Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Ihechukwu Njoku reports ] - Nigerian ‘Prophet’ T.B. Joshua’s prolonged public absence is not only raising concerns among his followers but severely damaging local business in the area where his church is situated.
 
 
The last time Joshua was seen in public was nearly three months ago at a ‘Miracle Crusade’ in Mexico City, allegedly attended by over 150,000 worshippers.
 
 
However, since his return to Nigeria, the cleric has uncharacteristically not appeared in any church service at The Synagogue, Church Of All Nations (SCOAN), all of which are broadcast live on Christian television channel ‘Emmanuel TV’.
 
 
On June 7th 2015, Joshua released a statement via Facebook, stating, “I came back from the revival trip last week Saturday, waiting for God’s command on what to do next. I can’t wait to join you.”
 
 
However, almost two months down the line, which has seen the controversial conclusion of a coroner’s inquest into the tragic building collapse of a guesthouse within his church last year, there’s been nothing but silence.
 
 
Last Sunday 26th July made it 12 consecutive weeks of absence.
 
 
It’s the first time in over 25 years of ministry that T.B. Joshua has missed a church service, barring foreign ministration and his arrest and 2 week incarceration by the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) over charges of drug-dealing in 1996, which were later dropped.
 
 
A report by Nigeria’s Sunday Guardian newspaper chronicled the economic effects Joshua’s ‘disappearance’, coupled with the reduction in church services since the building collapse last year, has had on the local environment.
 
 
“If you come here on Sunday, you will find that a lot of shops are closed. There’s no more business,” a shop owner on the street close to the church lamented to The Guardian reporter, the welfare of most businesses in the area connected to the church’s fortunes. 
 
 
“If you go there now (Ikotun-Egbe) and see the market, you will realise how bad things have become. If it were before, at this time, you would be seeing many people, foreigners, coming and going… Even those hotels - the workers are crying because people don’t come there again.”
 
 
“I think all you newsmen should come together and talk to this man and see what is happening,” a Nigerian cab operator angrily told The Guardian.
 
 
“Programs have totally stopped. Foreigners don’t even see him on TV live. If they just see him on TV in the Sunday services, they will come. A lot of them bought their tickets. But there has been no prayer line,” he continued.
 
 
“We are just waiting and praying to God to make him restart the programs. The bitter fact is that there is nothing that can be done to stimulate business in this area. Without foreigners coming and injecting their resources, there is nothing, virtually nothing else to fall back on.”
 
 
A Muslim fabric trader in the region, Mrs Eyitayo, however, stated that the evolving events were ‘retribution’ for the selfish antics of local house owners who evicted many tenants in order to cash in the church’s popularity by converting their houses to hotels.
 
 
 “The man (T.B. Joshua) is doing good but some people are doing bad because of the money they are seeing. When you drive tenants out, and they don’t have anywhere to go, some of them will cry to God. This thing that has happened will let them know that there is God.”
 
 
Eyitayo reminisced the time she regularly ordered new clothes from Dubai when visitors, especially foreigners, streamed en masse to the area to worship at the church.
 
 
“Two years ago, if you came here, you would think you were overseas because we traded in dollars,” she stated, bemoaning the regions recent drop in fortunes.
 
 
Engr. K. Y. Aminu, owner of Kaywy Lodge, a hotel along Segun-Irefin Street near The SCOAN, admitted that his customers were currently paying half-price.
 
 
“Business is zero,” he lamented. “I am partially closing down. The 10 rooms here are undergoing conversion,” he explained, adding that he was forced to reduce his staff due to inability to pay their wages.
 
 
According to The Guardian report, even international airlines are feeling the impact, as one of Nigeria’s foremost tourist destinations is passing through an uncannily ‘dry’ phase.
 
 
Joshua’s supporters believe the pastor is in a period of ‘fasting and prayer’ but the call for him to reappear is certainly heightening, evidenced by various petitions on the cleric’s Facebook page. 
 
 
“I know that when he eventually steps out, it will be with an explosion of prophetic fire,” a shop owner near the church in Lagos optimistically told the Guardian reporter, hoping that Joshua’s eventual re-emergence will revive the waning local economy.
 

