephant tusk or horse tail with agbada and is entertained by drummers in all his official governance outings, locally, nationally and internationally; is nothing but “Festus Okotie Eboh of our time”; and such a governor is not taken seriously in the scale of real democratic governance particularly before the international development institutions.
Also, owing to loopholes and deformities in Sections 7 (parasitism of LGA system in the hands of States Executives & Legislatures) and 162 (6) (State-LGA Joint account) of the 1999 Constitution, 70% or more of statutory monthly federation Local Government Councils’ allocations are maliciously diverted by the States and their Legislatures; yet they continuously complain of dearth of funds. From the foregoing, it is elementarily clear that those clamouring for the return to Regionalism on sole account of addressing the States’ economic melt-down are deceiving Nigerians and being economical with the truth.
However, Nigeria as a country is long overdue for a National Question and its majoritarian answer. Absence of a National Question has retarded and will continue to retard the national development, unity and cohesion in Nigeria as a country. From military cabals of northern oligarchs to Obasanjo’s civilian presidency nurse-maided by a cabal of ex military generals; to the present “Tinubu/Miyatti Allah oligarchy”, this long overdue National Question has been vehemently resisted by the referenced above. But the more it is cabalistically resisted, the more its immunity to such resistance stirs up unquenchably. In the world over, “rigid sovereignty or absolute sovereignty” is steadily waning and it is being out-fashioned by “citizens’ sovereignty or sovereignty as a responsibility”.
A National Question is a must and inevitable in Nigeria, otherwise the country will continue to rigmarole in absurdities. A National Question simply means a round table gathering of all ethnic nationalities through their representatives by way of proportionality or through the principle of equality; for the purpose of congregation and aggregation of common views and interests of all nationalities on how best to live together in peace and giant national development as a great socio-cultural diverse country or union of regional autonomies; with such congregated and aggregated agreements put to a general referendum of yes or no universal adult suffrage. It is also a National Question Answered when previous national dialogues’ outcomes are revisited, re-modified, updated, expanded or narrowed and popularly implemented with or without referendum or referenda.
Such a National Question or a National Question answered will critically and satisfactorily address the geo-political, geo-ethno-religious, geo-agricultural, geo-legislative, geo-judicial, geo-securitization, geo-environmental, geo-demographic, geo-industrial composition of the country. They can be factored at the end into optional and agreeable political structure by way of “confederacy” or “regionalism”, or “federacy” or “union or league of autonomous States/Regions of Nigeria”; or better still, “independent States of the former Federal Republic of Nigeria”.
“Doing everything to keep Nigeria together, even with self death and State violence”, is a presidential over-statement and akin to Mikhail Gorbachev’s unheeded early warning signals’ statement in then Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in the inevitable dying days of the Union; which eventually died in 1991. When the time for a National Question reaches its peak and its resistance continues, it can snowball into calamitous consequences with unquenchable repercussions. That is to say answers to a National Question have peaceful and violent outcomes, depending on the wisdom and foresight or otherwise of the managers of the political territory with such inevitable National Question.
Instances abound. The National Question of Czechoslovakia was well and peacefully answered leading to its Velvet Revolution of 29th of December 1989; which gave birth to Czech and Slovak Republics. That of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics was answered under relatively peaceful atmosphere; leading to peaceful dissolution of the Union and emergence of 15 distinct States of Armenia, Georgia, Lithuania, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Uzbekistan, Estonia, Latvia and Tajikistan on 26th of December 1991.
