Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

 
[ Masterweb Reports: Comrade Ahmed Omeiza Lukman reports ] -As a vehicle is useless without the fuel likewise a state cannot be run in the absence of good governance. Good governance is a real drive behind a state’s development. It protects the human rights, delivers the justice, maintains law an order and provides equal opportunities to the masses. It delivers the fruits of progress and development to all and sundry. People of Kogi State can now enjoy equal rights under the good government of Alhaji Yahaya Adoza Bello. Minorities live freely and are now proud of their state of origin. No one now considers himself the owner of the state. Everyone, no matter how influential he is, have to follow due process and are treated on equal terms. Good governance means governing the people in a way that the interests of the people of all sections are preserved rightfully.  
 
 
The era of ethnicity and sectionalism is gone forever in Kogi State, the people of the state now see each other as one indivisible family. The cabals are angry with Governor Yahaya Bello, because he has opened the eyes of the masses to the untold hardship melted on them by the previous government. Who nurtured and breed ethnic hatred for over 17yrs and hide under it to enslave the people. Governor Yahaya Bello must be commended by all for having the gut to pull away from the old ways and ensure that the state is on the path of progress. The kind of rascals that have rule the state are now scared of their political future and so they are throwing everything to ensure that the government of Yahaya Bello sees no peace, but the people have resisted and their resolution will be deliver to the cabals during the 2019 general elections. The kind of characters that have held the state hostage are the ones who threaten to impregnate a distinguish senator of the Federal Republic. Honestly, on a moral ground, such a character should have been suspended by the red chamber, but as we all know, nothing seem good with 8th national assembly.
 
 
When all is said it can be concluded that the crisis, which is at the root of all other crises, is that good governance has arrived Kogi State and it must be sustained. Problems like poverty. Illiteracy, unemployment, corruption, energy crisis, water and food shortage that weakens our state is gradually coming to an end. In the gloomy scenario the previous government left the state, good governance is the dire need of the hour and Governor Yahaya Bello seems to be the answer for now.
 

Comrade Ahmed Omeiza Lukman
Former Chairman Nigeria Community In Ukraine
Email: lukahmed378@gmail.com
 
*Photo Caption - Governor Yahaya Bello
 

                     
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. C. K. Ekeke reports ] - July 18, 2017: Last week, the U.S. President Donald J. Trump travelled to Paris to celebrate France Bastille Day – also known as Independence or National Day. President Trump was invited by the young and emerging global leader, Emmanuel Macron, the 39-year old newly elected president of France.
 
According to historical records, the French Revolution 1787–1799 began when the commoners stormed the Bastille, a fortress used as a prison in Paris – demanding for social, political and economic reforms designed to eliminate the budget deficit by increasing the taxation of the privileged classes. The commoner and peasants joined to fight for freedom, justice, and liberty against the aristocrats. The efforts they made to enforce fiscal reforms in spite of resistance by the privileged classes led to the massive revolt and resistance against the aristocrats.
 
The protest and revolts waged by the commoners and peasants against the aristocrats during that era led to the weakening and dismantling of many corrupt social structures and political institutions against them.
 
It has been written that the French Revolution of the 18th century sparked numerous violent revolts against the corrupt political and social structures of the Western nations and around the world.
 
Before the French revolution, the United States of America was under the colonial rule of England.
 
According to historian and author of the "Concise History of America Revolution," Robert Allison, writes that:
 
America was not an independent country before 1776. Rather, it was a group of colonies that England controlled and many American Colonists did not want to be controlled by the British government anymore. The Colonists were unhappy for many reasons. They couldn't make their own laws or have their own government. Moreover, they are heavily taxed.
 
And so, in1770, many Colonists began to protest against British control in order to be free from England. In 1774, while the Colonists were preparing for revolution, one of their leaders, Thomas Jefferson wrote an important document called the "Declaration of Independence." In a nutshell, the Declaration stated "all men are created equal," and that everyone has "the right to life, liberty and happiness."
 
In 1775, War called the "Revolutionary War" broke out between the American colonies and England. Even though the British army was stronger, bigger and had more of everything, the American people did not give up. They fought with everything they had. Farmers, sailors, business owners, and teachers became soldiers and joined the war. Even many African American slaves joined to fight the British. Also American women helped during this time, too. They worked on the farms while the men fought. They also grew food, made clothes for the army, and took care of wounded soldiers. Other countries, like France, helped the Americans by sending soldiers or supplies.
 
The American people eventually won the war. Even though the war did not officially end until 1783, but on July 4th, 1776 the "Declaration of Independence" was signed. Representatives from all thirteen colonies signed the document. Today, Americans celebrate their freedom from England – also known as their Independence Day every year on July 4th with pomp and pride (emphasis added).
 
Human freedom and independence are highly cherished in the United States of America and most of the Western nations.
 
Because of this inherent desire to be free, throughout human history, people and nations have paid the ultimate price fighting for such freedoms and for their liberties. Millions have died fighting for freedom and in pursuit of justice. Nearly all wars that have been waged between peoples and nations have been for quest for freedom.
 
The Biblical Text teaches that Man was born free. Our Creator did not make Man to be a robot. Mankind was created to be free — and given the ability to make choices including the choice of whom to worship. The same Sacred Text also teaches that Jesus Christ was born into this world to free people from the bondages of self, sin, and slavery.
 
The Apostle Paul writes, "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by the yoke of slavery" – Galatians 5:1.
 
In Second Corinthians 3:17, he added this statement: "Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom."
 
Freedom is one of the central themes of the Bible and the most important value proposition of the Christian faith. Freedom is the essence of Christianity and it is what distinguishes it from all other religions on the planet.
 
Samuel Bowles, Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, said "the cause of freedom is the cause of God."
 
Being redeemed and set free from sin, self and Satan is the ultimate goal of Christian faith. Freedom in its true sense is a quality of God, just as love, grace, beauty, harmony, joy; abundance and peace are qualities of God.
 
Thomas Jefferson who wrote the "Declaration of Independence," once said, "The God who gave us life gave us liberty at the same time."
 
Therefore, freedom, liberty, and justice are the very nature and essence of who we are as human beings and as creation of God.
 
And because of this innate nature of mankind to be free, human beings have always fought with all their might to be free.
 
For instance, the major part of the 16th and 17th centuries witnessed an astonishing moments in the history of human race as nations battled for freedom. The empires of — Babylon, Rome, Ottoman, Greece, etc., conquered and ruled the world during their time because of their strength and power.
 
In the 20th century, human race also witnessed numerous revolutions and wars — the partition and sharing of Africa by the French, British, Portuguese, Arabs, and Africa fight for Independence from her colonial masters. Several world wars and civil wars led to conquest and collapse of empires and tyrannical regimes and despotic rulers such as the fall of Adolf Hitler of Germany, Mussolini of Italy, Idi Amin of Uganda and the collapse of the communist Soviet Union and the rise of America as the main super power today.
 
It would be hard to overstate the significance of freedom for the affected nations or the world in general. For years, philosophers, scholars and thinkers have argued and debated that human freedom is the supreme value of the human soul. It is the yearning of every human heart – whether poor or rich. All human beings possess the same intrinsic desire – to be free, to pursue unalienable rights such as life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness because the human spirit is endowed by its Creator with the desire to be free to pursue life, joy, peace and prosperity. In nutshell, freedom is the ultimate pursuit of the human spirit.
 
Because of the supreme value of freedoms and liberties, the United Nations produced a document called: "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected."
 
It recognizes the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
 
For instance:
 
Article (1) affirms that: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood."
 