 
Ihechukwu Njoku ( Email: chuk.njoku@gmail.com ), a freelance Nigerian journalist reports.
 
*Photo Caption - T. B. Joshua

 
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Mohammed Seidu reports ] - Anytime the question of who is behind the abduction of Chibok girls is asked, I remember the poem, Mr. Nobody which we recited back then in primary school. Spare my memory; it’s been a while since I left primary school. With the risk of infringing on copyright, I narrate the poem, as I can still vividly remember the first verse:
 
                                   I know a funny little man,
                                   As quiet as a mouse,
                                  Who does the mischief that is done
                                   In everybody's house!
                                   There's no one ever sees his face,
                                   And yet we all agree
                                   That every plate we break was cracked
                                   By Mr. Nobody
 
I have done my very best to find out who the author of this poem is to no avail. These lines may be the important clue to deciphering the “abductor” of the Chibok Girls, and the author of the group campaigning for the rescue of the kidnapped girls.
 
I have written in my earlier articles about Mallam Nasir El-Rufai and his ambition to lead Nigeria at all cost, come 2019. In one case, I warned Nigerians to watch out for the danger the man portends, should he become the President of Nigeria. He will climb any mountain; travel any distance or even dig deep into the lowest valley for him to achieve his ambition. This much I know about El-Rufai.
 
No one should be under any illusion anymore about the fiction known as Chibok Girls and their kidnap. The politicians from Northern extraction fed us with this “gospel” since last year and we took it hook, line and sinker. Little did we know that the mastermind of the whole script was the man known publicly as El-Rufai. He was the “abductor” of the girls on the one hand and the campaigner for their release on the other hand. He is the one the poet in the poem was referring to when he said, “Who does the mischief that is done / In everybody's house! / There's no one ever sees his face,”

Invariably, he is the accuser and the judge at the same time. This only convinces me just how much we underestimate people like El-Rufai.
 
Even if some people take the aforementioned statements of mine with a wave of the hand, some of the things I will reveal later in this article must be enough to convince even the most ridiculous of all doubting Thomases about the notoriety of this our able Mr. Nobody. Recall, Mr. Nobody is the mischief-maker just to achieve his own selfish ambition.
 
Mallam El-Rufai’s political appointments since he became Governor of Kaduna state have had their best share of controversies. My previous articles have properly documented the intrigues in his appointment of characters like Jimi Lawal, a well-known scammer and fraudster, as Special Assistant on Investment. For time and space, I will not retell those here. His more recent controversial appointment which confirms El-Rufai’s role in the whole Chibok Girls’ saga is his appointment as Chief of Staff Madam Hadiza Bala-Usman, the co-founder of the notorious #BringBackOurGirls group that made things difficult for former President Jonathan. A curious observer is made further confused by the fact that apart from the fact that Ms Hadiza is a known All Progressive Congress (APC) supporter, like Mr Jimi Lawal, she is not from Kaduna. Although, a little bit of clarity may present itself when one finds out that Ms Hadiza did not just start doing hatchet jobs for El-Rufai. As a matter of fact, she stood as El-Rufai’s chief agent during the APC primaries in Kaduna. Any curious observer will immediately see the connection… Ms Hadiza is now being handsomely rewarded for her labour of love and for properly acting out her part of the whole Chibok Girls fiction.
 
At this point let us introduce another character into our story; Ms Oby Ezekwezili. Having lost her hold on power since her stint with the Obasanjo administration and with no other route into the World Bank’s complex bureaucratic structure, she gladly accepted to play a major role for El-Rufai by joining and ultimately leading the #BringBackOurGirls group. Mind you, being an indigene of Imo state played in her favour. El-Rufai, being a smart man, only made Ms Hadiza the founder and Ms Ezekwezili the convener, so that the group is not seen as a Northern ploy against President Jonathan, a southerner. The role of the former Minister of Mines and Solid Minerals is therefore very clear in that regard. Whoever says el-Rufai is not smart needs to invent another meaning for that word.
 