Conversely, the National Question of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was answered violently (violent conflict) leading to violent breakup of the country between 1991 and 1992, leading to emergence of seven violent independent States of Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety) & Leader, Southeast Based Coalition of Human Rights Organizations (SBCHROs)
Mobile Line: +2348174090052
*Photo Caption - Emeka Umeagbalasi
[ Masterweb Reports: Ikechukwu Enyiagu reports ] - Positive criticism is symbiotic for all involved in every relationship setting, be it between the employer and his employee, the driver and his passengers or the leader and the led. When the employer becomes bossy, he gives room for an overthrow or, when that is not possible, an eventual masterminded unproductiveness. The same applies in a situation where a reckless driver would not entertain a caution from his passengers; he drags them into his mortal mistakes. When it gets to a political leader and his subjects, the former's myopia and conceitedness create a general nonchalance and indifference to State affairs. In all these, it is often the object of this symbiotic cohesion that suffers-its effect bringing down with it everyone involved. It was rightly said that "evil triumphs when good men do nothing." Through this piece, therefore, I intend to lend my voice to the believed collective cry and drive towards a better Nigeria.
In the history of Nigeria, especially in this 17 years of so-called "uninterrupted democracy," I am beginning to feel tempted to have faith in this Buhari-led administration. This is because the issue of corruption is certainly a national shame and Nigeria needs an urgent cesarean delivery out of it. Having said that, notwithstanding, I want to openly reflect on some government policies which are both unhealthy, detrimental and result unoriented.
1. The touted grazing bill
I call it touted because the fact that the NASS is visionless enough to deliberate on it makes it a case, but infamous. The bill, from the news buzzes, is centered around the allocating of grazing routes and lands for herdsmen and their herds. In every sane society and where humans are valued, no law ever passes a first hearing that is destructive to State citizens. Better still, no government makes the business of certain individuals a State matter such that other citizens suffer for it. It is an insult to everyone yoked with Nigeria to be told that a certain business or businessman has a monopoly on government attention. In medieval times, humans were fewer in the world and they competed with animals to gain habitats. That's when nomadic rearing of animal stocks was not an issue. However, in this age, cattle are reared in their ranches. Every cow is domesticated enough to live beside goats and sheep. Herdsmen should, therefore, create ranches and take care of their cows, and wandering about with their herds should be an offense against the State just as it is an offense for those who rear goats, sheep and dogs to encroach into peoples’ property simply because they have to feed their stocks.
2. On PMS: The subtle insult of Nigerians by the government
Few hours ago, according to PPPRA second quarter price modulation, and as announced by the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Ibe Kachukwu on Aso Rock Twitter handle, PMS (petrol) is no longer to sell at the initial official pump price of N86.50K but at another official pump price of N145. This is sad. Every true leader is expected to bear in his conscience the load of those he leads. I, and indeed every keen observer, could not have missed the blatant show of government's total disregard for its citizens. How can a government promising change, after having increased the burdens on its citizens through delayed budget passage, now multiply it by skyrocketing petrol pump price? What happened with the said N86.50k official pump price which was never followed? And now that the government has shot the price up with additional N60, what considerations has the government made for salary earners whose salary digits have not be shot up as well? The effect of this new increment is that transport fares will go high-affecting all goods and services. In all these, it seems the government, in using every means to enlarge the federal purse, is oblivious of the fact that those who own this federation are dying gradually from lack and government-induced frustration. It makes no sense for the leader to claim he feels the pains of the led, yet inflicting more pains on them. This decision from the federal government will, undoubtedly, encourage more crimes and wickedness as individuals and families must do anything and everything to make ends meet.
Although the National Assembly works in a representative capacity, when wicked laws and policies are successfully passed, our representatives become our enemies. The consequence of misrepresentation, as the news carried recently, has begun to play out in Kano, and it is a matter of time before it snowballs into a national chant. The spokesperson of PPPRA just gave these empty excuses as to why the petroleum pump price was hiked:
1. Neighboring countries selling higher than Nigerians.
2. Because of this, petrol are often diverted to countries like Cameroon- causing fuel shortages.
I just have few questions for this government:
1. Do Nigerians not have a say in what concerns their lives?
2. Has waking up any day to multiply the hardship in the land become a
new definition of change?
3. Even as another official petrol pump price has been fixed at N145, how is the government going to ensure that marketers nationwide do not sell it above this given price as has often been the case?