Article (3) states that: "Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person."
 
Article (9) states that: "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile."
 
Read more on the thirty articles here: http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/
 
Today, the United States of America is the champion of that freedom and liberty worldwide. Human freedom is the greatest ideal of the American society and the essence and beauty of their democracy. It is also the glory of free-market society economy. And that is the ideal that attracts millions of people around the world to emigrate and seek refuge in the United States.
 
For instance, in their most famous and sacrosanct document – the Constitution, there is a sticking paragraph that is idolized by every single American and it reads:
 
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness"
 
In his 1963 speech, President John F. Kennedy, said, "The cost of freedom is always high but Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose and that is the path of surrender, or submission."
 
Despite America’s and Western nations love for freedom, they rarely support such freedoms in Africa and other third world countries.
 
In Africa, the battle for freedom has not be different. In fact, the quest to be free has claimed millions of lives and continues to claim lives today. Millions have been massacred while agitating for freedom. Such freedoms as — freedom of speech, religious freedom, social freedoms, economic freedoms, political freedoms, freedom from bondage, captivity, and servitude, freedom to think, freedom of dialogue, freedom of association, freedom to protest, etc.
 
In the 1950’s and 60’s, most African nations fought for their freedom and independence from their colonial masters — mostly Britain, France, Portugal, Italy and the Arabs.
 
Thousands were slaughtered fighting for independence from their colonial slave masters and their imposed totalitarian regimes. Others gave up their freedom for a life of bondage and servitude instead of imprisonment and mass murder by their tyrannical and fanatical rulers.
 
The struggle for freedom and independence reminds of me of Nigeria’s long battle for her own independence from Britain in the late 50’s. Nigeria’s independence was granted due to sustained national grievances of nationalist leaders against the British system of indirect rule.
 
In 1960, Nigeria became an independent nation. However, ethnic bias and hatred, political instability, bad leadership, systemic injustice, radical religious ideology, intolerance and violence quickly marred the nation's prospect for genuine development and progress.
 
Soon after, the variants groups that were amalgamated as Nigerians discovered that they not the same people. Their vast cultural, social, linguistic, religious differences and political divide led to several riots, violence and the orchestrated genocide and ethnic cleansing and extermination of Igbos in the North and South-west regions of Nigeria. Igbo men, women and children were slaughtered like animals and their stinking lifeless bodies were transported in cargo trucks and dumped in the Eastern region.
 
The events of that turbulent period led to the political crisis, political instability, tribal and religious killings, military coups and counter coups, that eventually led to unforgettable genocidal civil war of 1967-70 which decimated more than three million Biafran lives – mostly women and children, which has left so much bitterness, anger and hatred among the major tribes of Nigeria.
 
Since then the Nigerian people have not enjoyed any freedom, human rights, political peace and national prosperity but poverty, torture, violence, and killings.
 
Today, Nigerians hate one another so passionately. There is enormous ethnic hatred among the three major tribes: Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo. There is too much envy, anger, and bitterness amongst them.
 
Currently, there is a renewed agitation for an independent State of Biafra. The corrupt political leadership, Arewa Youths, selfish Nigerians and coward citizens are currently wagging their tongues and threatening another war against Igbos even when Biafra youths are peacefully seeking self-determination through referendum as enshrined in the United Nations Charter General Assembly Resolution of September 2007 – articles 1 and 2, and article 20 of the African Charter on human rights recognizing and supporting the rights of all ethnic nations and peoples have the unquestionable and inalienable rights to self-determination of which Nigeria is a signatory to.
 
Moreover, the Indigenous People of Biafra and Biafra youths are peacefully exercising their constitutional rights of freedom of speech and peaceful assembly.
 
According to United Nations Charter General Assembly Resolution (A/61/295) of September 2007:
 
"Self-determination" is the principle and practice whereby an ethnic group, for example, an ethnic nation is in control of its own people, its own land, its own resources, and its own governance, independent of any other subtending political structure. "
 
Nigeria is a member of United Nations Body and signatory to that resolution. Although referendum, which is the means to self-determination is not a stipulation in the 1999 constitution like the earlier version 1979; however, constitutional freedoms of speech and expression as enshrined in the Nigerian law, do not forbid anyone from canvassing peaceful self-government which in any event is legally permissible under diverse international humanitarian laws including the Covenant on Civil and political Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human rights (UDHR) which Nigeria as a United Nations member signed on to.
 
Therefore, the agitation for an independent State of Biafra is proper and fulfills the requirements of the United Nations Charter on self-determination.
 
Self-determination is not a call for war. Britain did not declare war on Scotland when the Scottish MP called for referendum. Spain did not call for war when Catalonia called for self-determination and referendum. Canada has not declared war on Quebec for calling for independence from Canada. European Union (EU) did not declare war on United Kingdom when she voted to exit European Union.
 
Why is Biafra call for self-determination and referendum being perceived as call for war? It is not a declaration of sovereign State of Biafra as was in the case in 1967 when Emeka Odumegwu Ojuwkwu declared succession from Nigeria because Gowon and his northern leaders reneged on Aburi accord. Gowon then declared war against Biafra.
 
The quest for a sovereign State of Biafra is an issue the federal government must tackle with dialogue and try to negotiate with IPOB and its leadership rather than resort to killing the youths and applying force to stop the fire the Nigerian State will not be able to quench. Nigerian government, perhaps, has not realized or read from history that agitation for human rights, freedom, liberty, and justice cannot be quashed with military force – China, Egypt, Tunisia, and even Turkey today are examples where courageous citizens stood their ground to fight for their freedoms and defend democracy.
 
The Southeast and South-south is currently under siege. On several occasions, peaceful and unarmed young Biafran protesters have been shot and massacred for exercising their fundamental human rights. There are seemingly abuses of rule of law and human rights abuses against the former Eastern region. Biafran people are denied from exercising their fundamental human rights of peaceful protest and quest self-determination through referendum as enshrined in the United Nations charter of 2007.
 
Why has human freedoms and human rights, which are the highest ideals of the Western societies and essence of who we are as human beings remained a mirage and illusive and difficult to attain in Africa despite the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights document? Even now in the 21st century and with the explosion of information technology and social media platforms, the struggle for freedom remains one of the horniest issues of our time for Africans – Nigeria being a case-in-point.
 
In the early 2011, the United Nations and African Union facilitated a referendum in Sudan that eventually divided the country into North and South Sudan after much bloodshed.
 
We do not want bloodshed in Nigeria because it will devastate entire Africa and impact global economy.
 
Since the 1990’s, we have seen nations that have peacefully divided without war.
 
1. Former Soviet Union: between 1989 and 1990s divided into 15 republic—Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Russia, Uzbekistan, Moldova, Ukraine, Belorussia, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Kirgizia.
 
2. Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ended in 1991 and 6 countries—Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (including the regions of Kosovo and Vojvodina) and Slovenia. Today, those six nations are prospering in peace.
 
3. Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1991 and Eritrea were granted rights to its own government. In fact, today Ethiopia and Eritrea are living in peace, harmony, and prospering.
 
4. Quebec is currently asking from independence from Canada.
 
6. Scotland is asking for independence from Britain.
 
7. Catalonia is seeking self-determination from Spain and will conduct referendum soon.
 
8. And finally, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet – all these nations used to part of the Indian empire in the past before they were peacefully separated.
 
So why is the United Nations, an organization formed to defend human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples lackadaisical and ignoring Biafra? Why is Biafra’s case different — a region that covers a total area of almost 30,000 square miles, thus almost as big as Gambia and Sierra Leone put together, bigger than Togo, Rwanda and Burundi combined, and is four times the size of many countries in the world.
 
