Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Press Release For Immediate Release ] - Trump Up America (America Solidarity Anthem) is a patriotic song composed by Charles O. Okereke, a resident of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. The beautiful song came into existence through inspiration and realities prevalent in the American society. It is a must-listen-to song that combines symphonic orchestra, jazz and a little bit of everything into a beautiful soothing and inspiring patriotic song. 
 
You can get a copy of this song for less than $1 - see link below. Get a copy using the link at the end of the article and remember to share the song widely with friends and contacts. According to Okereke: "I delivered the song to America how it was given to me through the night. I did not make any adjustments to suit people's expectations, but released it how it was given to me by Him above. Contact me at +1 (414) 807-0329 or info@trumpetamerica.com if you have any question."
 
Okereke recently shared the song with an American women in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA and here are comments the woman posted after the encounter: "Great guy! He had one of the most interesting stories and was a genuinely nice person. Highly recommended! Plus he played great music!"
 
The lyrics of the first few lines of the first verse are as follows: "I am American, center of democracy; Land of freedom, equity; Trump up America; trump all. Trumpet loud in... etc."  The song has both audio and video versions and are available at iTunes, Amazon and other online music stores. ......... Click To Get Copy of Song. 
 
*Photo Caption - Front cover of CD.
 

 

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Onitsha Nigeria, 24th of May 2016)-Following intensification of regime malfunctioning of the APC and Buhari led Presidency in Nigeria and ahead of this week’s G-7 Meeting in the Japanese City of Ise-Shima, we have considered it upper most important to expose the double standards of the named developed countries with respect to Nigeria and its affairs particularly under the present Buhari administration. We are deeply dismayed concerning the double-edged policies of the members of the Group of Seven Industrialized or Developed Countries (G-7) and their allies including the EU on one hand and Russia and China, on the other; towards the Federal Republic of Nigeria and its socio-political affairs.
 
The 42nd G-7 summit in Japan is featuring its seven core members of USA, UK, Canada, France, Italy, Germany and Japan, to be joined by the European Union. The world’s small arms and light weapons’ production markets are dominated by USA and Russia, followed by Germany, UK, Italy, China and other members of old west and east European blocs. Other non-western countries playing leading roles in global SALWs production markets are Brazil, Japan, North Korea, India, etc. Russia and USA alone are credited with hundreds of assault and automatic rifles of different models; likewise mortars, rockets, anti tank and personnel mines and grenades; all referred to as “Small Arms & Light Weapons (SALWs).
 
To the extent that Nigeria and Nigerians are armed at night and aided in the day through piecemeal humanitarian aids by the above named countries, is a height of diplomatic kill-and-bury and a clear return of the west’s atrocious double-standards foreign policies towards Africa and Asia in the 60s, 70s and 80s. These blundered foreign policies were also applied in the Africa’s Great Lakes Region in the 90s by the west; Russia and China to an extent, under proxy arming and proxy wars; snowballing into the Rwandan Genocide of 1994; killing almost one million people in three months.
 
The war mongering policies of the Buhari administration and its confrontational approaches to issues of democratic governance and its challenges have cumulatively heightened communal, tribal and ethno-religious tensions in Nigeria and facilitated fertile grounds for the countries named above; by themselves or through their proxies, to sell their small arms and light weapons (SALWs) at alarming speed and use the country as the latest rogue weapons’ basket of the West African sub-region.

 

 
It alarms and saddens us that Nigeria and Nigerians are arming and being armed at alarming level following intensification and entrenchment of anti people and anti democratic policies and conducts by the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari. From various recent scholarly and advocacy studies, Nigeria may mostly have become the world’s second most illicitly armed country after Afghanistan. The battered Republic of Afghanistan with January 2016 estimated population of 33million people is the world’s most illicitly armed country with 10million small arms and light weapons to its homicidal credit, on average of one illicit small arm and light weapon for every four Afghans.
 