4. When you are hiking fuel price just because other countries around Nigeria did so, have you also given the country basic infrastructures and basic amenities obtainable in those said neighboring countries?
5. If the government hikes the price of fuel just to stop people from diverting and smuggling it abroad, does it not mean that the government is trying to outdo those smugglers in worsening the plights of Nigerians, to make more gains; is it not a federal corruption?
6. If hiking the pump price is geared towards stopping fuel diversion, what then is the job of the customs and the immigration agencies? I don't think the reasons which necessitated this decision are pro-people. It's sad.
In deduction, it seems that what the government has succeeded in doing so far is increasing hardship. No matter what future you promise a hungry man, his immediate need is to eat and stay alive. This, this government has not taken note of. Sometimes it makes me wonder if, truly, we have been mistaken for dumb and defenseless animals in a zoo by the zoo keepers. Putting it mildly, the relationship between Nigerians and their leaders is worse than that between the animals in the zoo and the zoo keepers because, in zoology, if you would keep a zoo, then you must be ready, able and willing to take care of all the needs of the animals you have thus caged. 1 Timothy 5:18 reminds us that it is wickedness to muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain, however, this warning seems useless to the Nigerian political class: they charge vats even against a student’s bank accounts just for receiving his school fees and upkeep; they further frustrate minimum wage salary earners who must spend their monthly stipends on transportation to their work places just because the government has multiplied the price of petrol. My only concern is that the lions, tigers, crocodiles and snakes in Nigerian cages may not endure hunger enough to plan revenge like the tortoise amongst them; they may simply attack even if it would lead to their untimely deaths. And it no longer suffices for the army to issue their rant of a warning every now and then when people react to excruciating pains of injustice. The previous administration saw many protests and oppositions from the masses, this administration should do well not to take the uneasy calmness as a unanimous agreement to slavery and certain deaths in one's own country. Every policy which further hurts the citizens and which has no cushioning balance must be discarded; implementing them is the height of callousness.
3. Prison inmates allegedly fed daily with N14000
According to the publication made by Vanguard newspaper on July 15, 2014, Ms Sonia Jorge, the Executive Director of Africa For Affordable Internet (A4AI), declared that over 120 million Nigerians live on less than two dollars per day. This is 2016 and, emphatically, Nigeria has gone worse - leaving average Nigerians on much less than 2 dollars a day. Assuming, to thresh out excuses, we peg today's dollar rate at N300, it would mean that an average Nigerian lives on approximately less than N600 daily.
The above estimate is, I must add, an exclusive reserve of the average 'free' Nigerian and not the one who has been incarcerated for any reason. But in recent dubious revelation credited to the Minister of Interior, AbduraRaham Dambazau, the Nigerian government spends about N14,000 to feed each prisoner on daily basis - as against a revelation on this same issue just last year by the national coordinator of Legal Defense & Assistance Project, Mr. Chino Obiagwu that, the Nigerian government spends a paltry N3.50k daily to feed each inmate. What the government is telling Nigerians-civil servants and indeed all tax payers-is that it spends N420,000 to feed each prisoner every month. What corruption at its peak!
It only takes animals in a zoo not to accurately revolt-from pillar to post-against any government that throws such insult. It takes citizens in a fantastically corrupt country to accept every thrash fed to them by the ruling class, by those who were supposedly elected to represent them. This revelation is enough to instigate mutiny in the military, enough to nationalize all manner of criminality and enough to induce a national bloodbath. It's a mockery on Nigerians' indolence, nonchalance and indifference to the goings-on in the polity. But how can Nigerians speak when they have been made a little lower than the animals in the zoo, when their rights stops at the doors of the political class and where biased laws and military mights are often used to keep them confined in the grinding mill of slavery? Shame on you, Satan! I daresay that, in the so-called 17 years of "uninterrupted democracy," we have actually not experienced anything close to that word. What we have, at its best in Nigeria, is an oligarchy of demon possessed men and women whose thirst is only intermittently quenched by the blood of their electorate. Again I say, shame on you, Satan! When change comes, we will know and embrace it with our whole being.