Let’s now close the circle: “Madam Due process” as Ms Ezekwezili is sometimes called, understood every word in her job description and knew that no mistakes would be permissible under her new appointment. We are all witnesses to how she did her job well and the attendant drama that followed each speech she gave. She is every day on social media campaigning for the release of the fictitious girls. The matter climaxed in the week to the presidential election when Madam Due process’ voice was loudest. In a typical and predictable way, she suddenly became dumb after General Buhari of the APC was sworn in. No one has heard about Chibok Girls or the notorious group led by Madam ‘Due Process’ ever since, all thanks to Mr. Nobody!
 
At this point, let us look at some unusual coincidences. Just recently, President Buhari had a scheduled meeting with the notorious #BringBackOurGirls group. Should anyone be surprised it was just after that day that the Boko Haram became bolder. They demanded that the Buhari government negotiate with them. One of the conditions which the government appeared to have accepted now is the release of Boko Haram prisoners for the kidnapped girls. What was El-Rufai and Oby’s response to this?
 
Rather than focusing on his immediate task of governance, he has been more preoccupied witch-hunting a former minister under the GEJ Administration. Perhaps, someone should help us tell him to stop all this attention-seeking tactics and focus on the more serious business of governance. Is he so bent on outshining his bosses, President Buhari inclusive? Why trying to make the President look inadequate? That still reminds me, why is it every time El-Rufai does something no matter how negligible, he beckons to the press to show off? Are we as a people now celebrating mediocrity in the name of performance?
 
If truth must be told, it is imperative we probe deeply the true intentions of El-Rufai and his relationship with Oby and the #BringBackOurGirls group.
 
Mohammed Seidu ( Email: mohammed.s.seidu@gmail.com ), reports  from Abuja where he now resides and works.
 
*Photo Caption - Mallam Nasir El-Rufai

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Lawrence Chinedu Nwobu reports ] - It was the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo who in 1947 famously declared that “Nigeria is not a nation but a mere geographical expression.” Likewise Yakubu Gowon, the then head of state had also in August 1966 declared that “there was no basis for Nigerian unity.” Of particular note is the attitude of the independence leaders; the duo of Ahmadu Bello and Tafawa Balewa who took over the reins of power at independence both of whom in words and deeds never failed to demonstrate their disbelief in Nigeria. While Ahmadu Bello in his book and autobiography “My Life” published in 1961; famously derided the amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria as “the mistake of 1914,” Tafawa Balewa who became the prime minister at independence was no different. In 1948 while addressing the legislative council, he declared that “Since 1914 the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign or willingness to unite. Nigerian unity is only a British intention for the country.”

 
Fast forward to 2005 and the Central intelligence agency (CIA) in the same vein broadly concluded that “while currently Nigeria's leaders are locked in a bad marriage that all dislike but dare not leave, there are possibilities that could disrupt the precarious equilibrium in Abuja and lead to outright collapse.” The conveners of PRONACO, notably the late Beko Ransome Kuti, and Chief Anthony Enahoro amongst others had similarly premised their campaign for a Sovereign National Conference (SNC) on preventing the inevitable scenarios of eventual violent collapse. As is evident, the expressions of even those who have been opportuned to steer the ship of state demonstrates the extent to which Nigeria was and remains the mere geographical expression Chief Obafemi Awolowo once called it. It is thus no accident that every profile or introduction of Nigeria from the CIA World Factbook, the Tony Blair Foundation, Encyclopaedia, BBC country profile, the International Crisis Group (ICG), books, journals and government publications all begin their introductory profile or description of Nigeria with a labelling that aptly depicts Nigeria as a nation with deep ethnic and religious divisions.

 
In reality, Nigeria has historically been so divided that not even the independence struggle could unite them as was the case in other countries. Many do not realise that much of the casualties of the independence struggle was suffered not at the hands of the British colonialists as would be expected but at the hands of Northern leaders who in expression of their opposition to the call for independence by Anthony Enahoro in the federal parliament unleashed the infamous 1953 Kano riots that killed hundreds of people. These deep ethnic divisions also explains why Nigeria is the only country where nationalist pro-independence leaders could not win an outright victory in the post independence elections thereby making it possible for the Northern people’s congress that had opposed independence and severally expressed their disbelief in the idea of Nigeria to ironically form the first post-independence government. Subsequently every Nigerian leader has operated within a tribal prism without paying any attention to nation building. This crude resort to tribal alliances and the attendant domination, marginalisation and exclusion of other ethnic groups alongside other injustices is at the heart of Nigeria’s fault lines and existential crisis.