It is credibly estimated that there are 4million-4.5million mostly illicit small arms and light weapons (SALWs) presently in circulation in Nigeria or over 400% spiral increase from estimated one million illicit SALWs in the country in 2000/2001. This simply means that out of every 45 Nigerians (using the country’s estimated 174million citizens); there is small arm and light weapon or SALW. While at least two million SALWs are believed to be in the hands of non-combatant civilians in Nigeria, one million may be in the hands of proliferated communal and States’ armed vigilante groups across the country. The remaining 1million-1.5million others may be in possession of violent non-State actor entities like the Fulani Janjaweed, northern politicians-oiled Boko Haram, Niger Delta Militants, violent politicians and die-hard street and syndicate criminal groups. These SALWs are illicitly sold to Nigerians, who bear and operate them without legitimate authorization by federal laws and authorities. Where laws of some States recognize them as in the case of “militant vigilantism”, such laws are inferior to federal laws and cannot stand the test of time.
 
The level of militancy in Nigeria presently is alarming and deafening and it is shocking that under the just 12 months of the Buhari administration, militancy and homicidal rates have risen to an apogee. We terribly fear that if nothing proactive and concrete is done to tame this genocidal trend, Nigeria may most likely snowball into “complex humanitarian emergencies”.
 
For clear understanding, complex humanitarian emergencies are earth-shaking social crisis that envelopes a political territory in which a large number of people are killed or die and suffer from war, disease, hunger and displacement owing to man-made disasters or afflictions. In complex humanitarian emergencies afflicting a large country like Nigeria with estimated 174million citizens, humanitarian crises so generated, will be far beyond the capacities of the UN and other humanitarian agencies. Complex humanitarian emergencies start from early warning to uncontrollable crisis stages and are fueled by proxy arming and proxy wars as well as “profiteers of violence” such as SALWs manufacturers and marketers from the G8 Countries and China and their local collaborators.
 
It is also estimated that over 25million bullets and cartridges of various models and types, using in powering the estimated 4million-4.5million SALWs in the country; are in circulation, on average of 5 cartridges per SALW. Other than credible independent and scholarly statistics on these SALWs and their propellers; official accounts from Nigeria’s securitization statistical records of the Nigeria Police Force or the National Bureau of Statistics are fundamentally unreliable, if not non-existent.

 
The recent account by the Presidential Committee on Small Arms to the effect that “60% of Small Arms & Light Weapons in Nigeria are locally manufactured” is fundamentally contentious, unscientific, unreliable and unverifiable. The stark reality is that 98% of small arms and light weapons in roguish and credible circulation in Nigeria are imported; and under licit and illicit circumstances. There are alarming licit and illicit arming going on in the country under the malfunctioning watch of the Buhari administration. That is to say that there is arming at dangerous speeds by State-actor and non-State actor entities in the country. In the area of State actor arming, the Federal Government through its Defense, Interior and NSA establishments; is arming the State at a dangerous speed.
 
The porosity of the State management of its armories and discriminatory enforcement of gun-control policies in Nigeria is also alarming; most especially whereby belligerent members of some ethnic nationalities like “Hausa-Fulani” found bearing automatic assault weapons without license are treated as untouchables while citizens of other ethnic nationalities like Igbo Ethnic Nationality who hardly bear single barreled guns under non-street crime circumstances, not to talk of assault rifles; are indiscriminately targeted and mass-murdered by the security agencies.
 
Another time-bomb speedily heading for explosion is the alarming rate of sub-State actor arming in Nigeria. The referenced sub-State actor or sub-national entity actor arming is undertaken by various States for the purpose of their “militant vigilantism” activities and other illicit political purposes. At the level of alarming non-State actor arming, there are civilian licit arming and civilian illicit arming; intra and inter communal illicit arming; and inter-tribal and inter-religious illicit arming as well as non-State actor armed groups and political actors’ arming. Both State actor and non-State actor procured arms (licit and illicit) in Nigeria are dominated by small arms and light weapons.
 