*Photo Caption - As seen.
[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - Arguably, the most criticized institution since the emergence of the Buhari administration has been the National Assembly, specifically, the Senate, its upper chamber. A group, Citizens United for Peace and Stability (CUPS), has called on Nigerians to #OccupyNASS. Some more ambitious elements within this group went as far as calling for the scrapping of the Senate altogether.
Before we go on, we need to understand some things so that our analysis is not beclouded by emotions. If my memory serves me right, the Nigerian Senate was established in 1960, with the Owelle of Onitsha, Rt Honourable (Dr) Nnamdi Azikiwe as first Senate President. Before then, we had only the House of Representatives (introduced in 1954) as the sole body to perform law making functions at the federal level. As at the time of its introduction, the Senate’s 44 members were appointed by the then regional governments as against the more vibrant and politically active House of Representatives whose members included the likes of Chief Obafemi Awolowo. Not until the introduction of the 1979 Constitution did the members of the Senate became elected and accorded more powers and functions under the presidential system of government.
Only recently has the voice of those calling for the scrapping of the Senate grown louder. Looking from afar, one can easily classify the groups calling for the scraping of the Senate into three interrelated groups.
First among these groups are those who want the body scrapped because of some scores they have to settle with the current Senate President, Bukola Saraki. As far as these people are concerned, it takes a rotten body to produce a decay head. Some within this group have called for the resignation of the Senate President as a result of his on-going trial at the Code of Conduct Tribunal (CCT). To this group, scrapping of the Senate is not too much of a bad idea!
The second group are those who want the Senate scrapped because they think that is a cost-saving avenue for the Federation. This is perhaps the strongest point raised by those calling for the scrapping of the Senate altogether. They cite the wasteful expenses such as recent purchase of exorbitant cars for Senators who are yet to pass many bills into laws, as a premise for their arguments!
The third group might just perfectly fit into any of the two previous groups, but having no strong or legitimate position(s) of their own other than just wanting the Senate scrapped.
Many of the counter-arguments against the scrapping of the Senate have been targeted at the first group. They claim that the desperation of persons like Bola Tinubu to remove the Senate President is responsible for the growing agitations against the legislative body.
Let us be quick to admit that Tinubu being a politician is hardly to be vouched for about his ambitions. Politicians are people that one can hardly trust especially when it comes to keeping their words. One thing we must admit is that Tinubu’s case against the Senate has little or nothing to do with Saraki being the Senate President. It is on record that the All Progressives Congress (APC) national leader called for the scrapping of the Senate in 2013. This being just a distraction, but let’s look at the issue for less emotional standpoints.
Tinubu himself served in the Senate during the Third Republic so his calling for the scrapping of the body he once served in means he is entitled to his opinion. His justification for his position is, like the second group, to save cost.
Again, in the heat of the 2006 National Conference, some groups under the name, Pro-National Conference Organisations (PRONACO) led by late Pa Anthony Enahoro also called for Legislative reforms to include a unicameral legislature at the centre. Invariably, the call for scrapping of the Senate dates back when even Saraki was still Kwara state Governor.
While it looks good on the surface to scrap the Senate to save cost, we think the argument is simply rather too reductionist. There is no guarantee, that funds saved from scrapping the body will not find other uses in the same corrupt system!
If we are really serious about saving cost, then we make the following propositions:
Since members of the Senate are former state Governors, Ministers, House of Representatives members, and other political office holders in one way or the other hence on pensions and gratuities in the Nigerian public service, we propose withdrawal of monetary packages for previous political office holders in the Red Chambers. Legislative bodies are not money-spinning institutions. The Legislature is a chamber of reflection, not of luxuries!