The United Nations and global powers must mediate in Nigeria versus Biafra situation. Biafra is demanding self-determination through referendum. She must be granted that desire to vote if her people want to remain in Nigeria or be a separate nation. Scotland was granted that wish – even though those against separation from United Kingdom won. Scotland is planning to conduct a second referendum. Last year, United Kingdom voted to exit European Union (BREXIT). Catalonia will soon conduct a referendum to decide whether to remain in Spain or be a different country.
 
Biafra’s quest for freedom must not be different? The Biafran people must not remain in perpetual bondage and slavery in Nigeria by force. The State of Biafra cannot continue to remain in an adulterous and violent marriage. The Biafran people — an indigenous people of seventy million are capable to control its own people, its own land, its own resources, and its own governance, independent of any other subtending political structure. Moreover, Biafra’s quest for an independent State fulfills the requirements of the United Nations Charter for self-determination.
 
It will be sheer hypocrisy if the same rights, privileges and resolution enacted by United Nations of which Nigeria is a signatory to, that have been carried out in other regions of the world, but will not be effected in Nigeria. Is Nigeria above international law? It will be pure hypocrisy and cowardice on the part of the United Nations and global powers if self-determination by means of referendum is not granted to the people of Biafra.
 
The world knows quite well that the amalgamation of various ethnicities to create Nigeria in 1914 was an indescribable mistake. The amalgamation was a forced union and the colonial contract has expired since 2014. Moreover, for over 100 years, millions of Biafrans have been maimed, tortured, raped, imprisoned, enslaved, marginalized and massacred in Nigeria.
 
Just last week, the Arewa elder and spokesperson, Prof. Ango Abdullahi said:
 
"There is nothing sacrosanct about the unity of Nigeria as one indivisible entity because it is a mere human creation. I have never seen anything absurd as insisting that this country is indivisible. "Nigeria is not God’s creation; it is Lugard’s creation. Lugard was a colonial adventurer who came and conquered us. It was not God that sent him to come and conquer Nigeria. And it wasn’t God that asked him to structure Nigeria the way he did. We sat down and decided that we wanted to live together, even after the amalgamation."
 
In the past, some of the Founding Fathers have made the following statements about Nigeria:
 
Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa in 1948 said:
 
"Since 1914 the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any signs of willingness to unite … "Nigerian unity is only a British invention.".
 
In 1947, Chief Awolowo said:
 
"Nigeria is not a nation. It is a mere geographical expression. "There are no ‘Nigerians’ in the same sense as there are ‘English,’ ‘Welsh,’ or ‘French.’ "The word ‘Nigeria’ is a mere distinctive appellation to distinguish those who live within the boundaries of Nigeria and those who do not."
 
In 1964, Dr. Azikiwe said:
 
"It is better for us and many admirers abroad that we should disintegrate in peace and not in pieces. "Should the politicians fail to heed the warning, then I will venture the prediction that the experience of the Democratic Republic of Congo will be a child’s play if it ever comes to our turn to play such a tragic role."
 
It is time the United Nations and global powers end Nigeria forced amalgamation and false unity. Nigeria will never be one. Nigeria does not have shared value system, patriotic principles, religious and political ideologies to be one country. Nigeria will never genuinely develop and proposer as a nation without peaceful division of the country. The systemic injustice, economic strangulation, political oppression, religious intolerance, ethnic hatred and envy against the people of Biafra are unacceptable, intolerable, unbearable, and insufferable.
 
An independent State of Biafra may be the only suitable solution to fix Nigeria’s corrupt political system, lawlessness and failed institutions. Freedom for Biafran people will be freedom for other indigenous populations and freedom for millions of young Biafrans from unemployment, poverty, disease, and hopelessness.
 
Biafrans want to be freed from subjugation, oppression, marginalization, mediocrity, incompetence, jihadism, tyranny, poverty, disease, and hopelessness of Nigeria. Biafrans are tired of living in bondage, slavery and servitude. It is time for Biafran people to live in freedom, liberty, justice, pursuit of happiness and prosperity like other civilized peoples and nations.
 
France and especially Americans have a holy hatred for tyrants, dictatorship and destroyers of the human freedom. Every July, the U.S., Canada, France, etc. celebrate their Independence Day and reflect on their fight for freedom and battle for liberty.
 
It is time Western powers support to liberate Biafra from bondage, slavery, Islamic radicalism and jihad in Nigeria. It is time International Community – United Nations, United States of America and others intervene to give the Indigenous People of Biafra – a nation of seventy million people, a State of their own. It is time to dismantle Nigeria and free unarmed Biafran people from looming civil war that will have devastating consequences on Africa and global economy. It is time to end slavery of Biafrans in Nigeria and free her to compete like other nations in the world. It is time to liberate and free Biafran people from ethnic hatred, systemic injustice, economic strangulation, political oppression, religious violence, and radical Islamic political ideology of the Nigerian State.
 

C. K. Ekeke ( Email: cfsnl@yahoo.com ), Ph. D., is a theologian, author, consultant, and leadership scholar and lecturer.
 
*Photo Caption - Map of Defunct Republic of Biafra

 

 

[ Masterweb Reports: Press Release For Immediate Release ] - The Malian Ministry of Culture and the Institut français, co-producers of the Rencontres de Bamako, announce the artists and collectives selected to take part in the Pan-African exhibition of this 11th edition, entitled Afrotopia.

 
40 proposals have been selected from more than 300 applications from artists based across the continent of Africa or in its diasporas. The selection committee was composed of the Artistic Director, Marie-Ann Yemsi, Delegate-General of the Rencontres de Bamako, Samuel Sidibé as well as members of the Curatorial Advisory Committee, Sammy Baloji, Olfa Feki, Rébecca Lamarche-Vadel, Lekgetho James Makola, Aïda Muluneh, and Azu Nwagbogu.
 
The Pan-African exhibition at the National Museum of Mali represents the heart of the event. The Rencontres also take place at various locations throughout the city of Bamako, such as the Musée du District and the Institut français. The complete programme of exhibitions and events will be announced at a later date.
 
Full list in alphabetical order:
 
Neil BELOUFA (France - Algeria) (South Africa)
Zied BEN ROMDHANE (Tunisia)
Girma BERTA Sibusiso BHEKA
BLACK ATHENA COLLECTIVE
Heba Y. AMIN (Egypt), Dawit L. PETROS (Eritrea / Canada)
CAIRO BATS COLLECTIVE
Mai AL SHAZLY (Egypt), Yvonne BUCHHEIM (Germany), Magdalena KALLENBERGER (Germany), Hagar MASOUD (Egypt), Nadia MOUNIER (Egypt), Omneia NAGUIB (Egypt)
Joana CHOUMALI (Ivory Coast)
Julien CREUZET (France)
Mounir FATMI (France - Morocco)
Gabrielle GOLIATH (South Africa)
Eric GYAMFI (Ghana)
Délio JASSE (Angola)
Lola KEYEZUA (Angola)
Youcef KRACHE (Algeria)
Michael MCGARRY (South Africa)
Fototala King MASSASSY (Mali)
Teddy MAZINA (Burundi)Baudouin MOUANDA (Republic of the Congo)
Joseph MOURA (DR Congo) 
Qudus ONIKEKU (Nigeria)
Alain POLO (DR Congo)
Athi-Patra RUGA (South Africa)
Fethi SAHRAOUI (Algeria)
Christian SANNA (Madagascar - France)
Zina SARO-WIWA (Nigeria)
Bogosi SEKHUKHUNI (South Africa)
(DR Congo)Sarah WAISWA (Uganda - Kenya)
* * *
Organised by the Malian Ministry of Culture and the Institut français, the Rencontres de Bamako are the main event devoted to contemporary photography and new forms of imagery in Africa.
 