Licit State trade in small arms and light weapons is carried out between Nigeria and a number of world’s leading manufacturers of small arms and light weapons such as USA, China, Russia, UK, Canada, France, Germany and EU. This is facilitated through Nigeria’s international waters and aviations (as case may be). The Nigeria’s State arms trade is conducted through its ministries of defense and interior and the office of the National Security Adviser.
 
Illicit arms trade, on the other hand, is carried out using Nigeria’s southern and northern borders and such arms are commonly found in leading markets located in Lagos, Maiduguri, Kano, Onitsha and Aba. The cross-border sources of these small arms and light weapons are traced to two categories of sources of northern and southern destinations. While small arms dominate the southern destinations of Togo, Benin Republic, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast; both small arms and light weapons are illicitly couriered in large quantity from northern destinations of Chad, Niger and Cameroon Republics; partly sourced from Libya, Somalia and Sudan.

 
All the illicit small arms and light weapons (SALWs) produced by the named developed countries found their way into Nigeria through third party or proxy means facilitated by the producer-countries. Some of them landed into Nigeria through their first country of use (i.e. Libya, Somalia, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, etc), while others landed directly from their virgin sources or countries of production (i.e. SALWs in the hands of Niger Delta militants, disbanded Nigeria’s Boko Haram, etc); yet some originate from State armories (i.e. SALWs in the hands of Fulani Janjaweed).
 
It is also very important to point out that the Republic of South Africa still parades the largest number of private military corporations or firms on African Continent; specializing in cross-border trading of mercenaries and sales agents for western countries’ bound illicit small arms and light weapons (SALWs) shipped and sold in Africa under “musketeers” (producers) and “profiteers” (marketers) arrangements. The two referenced parties are commonly referred to as “profiteers of violence”. South Africa is also the only African country to have possessed a nuclear weapon in the 80s and the first country on earth to disband same in early 90s.
 
In all, Government to Government trade in small arms and light weapons (SALWs) are classified as “licit arms trade”, while sale and shipment of same through illegal means are classified as “illicit arms trade”. Such arms can also be purchased illicitly or illegally and used licitly or legally. In the world over, a set of laws governing the use of arms, particularly small arms are classified under “mala prohibita” (laws with different contents and applications in different countries and cultures). This further means that while it is legally permissible for non-combatant citizens to carry certain weapons in a country like USA, it is legally forbidden to do so in another country like Nigeria. State to State trade in small arms and light weapons (SALWs) as well as their use is governed or regulated through sub-regional, regional and international treaties and customary international laws.
 
In Nigeria, procurement and use of small arms and light weapons at communal, inter-communal, tribal, inter-tribal, religious, inter-religious and group and inter-group levels (except for State sanctioned security purposes) are prohibited. At individual or private citizen’s level, procurement and use of high profile small arms and all categories of light weapons are inexcusably prohibited by law. But procurement and use of low profile small arms are allowed under license by relevant authorities of the Nigerian Security Agencies.
 
This is governed by the Firearms Arms Act of 2004. The Act categorizes bearable small arms into prohibited firearms and personal firearms. Any citizen can bear “personal firearms” (i.e. single or double barreled guns, pistols, pump action guns, etc) provided he or she is issued with a renewable license by the Inspector General of Police or through his or her principal subordinate. This is contained in Section 4 of the Act. The procurement and use of “prohibited firearms” (i.e. assault weapons such as A-K 47 guns, machine guns etc) by a citizen is conditioned to a presidential license. This is also contained in Section 3 of the Firearms Act of 2004. For war-like or anti-violent crimes control small arms and light weapons, the State security agencies are empowered by law to deploy them when necessary and under strict regulations. But in practice, these are observed in gross breach by concerned security establishments particularly the Nigeria Police Force.
 