We equally want to know why we have to scrap the Senate to save cost. What about slashing the emoluments of political office holders, including the Presidency? Why must the President have ‘Special Advisers’ since he also has ‘Special Assistants’? What about having our legislators just sitting allowances, rather than huge bonuses? Why can’t we just demonetize the Local Government administrations in other to attract true and productive administrators? Must Nigeria maintain a full embassy in Nicaragua? Must we have 36 ministers even though half of them are without portfolios?
Some people may see our proposals as ruthlessly impracticable in the light of present realities because, they say, politics costs money. We agree. To be a politician is to mean business, we concur. But we recall that politics can also mean making decisions about something outside of oneself. If politics is just about what is my business, maybe, we will not have a US President known as Barack Obama today!
It is not just about saving cost or removing Saraki, but we should rather make the Senate less attractive and less monetized by ensuring quality persons, rather than just political opportunists who find their way into the exalted institution.
[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - In the so-called "safe corridor initiative," Nigeria has begun training about 800 "repentant" Boko Haram terrorists in "skills acquisition" to reintegrate them back into society.
The Director General of the National Emergency Management Agency, NEMA, Alhaji Sani Sidi revealed this in Abuja during a joint public hearing on the North East Development Commission, NEDC according to a Nigerian Pilot report. This is being coordinated by the new CDS Major-General Abayomi Gabriel Olonisakin.
Nigeria's anti-terror bill states
“(2) without prejudice to sub-section (2) of this section, where death results from any terrorist act, the penalty shall be death sentence.” Terrorism Prevention Act of 2011 as amended in 2013, Part 1, subsection .
Terrorism Gets Death, Conspiracy Gets Not Less Than 20 Years
In February of 2013, the senate ratifying the bill, OK'd the death penalty for terrorists. Quoting Vanguard's "Senate Okays death penalty for terrorists" article:
'THE Senate, Wednesday, descended heavily on terrorism perpetrators as it recommended a capital punishment for those found guilty of the act... New amendments to Section 17 of the Terrorism Act, gave a clear distinction between “an act of terrorism” and “an act of conspiracy.” For the latter, an imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years is prescribed.'
As has been trademark, whenever this amnesty is announced, the government officer making the announcement uses a particular catch phrase, "in line with the International best practice." NEMA DG did same once again.
The question is: what best international practice? Where in the world are killers and rapists trained and reintegrated into society? We challenge the Nigerian government to substantiate this claim.
Cameroon just killed another 80 or so Boko Haram terrorists. Kenya does not waste time killing its Al-Shabaab terrorists. Why is Nigeria always different?
Why Reward Boko Haram Terrorists?
Nigeria sentences kidnappers and armed robbers to death. Why are terrorists who kidnapped and raped the Chibok girls, being speedily trained to reintegrate these deadly risks back into society? Why do these terrorists get this bountiful reward?
Some of the most patriotic Nigerians in recent history have been the Civilian-JTF. While the army ran from Boko Haram under the flimsy excuse of not having been equipped...with the then military procurement officers under Dasuki, blamed for not purchasing their necessary equipment, Nigeria's northeastern youth, the brave Civilian-JTF confronted Boko Haram without fear and fought them assisting the cowardly army and protecting neighborhoods with sticks and stones. Today the Buhari government has not began training these brave youth in "skill acquisition," but is rather giving preference to Boko Haram terrorists who have destroyed lives and properties. Who have raped, maimed and killed. Who have rendered over 2 million Nigerians homeless.
God And The Law Of The Land Permits No Amnesty For Murderers And Rapists
While many of us have agreed to certain forms of amnesties, which do not include any skill training ahead of Nigeria's good youth, the preconditions are clear: there must never be an amnesty for anyone who has killed and raped. This is best international practices. This is the type of amnesty Algeria gave its Boko Haram equivalents at the end of the "Black decade" of the 80s. This is the only kind of pardon the Nigerian constitution permits.
It is sad to see how the Nigerian government continues to violate the law without regard. Attorney Femi Falana was lamenting about this on Sunrise Channels TV show the other day.