 
A platform for discovery, dialogue and visibility, they are a key opportunity for presenting African photographers and offer a moment of dialogue with the Malian
public and with professionals from all over the world.
 
 
Since it was created in 1994, the Bamako Biennale has become a major feature of cultural life in Africa and amongst its diaspora. It has contributed to revealing African photography and bringing it to the forefront of economic and social development. Many renowned photographers (such as Malick Sidibé, Pieter Hugo, Samuel Foso and more recently Baudouin Mounda, Kiripi Katembo, Mimi Cherono, Lebohang Kganye and Omar Victor Diop) who were discovered at Bamako have since developed international careers, and are now represented in the fairs, galleries, and collections of great institutions all over the world.
After Bamako, the 11th Rencontres will be shown in April 2018 in the Netherlands in partnership with the Museum of World Culture.

Media Contact:
Leslie Compan
Email: lcompan@brunswickgroup.com

*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Bashir Abba Sharif reports ] - By the sanctity of its hummer, the Supreme Court has, at long last, decisively decided on the overstretched litigation between the two warring factions of the People`s Democratic Party. Delivered recently, the judgment has it that the Makarfi faction is the authentic and therefore legitimate leadership of the crisis ridden party, consigning the claim of Ali Modu Sharff to the domain of history. Needless to say, the judgment is both exciting and nostalgic, with many celebrating what many lament. After all, as democracy is a matter of choice, the court also has to decide one way or the other.
 
However, beyond the sadness and joy of those that stand by their entitled preference, the import of the judgment is significant for many reasons. In the first place, it abhors and moved to curtail, more than ever, the absurd manipulation by our politicians to exploit the inherent weaknesses of the judicial process by blatantly using technicalities, including moving from one court to another on same issue, to unduly delay proceedings knowing that they will remain in office for as long as the case lasts. More often than not, this attitude forces the court to give technical instead of substantial social justice, leaving the victim with the feeling of being robbed of justice and, as a result, the motivation to explore other means to express dissent, to regain and emphasize self respect.
 
Secondly, it adds value to the unique position of the judiciary in having the last word in all disputes. The Supreme Court has now implanted in the doubting Thomas that it can mediate conflicts before they subvert, with impunity, the rule of law. It is instructive that, by the immediate gesture of Ali Modu, the ruling remains, even if outwardly, accepted as sacrosanct while Makarfi has taken over the affairs of the party without any hindrance or encumbrances, making the PDP the overall winner. The party now has the chance to develop a coherent representative template that can shape and channel popular preferences into government.
 
Thirdly, the judgment impliedly admonished party stakeholders that the era of impunity, where imposition and excessive use of money held sway, should be phased out if democracy were to be deepened in the country. Lesson is now learnt that, irrespective of real and imagined profile, the PDP must now reconstruct its legitimation and the basis on which to seek for power again. It must be sufficiently democratic, in all manners and characteristics, to not only justify its appellation but also the trust and confidence that every political party yearns for.
 
Assuming that the PDP would do the needful, including taking a little more than its share of the blame for loading an inept administration over the country before now, apologize for the catastrophic consequences and regain the confidence of Nigerians, it can pose serious challenges to the ruling All Progressives Congress in some states.
Admittedly, the President Muhammadu Buhari administration has, within the two years it has been in office, recorded monumental achievements that, for a long time to come, will remain indelible on the minds of Nigerians. Even by international standard, the administration is being commended for substantially subduing the insurgency that, before now, had forcefully taken control of the North East, apart from catastrophic strikes on soft targets across the country like Friday congregation at Kano Central mosque. We can also notice how, by serious commitment, the administration elevated our food security situation to over 75% from mere 26% during the former administration. Other areas where it has, to the delight of many, done so well, in spite of institutional odds, include the anti-corruption crusade, Single Treasury Account regime and gradual control over the economy.
 
However, what one finds in some of the APC states is lack of moderation, that licenses abuse of power and flagrant disregard for due process and the rule of law. Out of this scenario, a bizarre dichotomy of wholesome and half cast members is wantonly created, where the former are being involved wholesomely and the later disregarded and denied what legitimately belongs to them. Indeed, the situation of the half cast members of the party is a metaphor of a recalcitrant child destined to be cramped and diminished. With the assumed PDP resurrection, the half cast in those states are most likely to bring their current situation into focus, and decide how they can survive and become relevant.
 
Sounding simplistic, this challenge is real and must therefore not be taken lightly by the APC, especially as the states in question cannot again ride the waves that they did not initiate, at the time of need.
 
Bashir Abba Sharif
HOPE NETWORK OF NIGERIA
N0 4C, Marhaba Road, Farm Center, Kano.
Email: bashirabbashariff@gmail.com
 
*Photo Caption – PDP logo   
 
 

 
[ Masterweb Reports: Comrade Ahmed Omeiza Lukman reports ] - As a vehicle is useless without the fuel likewise a state cannot be run in the absence of good governance. Good governance is a real drive behind a state’s development. It protects the human rights, delivers the justice, maintains law an order and provides equal opportunities to the masses. It delivers the fruits of progress and development to all and sundry. People of Kogi state can now enjoy equal rights under the good government of Alhaji Yahaya Adoza Bello. Minorities live freely and are now proud of their state of origin. No one now considers himself the owner of the state. Everyone, no matter how influential he is, have to follow due process and are treated on equal terms. Good governance means governing the people in a way that the interests of the people of all sections are preserved rightfully.
 
 



The era of ethnicity and sectionalism is gone forever in Kogistate, the people of the state now see each other as one indivisible family. The cabals are angry with Governor Yahaya Bello, because he has opened the eyes of the masses to the untold hardship melted on them by the previous government. Who nurtured and breed ethnic hatred for over 17yrs and hide under it to enslave the people. Governor Yahaya Bello must be commended by all for having the gut to pull away from the old ways and ensure that the state is on the path of progress. The kind of rascals that have rule the state are now scared of their political future and so they are throwing everything to ensure that the government of Yahaya Bello sees no peace, but the people have resisted and their resolution will be deliver to the cabals during the 2019 general elections. The kind of characters that have held the state hostage are the ones who threaten to impregnate a distinguish senator of the Federal Republic.

 
 
Honestly, on a moral ground, such a character should have been suspended by the red chamber, but as we all know, nothing seem good with 8th national assembly.
When all is said it can be concluded that the crisis, which is at the root of all other crises, is that good governance has arrived Kogistate and it must be sustained. Problems like poverty. Illiteracy, unemployment, corruption, energy crisis, water and food shortage that weakens our state is gradually coming to an end. In the gloomy scenario the previous government left the state, good governance is the dire need of the hour and Governor Yahaya Bello seems to be the answer for now.
 
 
Comrade Ahmed Omeiza Lukman
Former Chairman Nigeria Community In Ukraine
Email: lukahmed@yahoo.com
 
*Photo Caption - Governor Yahaya Bello

[  Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports  ] - It has become a pastime for me to write about political parties and movements since I submitted my first degree dissertation, Political Parties and Democratization: The Effects of Party Politics on Nigeria's Democratic Experience (2003-2011) at the Department of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife in 2012. My fascinations with political parties and elections started when I worked as a polling clerk, in a ward at Itire (in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos state) during the 2003 general elections which gave me insights into the drama of politicians (then in the old Alliance for Democracy, AD, and People's Democratic Party, PDP) and elections. Writing about political parties and elections has become some sorts of hubby for me.
 