For purpose of clear understanding, small arms and light weapons are weapons that can be carried by a single person, either for military or civilian use. They are commonly referred to as “SALWs” and are relatively cheap, available in abundance, highly portable, long lasting and easy to carry or operate. They range from pistols, assault rifles, machine guns, grenades, mortars to anti tank systems. By light weapons, they are referred to as weapons that are man-portable or transportable by light vehicles and that do not require much in terms of service and logistical back-up training. They comprise small caliber canons, light support weapons, combat grenades, anti-personnel mines, mortars, anti-tank weapons, anti-tank mines, etc.
 
Signed:
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
Mobile Line: +2348174090052
Email: info@intersociety-ng.org, emekaumeagbalasi@yahoo.co.uk
 
Barr Obianuju Joy Igboeli, Head, Civil Liberties & Rule of Law Program
Mobile Line: +2348034186332
 
Barr Chinwe Umeche, Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program
Mobile Line: +2347013238673
 
Website: www.intersociety-ng.org
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Ihechukwu Njoku reports ] - On Sunday May 22, 2016, T.B. Joshua of the Synagogue Church Of All Nations (SCOAN), made some shocking revelations on his Emmanuel TV station concerning Nigeria and the world at large.  The ‘prophet’ spoke on many issues including the recent EgyptAir crash, African politics and agriculture, even warning of a terrorist attack in the United Kingdom.
 
He read out a transcript of the prophecies he had given during his New Year’s Crossover Service, highlighting particularly the national food scarcity. On each point read, he expanded further, detailing what Nigeria and Africa are to expect in the nearest future.
 
FOOD SCARCITY
 
“There will be large scale scarcity, shortage of food. As a state, country, continent, we have to go back to the farm to arrest, to alleviate the forthcoming situation”, he read. Further expanding on the details of the prophecy, he said, “It is only a ‘shortage’ that you are experiencing now; you have not experienced ‘large scale.’ ” Giving further insight,he proclaimed, “This one that I am saying now, ‘scarcity’, ‘large scale’, it's a proverb. Whatever you can do from now till December - all of your money you will use to buy food - you will not have enough to buy.”
 
Also Read => T. B. Joshua: True or False Prophet?
 
Advising those in the real-estate business he said, “If you are the type planning to build a house now, stop it for the mean time. If you are in the business of buying land, stop it for the mean time - look for another business. Stop it for the mean time until February next year. Use that money on the need of people now.”
 
Giving a sombre warning, he said, “I'm preparing you. Get ready; lager scale scarcity is coming!”
 
In the last few days, Nigerians have woken up to the stark reality of the rising food scarcity. Several reports were released on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday detailing the extent of the current national food woes. Tomato ebola, violence from fulani herdsmen, missed harvests and rising transportation costs have all been attributed as the cause of the food shortage and spiralling food prices.
 

On the rise of "tomato ebola", Kaduna state agriculture commissioner, Manzo Daniel, said: "This is only the beginning of a disaster if we don’t take drastic measures because the disease is fast spreading across the north.”
 
NIGERIA'S ECONOMY
 
On the economic plight Nigerians are facing, Joshua read from his beginning of year prophecies: “The president will do everything to reject devaluation of the naira – which is a good idea from a good leader. But there will be overwhelming pressure which he will not be able to resist. Nigeria, we are in a valley. The future is crying for help.”
 
Expanding on the ‘valley’, Joshua said: “I explained that we are in a valley but it is not the valley of the shadow of death. There is no snake or scorpion, it's different. When you are in the valley you will cry and cry but you will still get out of the valley.”
 
Also Read => T. B. Joshua: True or False Prophet?
 
“You have to continue to cut your coat according to your size. Don't just continue to spend your money on something that won't be able to help you. Spend your money on something that the whole world will be looking for - food, shelter.”
 
AFRICAN POLITICS
 
Moving on the political climate in Africa, Joshua noted: “African leaders should quickly arrest the political situation. 50% of counties that do elections, at least 45% of them will face crisis.  More African countries will be under siege by terrorists because of pros and cons in choosing leaders. Mishandling of electoral processes will create a conducive atmosphere for terrorists.”
 