We immediately call on AGF Malami who has defended this pardon for murderous terrorists to correct the FGN on this violation. We call on the CDS to check with the Attorney General and refrain from further illegal violations of the safety of the people he is appointed and paid to defend.
The ENDS new legal team will sue the FGN for violations of Nigeria's most fundamental right: the right to life, if and whenever there is evidence of the release of murderous and rapist terrorists back into society.
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ) reports.
*Photo Caption - As seen.
[ Masterweb Reports: Bade Adebolu reports ] - Words of wisdom, is not often from the elders, it comes from those who know and can recognize it. Whatever has befallen our economy today can be attributed to the role that certain people who earlier opposed former finance minister, Dr (Mrs) Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. My people say that when the child falls, he simply looks forward to know where is going, but when the adult falls, he looks back to know where he slipped. The challenge one often has is that one’s critics can be so beclouded by ethno-political ambitions were hell-bent on falsifying or denying their role in history. These same people, who are nothing but shylocks and modern-day buccaneers, are out again in their usual blame game.
Let us take some of Okonjo-Iweala’s critics on the question of saving for the rainy day. Recently, these same individuals are out to eat their own words or go back to their vomits. After getting what they fought amorally for, they have now resulted to eating their own words!
No less a person that the All Progressives Congress (APC) national leader, Bola Ahmed Tinubu speaking to an august audience in 2013 made the following statement, “For instance, the accumulation of money by the Federal Government is a misplaced objective for these times. We have about $46 billion in foreign reserves earning about one or two per cent while we have about $42 billion in domestic debt on which the government is paying up to 16 per cent. This makes no sense and it crowds out the private sector borrowers and investors. Our driving purpose must be to channel idle human and material capacity into productive streams that furnish jobs and manufacture tangible goods bettering the living conditions of every citizen.”
He continues: “I believe in the national government saving money if it is for a purpose more than saving sake. For a government that prints its own currency, to save that currency for merely for saving’s sake is to accumulate worthless paper. Instead, our money must jumpstart development to enrich the broadest spectrum of the people. To say we are saving money for a rainy day while everyone is already drenched and wading through flood waters makes little sense to me.”
“We must shun the philosophy that says “better to save money and spend the people.” I say better to spend money and save people.” (Bola Tinubu, The Nation, March 08, 2013).
I read this statement from the opposition (as it was then) party leader and will you believe me if I told you that I was one of those who applauded this logic? As one who is a known disciple of famous economist, John Maynard Keynes, I had to swallow Tinubu’s opinion hook, line and sinker. Does he still hold this opinion?
Let us see what another former governor did during his time as River state Governor. Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi, rarely needs introduction. As recently as last year, while he held sway in Port Harcourt. He withdrew, in connivance with corrupt elements in the state House of Assembly a whopping sum of N19 billion from the state’s reserved fund. When confronted by the media, the speaker of the House, Rt Hon. Otelemaba Dan-Amachree, in defence of the Governor said:
“The request before us couldn’t have come at a better time. The essence of saving is for rainy days such as this. We are lucky that we are approving the governor to access funds that have been saved. These funds will be ploughed in ensuring that in line with the policy of government not to leave any project abandoned; government will channel these funds towards completing capital projects,”
Looking at these two men’s positions then and now, we will come to certain conclusions about them and the institutions they represent. First, both played important roles during the APC’s campaign in 2015. They were at the forefront of party propaganda disseminations. They will say just anything, climb any mountain, and go any low to see their party gets elected. They will pay any price, bear any burden, oppose any foe and even befriend any devil just to achieve their narrow ambitions.
These traditional critics, who told us that Okonjo-Iweala knows nothing about economic, are out again. They are now in power, yet have no idea of how to convert power for beneficial purposes. They are caught, tail within their legs of the lies they told the whole world. They ridiculously failed in fulfilling their electoral promises to Nigerians yet they look for scapegoats. Their most convenient scapegoat has so far been the former minister who has since gotten several international jobs keeping her busy since she voluntarily left the Nigerian public service a less than a year ago. These people want us to forget they told us lies, yet they want us to believe them.