I gave this background against the request by someone who wondered why I am "always attacking the PDP" in all my write-ups. My response to him was that I never attack the PDP or any other political party for that matter unfairly at any time. I point out what they are not doing well for them to improve and commend when they are getting it right so that our democracy can thrive!
 
Before the "victory" (which I will call a Pyrrhic victory for obvious reasons) about a week ago, I was among the first commentators to warn PDP about making Ali Modu Sheriff its National Chairman. Understandably, blind party supporters who thought Governors Ayodele Fayose and Nyelsom Wike could do no wrong told me to mind my business which I did immediately after writing the article, PDP, WHO STOLE THY THINKING CAP? What happened later, as they say, is history!
 
After the "victory" I want to sound another warning. If the news making the rounds is anything to go by that Femi Fani-Kayode is interested in becoming the party Chair, I submit that things can only get worse, not better, for the crises-ridden party. Some people will ask or wonder why I made this point. Like Modu Sheriff, people like FFK, as he is fondly called by his supporters, are motivated by blind and unregulated ambition for power, money and in most cases, women. Femi does not hide the fact that a bowl of porridge is just enough to sell his birth right. Like Sheriff, he is a bad market for the already "brandless" PDP.
 
I am one of those who still maintain that one of the main reasons former President Goodluck Jonathan lost the 2015 presidential election is FFK. GEJ's appointment of someone like FFK to handle his media in a make or mar election like 2015 made things easier for the All Progressive Congress (APC) to unseat the PDP. It was goofing after goofing for the Ife man. He got nothing right and got everything wrong. The only thing he's good at is insults, which has never won any arguments. Let me make this clear that the APC 2015 presidential campaign was not spectacular in any way but was made easier by poor agents like FFK.
 
Also, FFK as far as I know him has never headed any responsible party position successfully. He headed the 2015 GEJ media team which led to disaster. The Aviation ministry he headed is better not talked about. His profile in party management is nothing to write home about. Let me not bring in his father, Remi Fani-Kayode. That's another story altogether!
 
Another candidate jostling for the position is Chief Bode George. I understand apart from his military career, he's played active roles in PDP for several years. He's also, from what I know, a loyal party man. Unlike FFK who can sell the party when its members are asleep if the price is right. George, was elected as PDP Deputy National Chairman (South) which makes him understand the internal workings of the party.
 
The greatest George's undoing is his conviction for Corruption. Even though he was later pardoned by GEJ after being cleared disappointingly by the Supreme Court, many still see him as integrity-challenged. This was why I posted some days ago that the difference between George and FFK is like trying to look for the eldest among puppies.
 
While I think PDP will struggle hard to convince most Nigerians that it's no longer the looting party it's known to be should it elect Bode George, electing FFK will bury the party earlier than predicted!
 
Olalekan Waheed ADIGUN ( Tel: +2348136502040, +2347081901080;Email: olalekan@olalekanadigun.com  adgorwell@gmail.com ) is a political analyst and an independent political strategist for a range of individuals, organisations and campaigns. He lives in Lagos, Nigeria.
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Masterweb Reports: Emma Elekwa reports ] - A woman and her two-week-old baby has escaped unhurt when flood wrecked havoc in Onitsha, the commercial city of Anambra state and environs, following a heavy torrential downpour in the area.
 
Daily Trust gathered that the rain which lasted for about two hours yesterday, pushed down fences and destroyed documents and property worth thousands of Naira.
 
The victim, Ngozika Ibe, who resides in Dumumudu street, Odoakpu, said she had to hand over her tender baby to neighbours residing upstairs to enable her scoop the water which had already submerged her apartment.
 
According to the woman, her property such as mattresses, cooking utensils and certificates were floating on the flood which was already at above-knee level till about 2 am.
 
She blamed the disaster on indiscriminate dumping of waste by residents, stressing the need for proper disposal of refuse to forestall future occurrences.
 
Another victim, Ikenna Ogbaji, described the rain as the highest in the area in the past five years, attributing it to blockage of drainage channels.
 
He advocated imprisonment for anyone caught dumping refuse into drainage channels.
 
On her part, Mrs. Hope Ogah, a petty trader, revealed that the flood carried away the wares she bought recently, soliciting government's assistance to enable them start afresh.
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

 
[ Masterweb Reports: Femi Adesina reports ] - There is nothing new under the sun, goes a popular saying. In fact, the more things seem to change, the more they appear the same. From time immemorial, some people have spoken evil of leadership, cast aspersions on them, and generally portrayed themselves as scum of the earth. No matter how a country loves its leader, there will naturally be those that the Good Book calls “filthy dreamers” who “despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.” That is why as spokesman to President Muhammadu Buhari, I never respond to such people. Their type would always be around.
 
President Buhari has been indisposed since the beginning of the year. It is human, and presidents, despite their elevated status, remain human. If there is anybody who considers himself 100 percent healthy, or who bears what William Shakespeare calls “a charmed life,” let that person stand up to be identified. All mortals are doomed to sickness, they can recover, and they can die. That is the truth that has been internalised by millions of people praying for the recovery of our President. And that is where the shallowness, vacuousness, and hollowness of people who wish the President dead, and carry unfounded rumours, is on stark display. Filthy dreamers. They speak evil of dignities, and despise dominion. But we forgive them, for they know not what they do. When President Buhari returns (as God would make him do) where would they hide their faces? In shame.
 
Now, I started by saying we would always have scumbags around. It is inevitable. They are the descendants of Shimei, the son of Gera, whom I want to introduce to you now. 
 
Who is Shimei? Well, I met him on the pages of the Good Book, and he bears striking similitude to some people in our country today. The evil wishers, the hate mongers, and those who spend their days conjecturing tragedy for leadership.
 
Absalom, the son of King David, had led an insurrection against his father. And the king of Israel fled, with some of his supporters in tow. As David got to a place called Bahurim, the Holy Bible records that Shimei, the son of Gera, a man of the family of Saul, came out, and started cursing the fleeing king. You don’t kick a man that is down, goes a saying, but Shimei not only cursed David, he also threw dust and stones at him. It was a show of shame.
 
David had succeeded Saul as king of Israel. And Shimei was from the family of Saul (read, People’s Democratic Party, PDP). Shimei hadn’t forgotten the bloody nose the family of Saul got, when the kingship was taken away from them, and given to David. So when the latter got into a time of travail, no pity at all from people still smarting from bloody noses.
Who is Shimei? Well, I met him on the pages of the Good Book, and he bears striking similitude to some people in our country today. The evil wishers, the hate mongers, and those who spend their days conjecturing tragedy for leadership.
The All Progressives Congress (APC), inspired by Muhammadu Buhari, halted the 60-year pipe dream of PDP at the polls in 2015. Has the latter forgotten? No, they won’t forget till  forever. But so much is the animus, the antipathy towards the President that they wish him dead. While millions of Nigerians are praying, some elements are rejoicing, and imagining evil. But they forget: man is not God, and Jehovah always has the final say. The descendants of Shimei need to learn vital lessons from their forebear.
 
As the base fellow assaulted the fleeing king, Abishai, one of David’s mighty men, said:”Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? Let me go over and take off his head.”(2 Samuel, 16:9). But David restrained him, saying if God had not permitted Shimei, he could not have done what he was doing.
 