UK TERROR WARNING
 
Joshua also claimed to have seen an attack in the United Kingdom. He said: “Pray for the United Kingdom like the railways, people, and crowds where people gather because I'm seeing some funny people in their country. But I am seeing with prayer and proper security it will be avoided but there will be a sign or trace that this happened but it will not happen the way that it was supposed to have happened but they will know that something happened there.”
 
The day following Joshua's warning, 27 schools had to close nationwide in the UK due to a bomb scare. Apparently, anonymous repeated calls were made to each school, warning of explosive devices. The callers told the receptionists that "if the school called the police the bomb would be detonated immediately". The threats continued on Tuesday with more schools being evacuated.
 
ANOTHER PLANE INCIDENT
 
On the Egypt Air crash, Joshua said: “Egypt has happened and the other one I am seeing is very close and I am going to say the country and the place. This one that I am seeing now is bigger than the one that happened. This one is very close now.
Every airport security must be tight. You should be careful who you employ to fly as a pilot or flight attendant because they too will apply for this kind of job and they will be patient enough; if it is one or two years they will be patient until the achieve their goal.”
 
The cleric dishes out national and international predictions on a regular basis, using the platform of his Sunday services, broadcast live on his Emmanuel TV.
 
While some embrace his prophecies, upholding him as an end-time prophet, others are highly skeptical. Despite mixed reactions to his prophecies and purported miracles, Joshua has a huge following worldwide, with his YouTube Channel having over 350,000 subscribers and 2.2million following him on Facebook.  
 
Ihechukwu Njoku ( Email: chuk.njoku@gmail.com ) reports.
 
*Photo Caption - T. B. Joshua

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
To adequately keep abreast of Nigerian and world news events daily, below is a guide to follow so you do not miss any single news event in Nigeria and around the globe. This means that the news guide is important to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence.
 
STEPS TO FOLLOW NOT TO MISS ANY SINGLE NEWS ITEM
 
1. STEP ONE - Start-off by subscribing to Masterweb RSS News Feed - This is a one time action. Subscription to Masterweb RSS News Feed allows for the automatic download of our news updates to your computer - that way Masterweb news updates come to you automatically. Click here to subscribe to Masterweb RSS News Feed
 
_______
 
2. STEP TWO - Start the day by visiting our Newspapers Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/paperfrmes.html ) and read Nigerian and world news from different sources including Nigerian newspapers.
 
_______
 
3. STEP THREE - Visit both our Nigeria News Headlines ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/NigeriaNewsHeadlines.html/ ) and World News Headlines ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/WorldNewsHeadlines.html/ ) several times (up to 12 times) daily as the pages are updated every 45 minutes. During a visit, if the news is not updated, hit the F1 key on your keyboard to refresh the page for the latest news update.
 
_______
 
4. STEP FOUR - Check out what are on radio and TV in Nigeria and the world by visiting Nigeria Radio & TV News and World Radio & TV News
 
_______
 
5. STEP FIVE - Check out what our news contributors may have posted for the day at our Citizen News ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/blog/ ) and Masterweb Reports Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/Masterweb/ )
 
_______
 
6. STEP SIX - Revisit our Newspapers Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/paperfrmes.html ) before bedtime for late updates and/or following day's early updates by Masterweb and Nigerian newspapers.
 
_______
 
7. YOU ARE NOW FULLY INFORMED FOR THE DAY - If you follow the guide above, you will never miss any news event in the world. This means that you will be fully equipped to engage in any news or current affairs discussion anywhere and any place in the world. Best of luck!
 
8. ALL NEWS LINKS ABOVE ORGANIZED ON ONE PAGE - Masterweb has put together a unique page that has all the news links above that you need to adequately keep abreast of Nigerian and world news events - Click here to go to the page ( the Link or URL is http://www.nigeriamasterweb.com/NeverMissNewsEvents.html ).
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - These are definitely not the best of times for the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). The event of Saturday, 21 May 2016 only confirms the predictions that some of us have made about the party in the past. The party obviously is not prepared for its new role as an opposition party. Except one is either ridiculously optimistic or simply mischievous, the crisis some of us have predicted in the past months since the PDP was defeated in March 2015 came to light on Saturday.
 