Bade Adebolu is an accountant based in Ado-Ekiti. He can be reached on email@example.com
*Photo Caption - Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - I believe he would - I plead this bit of public space to tender my salutations to Attorney Femi Falana, SAN. Falana has stood out like a handful in Nigeria's history. He has rejected invitations to be part of corrupt administrations and turned down billions of Naira to continue advocating for truth and justice through thick and thin and from one administration to another.
Like the Gani Fawehinmis past and I dare say, in my young mind, a more relevant hero, I always am pleased to find when I am on the same side as Femi Falana's positions on national matters. In fact, sometimes to confirm I am on the right side, I search for Femi's comments on the matters.
Would Falana have resigned an appointment say as Attorney General? I strongly believe so. When Yushau Shuaib resigned as FOSSRA Consultant, I was not surprised. While perhaps not an angel, we all witnessed how Yushau fought Jonathan and Ngozi Okonjo Iweala during their reign.
It takes a real man of conscience to be able to stand up for truth and justice against those on his side and those who employ him. This is one reason why I always commended Rotimi Amaechi. The former governor of Rivers could have made peace with Jonathan and ignored Patience and remained in the halls of power and perhaps kept Jonathan there too. But before APC was, Amaechi was!, and in total rebellion.
Compare to persons like el-Rufai for instance, pathological political appointment dependents, who only amassed 'their' wealth and ever worked in government and who were a full part of the Obasanjo-Atiku grand corruption machine, and only when Yar'Adua and Jonathan had no love for him and Yar'Adua had the EFCC initiate probing him (before Jonathan forgot about that), did he become a 'rebel.'
I messaged Yushau Shuaib when he resigned to congratulate him on his liberty. There is no better state of human existence than knowing that you stand for justice and truth, pure and clean without fear or favor and without hypocrisy by political or partisan alliance.
Is there any way that you can make it up to those who have died as a result of the failures of a party or government that you are partial about? While you stay up at night believing in and being partisan about change, is there any thing or message you have for the relatives of those massacred by agencies of the government or bandits permitted by the government you refuse to criticize and condemn when and where due? Can you deliver change to known and unknown, marked and unmarked, single and mass graves?
I was impressed when Femi Falana warned Buhari not to take a loan from China with threats to sue the administration. And I was glad Buhari listened and refused to collect any loan. What I asked myself was, what would have happened had Femi Falana been AGF? We would have lost that safety guarantee perhaps...or would he have been advising and influencing Buhari on the inside?
As happened to Jonathan, Buhari has surrounded himself with nincompoops. Incompetent miseducated persons simply flabbergasted to be in power. This is why the Buhari government is failing so much and scoring so poorly in human rights. His bad company advises him not to talk about the Dalori massacre. Advices him to be silent as nomadic terrorists massacre across Nigeria. They shield him from advise of better elements in the government and outside, telling him everything is ok. The question is: would an employed Falana have been able to get past these hounds or would he have been frustrated and forced to retire in defense of his conscience?
Reading Falana's recent letter to Muhammadu Buhari, urging him to investigate the piling up human right violations under his government, I was pleased Falana is who Falana is. Thank God for such kings among men. Falana listed hundreds to thousands of killed Nigerians, from boys killed in Opgoni land by soldiers to others they killed in Abia and Zaria. From torture deaths to secret mass burials. From permission of nomadic terrorist deadly campaigns across Nigeria to election thuggery and malpractice perpetuated/encouraged by the ruling party/government.
When a good friend of mine, Nomoreloss, christened Muyiwa Osinuga, a rare talent who we feature regularly on Naija.Live radio, passed, so many suddenly remembered him and sang his praise. The contradiction of it actually caused a social media rumble with some accusing others of having 'forgotten' him while he lived.
It is common to celebrate our heroes only after they have passed. I celebrate a living hero of Nigeria today!
May God Bless And Preserve Femi Falana and Nigeria!!!
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Femi Falana