President Buhari has tolerated people who have called him all sorts of names in the past two years. If he didn’t move against them directly, he could have allowed many Abishais to move against them, “and take off their heads.” But not our President, a reformed democrat, a pious man, who has resolved to leave the people suffused by hatred unto God. And will they get their just desserts one day? As night follows the day, they will. If not from man, they will get it from God. Their forefather, Shimei did. He reaped what he sowed.
 
After some time, the rebellion led by Absalom was crushed by loyal troops, and David regained the throne. As he headed back into the city, who came to meet the king, with one thousand of his relatives, pleading for mercy? Shimei. The Yorubas say the same mouth that the snail used to abuse the gods, is what it uses to lick the dusts of the earth. Shimei had suddenly become gentle. And humble, too. He fell down before David, and said:”I have sinned. Have mercy on me. Don’t remember what I did against you on the day you went out of Jerusalem.”
Heh, on a certain day, some people would come to prostrate, begging for mercy, asking President Buhari to forgive and forget. What will the President do? What did David do? Abishai said again to King David:”Let me bring down the head of this man, who cursed, and threw stones at you?”
 
But David said to Shimei:”Thou shall not surely die.” And the king swore unto him.But did Shimei live happily ever after? Old sins, they say, have long shadows. Before David died, he instructed Solomon his son, who succeeded him, not to forget to deal with Shimei. At least, David had kept his part of the bargain not to kill Shimei.
 

Heh, on a certain day, some people would come to prostrate, begging for mercy, asking President Buhari to forgive and forget. What will the President do? What did David do? Abishai said again to King David:”Let me bring down the head of this man, who cursed, and threw stones at you?”
 

What did Solomon do? He restricted Shimei to Jerusalem, adding that any day he went out of the city would be his last on earth. Days, weeks, and months went by. Shimei remained gentle. But on a certain day, two servants belonging to him ran away to Gath, another city. Shimei saddled his horses, and led his men to bring back the servants. He had received mercy from David, but he couldn’t show mercy to the servants. Mercy begets mercy.The story was told to Solomon. Shimei has left Jerusalem. He went to Gath, contrary to your instructions. It was time for judgment. Solomon commanded that what Abishai had long wanted to do should be done to Shimei. And his head was brought down.
 
Will the descendants of Shimei repent, turn a new leaf, and become human? Will they recognize their own mortality? He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he that is filthy, let him be filthy still. He that is overtaken by hate, let him remain hateful still. Behold, I come quickly, and my reward is with me, to give to every man according as his work shall be.
 
Let the descendants of Shimei who have ears to hear please hear. There is recompense for evil, and there is also recompense for good.
 
Adesina is Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to President Buhari 
 
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari - LEFT; Femi Adesina - RIGHT
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Emma Elekwa reports ] - Ahead of the October 1 Arewa youth quit notice deadline, the Movement for the Actualisation of Sovereign State Biafra (MASSOB) has declared August a month of mass return for Igbo living in the northern parts of the country.
 
The group said the choice of August was informed by its significance in Igbo calendar as the period for new yam festival and women's August meeting.
 
In a statement issued yesterday by MASSOB's National Information Officer, Samuel Edesonu, and made available to our correspondent in Awka, the group said the decision was taken at its national executive meeting presided over by MASSOB leader, Uchenna Madu.
 
The group charged the Igbo, especially women, to persuade their loved ones, including their husbands and children to take advantage of the period to come back home, assuring that Biafra Intelligence Agency had been deployed to the northern Nigeria for monitoring of the situation.
 
It called on the Eze Ndigbo in the 19 Northern States to commence the compilation of names, residential addresses and villages/towns of all Igbo living in their respective northern cities, adding that such data collation of the people should end on 10th of September 2017.
 
The statement read in part," The Movement for the Actualization of Sovereign state of Biafra (MASSOB) after our National Executive meeting that was presided by our leader, Comrade Uchenna Madu resolved as follows:
 
"That in continuation of our earlier stand and position on the quit notice order to the people of Biafra by Arewa people which will elapse on Oct 1st, MASSOB insists and beckons on Biafrans living in Arewa land to intensify efforts in relocating their families back home.
 
"That MASSOB have resolved that the month of August being a significant month of special festivals of Iri ji (New yam) and Women August meeting in Igbo land, MASSOB have declared this the month of August 2017, a special month of mass return for all Igbos living in Northern Nigeria.
 
"That MASSOB also mandated all married Igbo women living in Northern Nigeria to start intimating their husbands about the dangers of staying in Arewa land which no longer guaranteed their safeties. They should also intensify their pressure on their husbands concerning the Mass return in this next month.
 
"That after the September 10th deadline for this compilation, MASSOB will embark on investigation of all the Eze Ndigbo in northern cities to ascertain their levels of participation in this ancestral order.
 
"That MASSOB urge the Eze Ndigbo in northern cities to carry out this compilation of our kinsmen data as a native and ancestry exercise. We appeal to them not to betray this acts of nobility because of their individual's interest or favor from Hausa Fulani.
 
"That MASSOB under the leadership of Comrade Uchenna Madu will continue undeterred in nonviolence pursuant of Biafra actualization and restoration".
 
*Photo Caption - Map of Igboland

 
[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. C. K. Ekeke reports ] - Last week, the U.S. President Donald J. Trump travelled to Paris to celebrate France Bastille Day – also known as Independence or National Day. President Trump was invited by the young and emerging global leader, Emmanuel Macron, the 39-year old newly elected president of France.
 
According to historical records, the French Revolution 1787–1799 began when the commoners stormed the Bastille, a fortress used as a prison in Paris – demanding for social, political and economic reforms designed to eliminate the budget deficit by increasing the taxation of the privileged classes. The commoner and peasants joined to fight for freedom, justice, and liberty against the aristocrats. The efforts they made to enforce fiscal reforms in spite of resistance by the privileged classes led to the massive revolt and resistance against the aristocrats.
 
The protest and revolts waged by the commoners and peasants against the aristocrats during that era led to the weakening and dismantling of many corrupt social structures and political institutions against them.
 
It has been written that the French Revolution of the 18th century sparked numerous violent revolts against the corrupt political and social structures of the Western nations and around the world.
 
Before the French revolution, the United States of America was under the colonial rule of England.
 
According to historian and author of the "Concise History of America Revolution," Robert Allison, writes that:
 
America was not an independent country before 1776. Rather, it was a group of colonies that England controlled and many American Colonists did not want to be controlled by the British government anymore. The Colonists were unhappy for many reasons. They couldn't make their own laws or have their own government. Moreover, they are heavily taxed.
 
And so, in1770, many Colonists began to protest against British control in order to be free from England. In 1774, while the Colonists were preparing for revolution, one of their leaders, Thomas Jefferson wrote an important document called the "Declaration of Independence." In a nutshell, the Declaration stated "all men are created equal," and that everyone has "the right to life, liberty and happiness."
 
In 1775, War called the "Revolutionary War" broke out between the American colonies and England. Even though the British army was stronger, bigger and had more of everything, the American people did not give up. They fought with everything they had. Farmers, sailors, business owners, and teachers became soldiers and joined the war. Even many African American slaves joined to fight the British. Also American women helped during this time, too. They worked on the farms while the men fought. They also grew food, made clothes for the army, and took care of wounded soldiers. Other countries, like France, helped the Americans by sending soldiers or supplies.
 
The American people eventually won the war. Even though the war did not officially end until 1783, but on July 4th, 1776 the "Declaration of Independence" was signed. Representatives from all thirteen colonies signed the document. Today, Americans celebrate their freedom from England – also known as their Independence Day every year on July 4th with pomp and pride (emphasis added).
 
Human freedom and independence are highly cherished in the United States of America and most of the Western nations.
 