 
One Nigeria for all intents and purposes has been a scam. Neither the leaders nor the people believe in it beyond the lazy desire to share oil money. While a civil war was fought on the fraudulent premise of keeping Nigeria united, the war has been futile as the real reason behind the war was a desire to control the crude oil resources and not because there was any genuine desire to keep Nigeria united. This informs the sustained oppression and exclusion that trailed the aftermath of the so called war of unity in place of nation building which should have been the case had there been a genuine intention to keep Nigeria united without any ulterior motives. From a beginning that was marked by ethnic divisions Nigeria has continued on the trajectory of dangerous and increasingly violent divisions. In the absence of true federalism, justice/equality and abundance of leaders who abhor the necessity of nation building, Nigeria’s growing contradictions has birthed reactionary forces amongst which are MASSOB, MEND, OPC, Boko Haram and now Radio Biafra. These are all legitimate responses to a state that has failed to respond to its contradictions through nation building and other progressive policies of national integration. The vacuum created by the absence of nation building has naturally been filled by reactionary forces; some violent that has taken centre stage tearing at the fragile fabric of the nation.

 
A recent reminder of Nigeria’s deepening cleavages came from no other than the Oba of Lagos who threatened a section of the country with drowning in the sea if they didn’t vote for his preferred candidate, while Muhammadu Buhari as President has started off with appointments that clearly demonstrate sectionalism. Buhari himself later alluded to giving preferential treatment to those who voted for him during a question and answer session in the course of his visit to the United States. Not minding that we are in a democracy, this is a president who campaigned on the idea of changing Nigeria for the better yet has retreated to undemocratic practices and blatant sectionalism. It is no surprise then, that Radio Biafra has gained more popularity riding as it is on Buhari’s divisive policies that is further weakening the already fragile state. Radio Biafra is therefore a creation of Nigeria’s contradictions, exclusion, oppression, tribalism, born to rule system, injustice, inequality, apartheid and internal colonialism. In that regards, Radio Biafra is a legitimate reaction to Nigeria’s falsehood as a nation and successive bad leaders that has only made things worse.

 
Unlike some others, I don’t subscribe to the idea that Radio Biafra and its adherents are incapable of violence or war. History does not support such assumptions. Nothing in life has ever been written in stone and the lesson from Boko Haram and the near daily suicide bombings it now undertakes in a country where we once assumed that fearful Nigerians would never want to die for anything is a reminder that the truism ‘never say never’ is very true. Just like Boko Haram, Radio Biafra and its adherents could become radicalised enough to wage war and be successful at it. All through human history, the fear of death has never prevented or stopped warfare. Neither has it even stopped armed robbery here in Nigeria. War is a spirit and those who are sufficiently inspired or motivated would be willing to give their life for what they believe in. Millions across the world fought against colonial masters with vastly superior weaponry in the struggle for independence. Hundreds of people die daily in the Mediterranean crossing from Libya to Europe but that has not deterred those desperate enough to seek a better life from embarking on the perilous journey.



 
At independence, no one could have imagined that Nigerian would descend into tribal war in a few years, but when the conditions made war necessary, the war was fought with an unbelievable tenacity of purpose and resilience by the Biafrans who resisted Nigeria’s onslaught for almost three years with practically bare hands. Lesson is; no group should be pushed to the wall on assumption that they will not or cannot wage war. It would be a costly mistake as there is no precedent of any nation that survived a second civil war and Nigeria will not be an exception. Besides self determination from colonialism of all forms is a fundamental right enshrined in the United Nations charter. In this day and age the world is trending towards the use of democratic referendums to decide the quest for self determination and not war as the Scottish referendum recently demonstrated. In that regards it is entirely lawful to allow any region or regions that seek self determination to have a United Nations supervised referendum. In other words, if Radio Biafra succeeds in mobilising a critical mass of its target audience for self determination through for example a signed petition of up to half a million people, the Nigerian government would be bound by international law to let them have a referendum and in case of refusal, Radio Biafra would be within its right to wage war having exhausted all peaceful and legal means.