I remember wondering if PDP lost it thinking cap to theft when it appointed ex-Borno Governor, Ali Modu Sherriff as acting National Chairman some month ago. I equally remember how some of the party’s supporters “jubilated” at the “strategic decision”. They told us that he is the man to help defeat the All Progressives Congress (APC) in the North East. They suddenly found nothing “linking” him to Boko Haram. Some of these supporters were ready to fight tooth and nail anyone who dares touch the “anointed” Sherriff. His sins are forgiven as far as these ones are concerned until what will later befall ‘our great party’.
 
Life can be funny sometimes. While the supporters of Manchester United were busy celebrating their victory over Crystal Palace on their FA Cup victory, their manager, Luis van Gaal, knew he was living on borrowed time. One can get sacked for winning, not minding the fact that some managers in the same league have kept their jobs even though they are not turning out the trophies. Sherriff’s offence was that he attempted to elongate his tenure to the displeasure of his bosses or the “owners” of the party. Like van Gaal, Sherriff “won” the only election he supervised for PDP which is the Rivers re-run.
 
Sherriff himself will not let go easily. He simply called a press conference in a Port Harcourt hotel to announce a postponement of the convention citing a recent court ruling barring the event from holding. The party chief who must have depended on his lieutenants in the National Working Committee (NWC) was later to find out that he was all alone all along.
 
After making the announcement with him and other NWC members staging a walkout, Uche Secondus, (deputy national chairman of the party) the same man Sherriff took over from some months ago was on ground to “represent” his “boss”. The party at the point nominated former governor of Kaduna, Senator Ahmed Makarfi. What a loyal deputy!
 
If there were intrigues playing out in the Port Harcourt “faction” of the party, the politicians that gathered under what I like to call the Abuja “faction” did not hide their hatred for Sherriff. In fact, the group which appointed former Deputy Senate President, Senator Ibrahim Mantu, as chairman, applauded the decision of the Port Harcourt faction to “sack” Sherriff as the party chair. For the Abuja faction the main objectives “…have been achieved because we wanted a leadership that is credible, a leadership that will emerge through a constitutional process.” How then has he been working in the midst of his known and unknown enemies?
 
Perhaps, Sherriff is either overestimating the PDP from what he knew about the party about 16 years ago or underestimated the power of the new forces in the party to rise against him. I say this because, since Sherriff was governor of Borno state under the defunct All Nigerian Peoples Party (ANPP), he probably envied the “largest party in Africa.” He must have admired the fact that the PDP had more national outlook than his party whose influence starts from the North West and ends in the North East at its very best as against the PDP whose umbrella spreads across all the geo-political zones.
 
He probably did not figure in the fact that things have not remained the same for the party since President Goodluck Jonathan became the President and its leader. The party’s influence in the North as waned significantly afterwards. The party is now controlled by tribal warlords, religious chieftains and “our son” syndrome. It is no longer the national party most people, including Sherriff, know. The governors of the party are many based in the South especially the South-South and South-East geo-political zones. Technically speaking, the chairman who has no base in these power blocs is like building something on nothing and expecting it to stand. Since Sherriff is not ‘our son’, and he dared to have an ambition that negates those of the party bosses, the gang up against him in Garden City is understandable.
 
One of those who earlier supported him to be chairman, Ekiti State Governor Ayo Fayose, speaking through his spokesman, Lere Olayinka, said “I supported Senator Ali Modu Sheriff in good conscience. But when it became obvious that his continuous stay in office as the National Chairman will jeopardize the collective interest of the party, I had no option than to support his removal.” Again, with friends like Fayose, one needs to watch his back carefully!
 
Conflict management, interest articulation and political communications are important functions of every political system. The PDP as a political party needs to be more aware of these functions if it intends to perform in opposition. On this, I say, welcome to the real world!
 