Because of this inherent desire to be free, throughout human history, people and nations have paid the ultimate price fighting for such freedoms and for their liberties. Millions have died fighting for freedom and in pursuit of justice. Nearly all wars that have been waged between peoples and nations have been for quest for freedom.
 
The Biblical Text teaches that Man was born free. Our Creator did not make Man to be a robot. Mankind was created to be free — and given the ability to make choices including the choice of whom to worship. The same Sacred Text also teaches that Jesus Christ was born into this world to free people from the bondages of self, sin, and slavery.
 
The Apostle Paul writes, "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by the yoke of slavery" – Galatians 5:1.
 
In Second Corinthians 3:17, he added this statement: "Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom."
 
Freedom is one of the central themes of the Bible and the most important value proposition of the Christian faith. Freedom is the essence of Christianity and it is what distinguishes it from all other religions on the planet.
 
Samuel Bowles, Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, said "the cause of freedom is the cause of God."
 
Being redeemed and set free from sin, self and Satan is the ultimate goal of Christian faith. Freedom in its true sense is a quality of God, just as love, grace, beauty, harmony, joy; abundance and peace are qualities of God.
 
Thomas Jefferson who wrote the "Declaration of Independence," once said, "The God who gave us life gave us liberty at the same time."
 
Therefore, freedom, liberty, and justice are the very nature and essence of who we are as human beings and as creation of God.
 
And because of this innate nature of mankind to be free, human beings have always fought with all their might to be free.
 
For instance, the major part of the 16th and 17th centuries witnessed an astonishing moments in the history of human race as nations battled for freedom. The empires of — Babylon, Rome, Ottoman, Greece, etc., conquered and ruled the world during their time because of their strength and power.
 
In the 20th century, human race also witnessed numerous revolutions and wars — the partition and sharing of Africa by the French, British, Portuguese, Arabs, and Africa fight for Independence from her colonial masters. Several world wars and civil wars led to conquest and collapse of empires and tyrannical regimes and despotic rulers such as the fall of Adolf Hitler of Germany, Mussolini of Italy, Idi Amin of Uganda and the collapse of the communist Soviet Union and the rise of America as the main super power today.
 
It would be hard to overstate the significance of freedom for the affected nations or the world in general. For years, philosophers, scholars and thinkers have argued and debated that human freedom is the supreme value of the human soul. It is the yearning of every human heart – whether poor or rich. All human beings possess the same intrinsic desire – to be free, to pursue unalienable rights such as life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness because the human spirit is endowed by its Creator with the desire to be free to pursue life, joy, peace and prosperity. In nutshell, freedom is the ultimate pursuit of the human spirit.
 
Because of the supreme value of freedoms and liberties, the United Nations produced a document called: "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected."
 
It recognizes the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
 
For instance:
 
Article (1) affirms that: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood."
 
Article (3) states that: "Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person."
 
Article (9) states that: "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile."
 
 
Read more on the thirty articles here: Today, the United States of America is the champion of that freedom and liberty worldwide. Human freedom is the greatest ideal of the American society and the essence and beauty of their democracy. It is also the glory of free-market society economy. And that is the ideal that attracts millions of people around the world to emigrate and seek refuge in the United States. <http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/>
 
For instance, in their most famous and sacrosanct document – the Constitution, there is a sticking paragraph that is idolized by every single American and it reads:
 
 
 