 
Truth is; Radio Biafra will not go away as far as the many injustices that birthed it remains. It will continue to grow and haunt Nigeria up to the possibility of open warfare except and until there is extensive dialogue between all Nigerian nationalities and an inclusive nation building constitution and leadership is constituted to aggressively initiative an all encompassing project of nation building. That is in the least, the only chance of permanently burying Radio Biafra and others like it. The alternative will be Nigeria’s inevitable disintegration sooner or later as even the Bible and the Koran in their divine wisdom did declare that a house divided against itself cannot stand. Those who have ears let them hear!

 
Lawrence Chinedu Nwobu ( Email: lawrencenwobu@gmail.com ) reports.

 
*Photo Caption – Mr. Nnamdi Kanu, Director, Radio Biafra

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Obinna Akukwe reports ] - The Peoples Democratic Party has hailed the determination of Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari to give Owelle Chukwuma Azikiwe, first son of Nigeria’s first president, Rt Hon Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe, a decent burial, despite opposition from some politicians in the zone who abandoned the family.
 
 
Speaking with Rev Obinna Akukwe, Director General, Igbo Mandate Congress (IMC) in Abuja on Thursday, after a meeting of committee of close friends and family members of the late Owelle, on Thursday in Abuja, a member of Board of Trustees of Peoples Democratic Party and former National Secretary of the party, Chief Rex Onyeabor described President Buhari’s involvement as very patriotic.
 
 
According to the party chieftain “Despite insinuations to the contrary, President Buhari had shown that he is a nationalist, especially in this patriotic effort to ensure that Owelle Chukwuma, a bosom friend, and patriot is given deserved burial. It is unfortunate that while other Igbo leaders abandoned this great son of Zik, probably due to his political ideology, it is a President of northern extraction who saw everything good in this incorruptible Igbo son and wants to give him final honor”. He added that “all Nigerians, irrespective of party affiliation should stand behind the President in this endeavor”
 

 
Chief Onyeabor however asserted that his support for Buhari’s action does not mean that he believes in the fragmentation and party schisms in the APC and expressed regret that the opposition cannot manage their victory. He described Owelle Azikiwe as bosom friend who would rather die that defraud anybody of a single kobo, and he resisted pressures to convert his privileged position to amass wealth.
 
 
Speaking in the same vein, another bosom friend of Owelle and second republic senator, Chief Dr Uche Offia Nwali described Owelle Chukwuma Azikiwe is an honest man who hated primitive acquisition of wealth. He asked Igbo leaders to emulate the examples of the late Owelle and unite for prosperity. Senator Offia Nwali, a member of Imeobi Ohanaeze Ndigbo, promised the involvement of Igbo Elders in support of Federal Government.
 
 
Chief Mrs Kate Onwe  Acting Secretary General of Ohanaeze Ndigbo Caretaker Committee  and former Attorney General in Enugu and Ebonyi States  , hailed the news that the Federal Government wants to get involved in Zik’s son’s burial and pleaded that” Igbos must unite behind Buhari and the Federal Government to make it  a success, irrespective of party affiliations.”.
 
 
Igbo Mandate Congress (IMC) has exclusively reported that President Buhari has vowed to give the Zik’s Son a befitting burial and that in furtherance of his promise, the president sent Senator Chris Ngige , ex-Governor of Anamb ra State, to Onisi Onira residence of the Azikiwes for inspection and feedback.
 
 
Subsequently another meeting was held at Zik’s House on Monday, 6th July with the following in attendance: Senator Dr Chris Ngige (ex-Governor Anambra State), Engr Chukwuma Njaka (PA to Owelle Azikiwe), Mr Ifeanyi Okwudili (Nephew to Owelle Azikiwe), Rev Obinna Akukwe, (Director General, Igbo Mandate Congress (IMC)), and Barrister Emejulu Okpalaukwu (Assistant National Publicity Secretary, Ohanaeze Ndigbo and Chairman Igbo-Ohanaeze Integrity Groups).
 
 
The following Family members who had earlier briefed Buhari on the preparedness for the Burial at Aso Rock earlier in the month include Nwamulunamma Onuora Azikiwe (Spiritual Head of the Family), Akunne Arah Azikiwe (youngest brother of Rt Hon Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe) Engr Chukwuma Njaka (PA to late Owelle Chukwuma Azikiwe) and Senator Dr Chris Ngige (ex-Governor Anambra State).
 