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness"
In his 1963 speech, President John F. Kennedy, said, "The cost of freedom is always high but Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose and that is the path of surrender, or submission."
Despite America’s and Western nations love for freedom, they rarely support such freedoms in Africa and other third world countries.
In Africa, the battle for freedom has not be different. In fact, the quest to be free has claimed millions of lives and continues to claim lives today. Millions have been massacred while agitating for freedom. Such freedoms as — freedom of speech, religious freedom, social freedoms, economic freedoms, political freedoms, freedom from bondage, captivity, and servitude, freedom to think, freedom of dialogue, freedom of association, freedom to protest, etc.
In the 1950’s and 60’s, most African nations fought for their freedom and independence from their colonial masters — mostly Britain, France, Portugal, Italy and the Arabs.
Thousands were slaughtered fighting for independence from their colonial slave masters and their imposed totalitarian regimes. Others gave up their freedom for a life of bondage and servitude instead of imprisonment and mass murder by their tyrannical and fanatical rulers.
The struggle for freedom and independence reminds of me of Nigeria’s long battle for her own independence from Britain in the late 50’s. Nigeria’s independence was granted due to sustained national grievances of nationalist leaders against the British system of indirect rule.
In 1960, Nigeria became an independent nation. However, ethnic bias and hatred, political instability, bad leadership, systemic injustice, radical religious ideology, intolerance and violence quickly marred the nation's prospect for genuine development and progress.
Soon after, the variants groups that were amalgamated as Nigerians discovered that they not the same people. Their vast cultural, social, linguistic, religious differences and political divide led to several riots, violence and the orchestrated genocide and ethnic cleansing and extermination of Igbos in the North and South-west regions of Nigeria. Igbo men, women and children were slaughtered like animals and their stinking lifeless bodies were transported in cargo trucks and dumped in the Eastern region.
The events of that turbulent period led to the political crisis, political instability, tribal and religious killings, military coups and counter coups, that eventually led to unforgettable genocidal civil war of 1967-70 which decimated more than three million Biafran lives – mostly women and children, which has left so much bitterness, anger and hatred among the major tribes of Nigeria.
Since then the Nigerian people have not enjoyed any freedom, human rights, political peace and national prosperity but poverty, torture, violence, and killings.
Today, Nigerians hate one another so passionately. There is enormous ethnic hatred among the three major tribes: Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo. There is too much envy, anger, and bitterness amongst them.
Currently, there is a renewed agitation for an independent State of Biafra. The corrupt political leadership, Arewa Youths, selfish Nigerians and coward citizens are currently wagging their tongues and threatening another war against Igbos even when Biafra youths are peacefully seeking self-determination through referendum as enshrined in the United Nations Charter General Assembly Resolution of September 2007 – articles 1 and 2, and article 20 of the African Charter on human rights recognizing and supporting the rights of all ethnic nations and peoples have the unquestionable and inalienable rights to self-determination of which Nigeria is a signatory to.
Moreover, the Indigenous People of Biafra and Biafra youths are peacefully exercising their constitutional rights of freedom of speech and peaceful assembly.
According to United Nations Charter General Assembly Resolution (A/61/295) of September 2007:
"Self-determination" is the principle and practice whereby an ethnic group, for example, an ethnic nation is in control of its own people, its own land, its own resources, and its own governance, independent of any other subtending political structure. "
Nigeria is a member of United Nations Body and signatory to that resolution. Although referendum, which is the means to self-determination is not a stipulation in the 1999 constitution like the earlier version 1979; however, constitutional freedoms of speech and expression as enshrined in the Nigerian law, do not forbid anyone from canvassing peaceful self-government which in any event is legally permissible under diverse international humanitarian laws including the Covenant on Civil and political Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human rights (UDHR) which Nigeria as a United Nations member signed on to.
Therefore, the agitation for an independent State of Biafra is proper and fulfills the requirements of the United Nations Charter on self-determination.
Self-determination is not a call for war. Britain did not declare war on Scotland when the Scottish MP called for referendum. Spain did not call for war when Catalonia called for self-determination and referendum. Canada has not declared war on Quebec for calling for independence from Canada. European Union (EU) did not declare war on United Kingdom when she voted to exit European Union.
Why is Biafra call for self-determination and referendum being perceived as call for war? It is not a declaration of sovereign State of Biafra as was in the case in 1967 when Emeka Odumegwu Ojuwkwu declared succession from Nigeria because Gowon and his northern leaders reneged on Aburi accord. Gowon then declared war against Biafra.
The quest for a sovereign State of Biafra is an issue the federal government must tackle with dialogue and try to negotiate with IPOB and its leadership rather than resort to killing the youths and applying force to stop the fire the Nigerian State will not be able to quench. Nigerian government, perhaps, has not realized or read from history that agitation for human rights, freedom, liberty, and justice cannot be quashed with military force – China, Egypt, Tunisia, and even Turkey today are examples where courageous citizens stood their ground to fight for their freedoms and defend democracy.
The Southeast and South-south is currently under siege. On several occasions, peaceful and unarmed young Biafran protesters have been shot and massacred for exercising their fundamental human rights. There are seemingly abuses of rule of law and human rights abuses against the former Eastern region. Biafran people are denied from exercising their fundamental human rights of peaceful protest and quest self-determination through referendum as enshrined in the United Nations charter of 2007.
Why has human freedoms and human rights, which are the highest ideals of the Western societies and essence of who we are as human beings remained a mirage and illusive and difficult to attain in Africa despite the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights document? Even now in the 21st century and with the explosion of information technology and social media platforms, the struggle for freedom remains one of the horniest issues of our time for Africans – Nigeria being a case-in-point.
In the early 2011, the United Nations and African Union facilitated a referendum in Sudan that eventually divided the country into North and South Sudan after much bloodshed.
We do not want bloodshed in Nigeria because it will devastate entire Africa and impact global economy.
Since the 1990’s, we have seen nations that have peacefully divided without war.
1. Former Soviet Union: between 1989 and 1990s divided into 15 republic—Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Russia, Uzbekistan, Moldova, Ukraine, Belorussia, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Kirgizia.
2. Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ended in 1991 and 6 countries—Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (including the regions of Kosovo and Vojvodina) and Slovenia. Today, those six nations are prospering in peace.
3. Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1991 and Eritrea were granted rights to its own government. In fact, today Ethiopia and Eritrea are living in peace, harmony, and prospering.
4. Quebec is currently asking from independence from Canada.
6. Scotland is asking for independence from Britain.
7. Catalonia is seeking self-determination from Spain and will conduct referendum soon.
8. And finally, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet – all these nations used to part of the Indian empire in the past before they were peacefully separated.
So why is the United Nations, an organization formed to defend human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples lackadaisical and ignoring Biafra? Why is Biafra’s case different — a region that covers a total area of almost 30,000 square miles, thus almost as big as Gambia and Sierra Leone put together, bigger than Togo, Rwanda and Burundi combined, and is four times the size of many countries in the world.
The United Nations and global powers must mediate in Nigeria versus Biafra situation. Biafra is demanding self-determination through referendum. She must be granted that desire to vote if her people want to remain in Nigeria or be a separate nation. Scotland was granted that wish – even though those against separation from United Kingdom won. Scotland is planning to conduct a second referendum. Last year, United Kingdom voted to exit European Union (BREXIT). Catalonia will soon conduct a referendum to decide whether to remain in Spain or be a different country.
Biafra’s quest for freedom must not be different? The Biafran people must not remain in perpetual bondage and slavery in Nigeria by force. The State of Biafra cannot continue to remain in an adulterous and violent marriage. The Biafran people — an indigenous people of seventy million are capable to control its own people, its own land, its own resources, and its own governance, independent of any other subtending political structure. Moreover, Biafra’s quest for an independent State fulfills the requirements of the United Nations Charter for self-determination.
It will be sheer hypocrisy if the same rights, privileges and resolution enacted by United Nations of which Nigeria is a signatory to, that have been carried out in other regions of the world, but will not be effected in Nigeria. Is Nigeria above international law? It will be pure hypocrisy and cowardice on the part of the United Nations and global powers if self-determination by means of referendum is not granted to the people of Biafra.
The world knows quite well that the amalgamation of various ethnicities to create Nigeria in 1914 was an indescribable mistake. The amalgamation was a forced union and the colonial contract has expired since 2014. Moreover, for over 100 years, millions of Biafrans have been maimed, tortured, raped, imprisoned, enslaved, marginalized and massacred in Nigeria.
Just last week, the Arewa elder and spokesperson, Prof. Ango Abdullahi said:
"There is nothing sacrosanct about the unity of Nigeria as one indivisible entity because it is a mere human creation. I have never seen anything absurd as insisting that this country is indivisible. "Nigeria is not God’s creation; it is Lugard’s creation. Lugard was a colonial adventurer who came and conquered us. It was not God that sent him to come and conquer Nigeria. And it wasn’t God that asked him to structure Nigeria the way he did. We sat down and decided that we wanted to live together, even after the amalgamation."
In the past, some of the Founding Fathers have made the following statements about Nigeria:
Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa in 1948 said:
"Since 1914 the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any signs of willingness to unite … "Nigerian unity is only a British invention.".
In 1947, Chief Awolowo said:
"Nigeria is not a nation. It is a mere geographical expression. "There are no ‘Nigerians’ in the same sense as there are ‘English,’ ‘Welsh,’ or ‘French.’ "The word ‘Nigeria’ is a mere distinctive appellation to distinguish those who live within the boundaries of Nigeria and those who do not."
In 1964, Dr. Azikiwe said:
"It is better for us and many admirers abroad that we should disintegrate in peace and not in pieces. "Should the politicians fail to heed the warning, then I will venture the prediction that the experience of the Democratic Republic of Congo will be a child’s play if it ever comes to our turn to play such a tragic role."
It is time the United Nations and global powers end Nigeria forced amalgamation and false unity. Nigeria will never be one. Nigeria does not have shared value system, patriotic principles, religious and political ideologies to be one country. Nigeria will never genuinely develop and proposer as a nation without peaceful division of the country. The systemic injustice, economic strangulation, political oppression, religious intolerance, ethnic hatred and envy against the people of Biafra are unacceptable, intolerable, unbearable, and insufferable.
An independent State of Biafra may be the only suitable solution to fix Nigeria’s corrupt political system, lawlessness and failed institutions. Freedom for Biafran people will be freedom for other indigenous populations and freedom for millions of young Biafrans from unemployment, poverty, disease, and hopelessness.
Biafrans want to be freed from subjugation, oppression, marginalization, mediocrity, incompetence, jihadism, tyranny, poverty, disease, and hopelessness of Nigeria. Biafrans are tired of living in bondage, slavery and servitude. It is time for Biafran people to live in freedom, liberty, justice, pursuit of happiness and prosperity like other civilized peoples and nations.
France and especially Americans have a holy hatred for tyrants, dictatorship and destroyers of the human freedom. Every July, the U.S., Canada, France, etc. celebrate their Independence Day and reflect on their fight for freedom and battle for liberty.
It is time Western powers support to liberate Biafra from bondage, slavery, Islamic radicalism and jihad in Nigeria. It is time International Community – United Nations, United States of America and others intervene to give the Indigenous People of Biafra – a nation of seventy million people, a State of their own. It is time to dismantle Nigeria and free unarmed Biafran people from looming civil war that will have devastating consequences on Africa and global economy. It is time to end slavery of Biafrans in Nigeria and free her to compete like other nations in the world. It is time to liberate and free Biafran people from ethnic hatred, systemic injustice, economic strangulation, political oppression, religious violence, and radical Islamic political ideology of the Nigerian State.
 
*Photo Caption - Map of Defunct Republic of Biafra