 
Obinna Akukwe ( Email: profetobinna2@yahoo.com ), reports.
 
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Onitsha Nigeria, 23rd July 2015)- An extensive investigation carried out recently by the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety) showed clearly that there are three hydra-headed monsters threatening the foundation of independent media establishments and press freedom in Nigeria, particularly the print and visual media. These are: indebtedness, corruption and unprofessionalism. Media indebtedness is triggered by greed and maximization of proceeds on the part of the independent media proprietors. Media corruption, on its part, is caused by corruption of the media industry and injection of billions of naira derived from ill-gotten wealth as well as ownership of many of them by corrupt former public office holders particularly former, and in some cases, serving State governors; for the purposes of influencing and skewing public opinions on matters of politics, ethnicity and religion, as well as covering their kleptomaniac and homicidal records in office. Media unprofessionalism is caused by vicious factors like promotion of ethno-religious clannishness and personal interests; poor working condition and job de-satisfaction on the part of staff or media practitioners, occasioned by poor remuneration and remuneration arrears of journalists as well as general ineffective and inefficient media management policies and actions. Our extensive investigation also found that media indebtedness, corruption and unprofessionalism are interwoven, resulting to guided press freedom in present democratic dispensation.
 
The sad situation above mentioned is similar in color and outlook to the media dark days particularly under Decree No. 4 of 1984 (limitation of press freedom and independence), enacted and enforced to the letter by the Buhari’s inglorious military epoch of January 1984 to August 1985. The Decree under reference was drafted on March 29, 1984 and its dreaded nature was only second to another Buhari’s repressive decree called “Decree No. 2 0f 1984 (State’s indefinite detention of persons)”. The anti press freedom Decree was promulgated to whittle press freedom and punish through long pretrial detention and “no right of appeal” sentencing of authors of “false statements”, “rumors” and reports that exposed the Buhari’s iron fisted military government and its official to “ridicule” and “contempt”. It also provided for the presidential proscription at his whims and caprices of the affected independent media houses or outfits.
 
Indebted Media Houses:
 
The extensive investigation of ours under reference followed wide outcries in the media by media practitioners including the leadership of the Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) against huge staff remuneration indebtedness by proprietors of many independent media houses in Nigeria. For instance, the Lagos State Branch of the NUJ had few weeks ago picketed the premises/corporate office of the Thisday Newspaper in the State over nine (9) arrears it owed members of its editorial department. There are at least eleven (11) independent media houses in the country owing workers of different categories in their editorial departments.

Apart from the Thisday Newspaper, other ten (10) owing independent media houses are the African Independent Television (AIT), seventeen (17) months, Daily Independent Newspaper nine (9) months, Tell Magazine eight (8) months, National Mirror seven (7) months, the Newswatch (Daily Newswatch) seven (7) months, the News Magazine nine (9) months, the PM News nine (9) months, Daily Champion Newspaper eighteen (18) months, the Hallmark Newspaper eight (8) months and the Daily Times Newspaper six (6) months.
 
Parasitic Staffing:
 
Apart from huge indebtedness under reference, there is also parasitic staffing policy adopted by other independent media houses as well as a number of indebted ones. This is a policy whereby reporters working for the referenced are not remunerated, but asked or allowed to be filing stories with their real or pseudo names. Some of these reporters are paid stipends at every month end, which depends on the number of their reports that were published. The Vanguard and the Guardian Newspapers are typical examples of independent media outfits engaged in this policy in Nigeria. In other cases, such reporters are just asked or allowed to be filing stories without receiving a dime at the month end. To survive, those reporters are forced to depend heavily on “brown envelopes” from their news “customers”, leading to hunting and publication of “any news brown envelope can fetch”.
 
Brown Envelopes As Triggers Of Media Corruption & Unprofessionalism:
 
The three hydra-headed monsters highlighted above have been, and are still responsible for under-growth and guided media freedom in Nigeria. Until the advent of online media industry in Nigeria, news reports and publications were “brown-enveloped”. Till date, the sad culture is still in vogue to an extent, if not large extent. Owing to brown envelope culture and corruption of the media sector by corrupt and illicitly rich former and serving political office holders and their accomplices; the independent media sub-sector has steadily recorded under-growth and guided press freedom.
 
It is guided press freedom, when the media departs from the cradle of conscience of the masses and enters into the infamous hall of enemies of the masses by journalistically canonizing enemies of better society and crowning them as kings of unjust society. Owing to media corruption, unprofessionalism has become the order of the day. Media reports in the country are now dominated by vested interests and ethno-religious primordialism. Creative, investigative and innovative stories are sidelined and stories of infantile or none public importance and development now take precedent over the former with utter alacrity and impunity. In all these, “press freedom” looks real, but “independence of the press” is combatively challenged owing to its oiling and midwifery by captains of corruption and “ethno-religious jingoists”.
 
As this solidarity statement of ours coincides with the ongoing national delegates’ conference and election of the Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ), we humbly and firmly call for a lasting solution to independent media houses’ indebtedness in Nigeria. The policy of parasitic staffing retained by other media houses as above explained, is also frowned at. Apart from breeding media corruption, it also entrenches media unprofessionalism leading to present media woes in the country.
 
We call for total abolition of the corruption friendly policy under reference and its replacement with across board allowance or contract based policy; whereby all freelance journalists writing for all media houses will be engaged on clearly defined and remunerated contract basis, renewable or revocable within a specified period. In other words, we recommend “remunerated associate staff policy”. The indebted media house owners including the Newspapers Proprietors Association of Nigeria are firmly called upon to settle and offset all remuneration arrears so owed as a matter of uttermost immediacy. The Federal Government of Nigeria is also called upon to, within its licensing and regulatory competence and oversights to ensure owed editorial workers of all the media houses in the country are paid all their entitlements without further delays.
 
The NUJ on its part is also enjoined to rise above pecuniary culture and journalistic quackery that have eaten deep into the country’s media sector and rebrand its journalistic mirror back to the hallowed baptismal name of “conscience of the masses”. Sustained efforts must also be made to recover the soul of the Nigerian media from the parasitic grips of “the captains of corruption in Nigeria”. The managements of the Punch, the Vanguard and the Channel Television are exceptionally commended for keeping faith with their staff remunerations. Though, the Vanguard Newspaper is cleared from the list of debtor-media houses, but it is culpable as it concerns “parasitic staffing policy” explained above. Our choice of the trio stems from the fact that it is not only that they are up to date with payment of the remunerations of their editorial workers, but also the ownership of their media outfits is yet to be traced to any of the captains of corruption in Nigeria”. Others left out in this exceptional commendation of ours, who also keep faith with their staff remunerations; are either wholly or partly owned by some captains of corruption in Nigeria who used public stolen wealth to establish such media outfits.
 
Finally, we shall continue to commend and appreciate the online media outfits in Nigeria. The advent of the outfits changed the media equation in the country and introduced vibrancy and healthy competition into the industry. They also made it possible for Nigeria and Nigerians to join world global village where news are quick, easily read, cheaply sourced and exchanged. One of the greatest goals achieved by the online media revolution in the country is the breaking of age-long monopoly hitherto held and enjoyed by the media of Southwest extraction.
 
Specifically, the staffs and managements of leading online news bodies like the Nigerian News Express, the Nigerian Voice, the Will, the Republic Reporters, “the Biafran Online News”, the Neighborhood (online) Newspaper, the Trent News, the Nigerian Masterweb, the Elombah Reports, the Chidiopara Reports, the Advocate News, the All News & Reports, the Street Reporters, the Odogwu Reports, the Premium Times, the Osun Defenders, the Inews Digest, the Global Reporters Vienna, the Odera Reports, the News247 Reports , to mention but few; are commended and thanked in a very special way and urged to keep the candle of light burning ceaselessly over social darkness.

Signed:
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
+2348174090052 (office)
emekaumeagbalasi@yahoo.co.uk, info@intersociety-ng.org
 
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor-Nwonu (Mrs.), Esq.
Head, Campaign & Publicity Department
 
Chiugo Onwuatuegwu (Miss), Esq.
Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program
 
Obianuju Igboeli (Miss), Esq., Head, Civil Liberties & Rule of Law Program
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

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