Olalekan Waheed Adigun is a political risk analyst and independent political strategist. Email: olalekan@olalekanadigun.com, adgorwell@gmail.com
 
*Photo Caption - PDP logo

 

Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
To adequately keep abreast of Nigerian and world news events daily, below is a guide to follow so you do not miss any single news event in Nigeria and around the globe. This means that the news guide is important to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence.
 
STEPS TO FOLLOW NOT TO MISS ANY SINGLE NEWS ITEM
 
1. STEP ONE - Start-off by subscribing to Masterweb RSS News Feed - This is a one time action. Subscription to Masterweb RSS News Feed allows for the automatic download of our news updates to your computer - that way Masterweb news updates come to you automatically. Click here to subscribe to Masterweb RSS News Feed
 
_______
 
2. STEP TWO - Start the day by visiting our Newspapers Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/paperfrmes.html ) and read Nigerian and world news from different sources including Nigerian newspapers.
 
_______
 
3. STEP THREE - Visit both our Nigeria News Headlines ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/NigeriaNewsHeadlines.html/ ) and World News Headlines ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/WorldNewsHeadlines.html/ ) several times (up to 12 times) daily as the pages are updated every 45 minutes. During a visit, if the news is not updated, hit the F1 key on your keyboard to refresh the page for the latest news update.
 
_______
 
4. STEP FOUR - Check out what are on radio and TV in Nigeria and the world by visiting Nigeria Radio & TV News and World Radio & TV News
 
_______
 
5. STEP FIVE - Check out what our news contributors may have posted for the day at our Citizen News ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/blog/ ) and Masterweb Reports Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/Masterweb/ )
 
_______
 
6. STEP SIX - Revisit our Newspapers Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/paperfrmes.html ) before bedtime for late updates and/or following day's early updates by Masterweb and Nigerian newspapers.
 
_______
 
7. YOU ARE NOW FULLY INFORMED FOR THE DAY - If you follow the guide above, you will never miss any news event in the world. This means that you will be fully equipped to engage in any news or current affairs discussion anywhere and any place in the world. Best of luck!
 
8. ALL NEWS LINKS ABOVE ORGANIZED ON ONE PAGE - Masterweb has put together a unique page that has all the news links above that you need to adequately keep abreast of Nigerian and world news events - Click here to go to the page ( the Link or URL is http://www.nigeriamasterweb.com/NeverMissNewsEvents.html ).
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Nurudeen Oyewole reports ] - The Chief Magistrate Court sitting in Ikeja has granted a remand application brought before it by Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) seeking to remand former Aviation minister, Mr. Femi Fani Kayode over an alleged N1.4 billion fraud.‎
 

‎While granting the anti-graft agency’s request, presiding Chief Magistrate, Bola Osunsanmi said the former minister failed to exhibit any document before the court to show that he had been charged before any court for the alleged offence and as such should be kept in custody for 21 days pending his arraignment at an appropriate court.

 



Fani-Kayode was the Director of Media in the dissolved re-election campaign team of former President Goodluck Jonathan. He was said to have been named as a beneficiary of the ‎arms probe scandal to the tune of N1.4 billion.
 

‎Counsel to EFCC, Mr. A. N. Anana had argued before the court that the remand application was issued in pursuant to Section 261 of Administration of Criminal Justice Act, ACJA, 2011, of Lagos State, pending the time Fani-Kayode would be properly arraigned at the appropriate court.
 

But in a counter-submission, counsel to Fani-Kayode, Wale Balogun informed the court that the EFCC by its application was actually breaching his client’s constitutional rights because he had been granted an administrative bail by the EFCC but was never allowed to perfect it.
 

In her ruling, Osunsanmi said since Fani-Kayode could not prove before the court that he was being tried for the same offence in another court, his objection to the application could not stand.

 
*Photo Caption - Femi Fani Kayode

[ Masterweb Reports: Ronald Mutum reports ] - A Boko Haram chief bomb maker was killed by another member of the sect when he attempted to leave the group yesterday, the Nigerian Army said. Army spokesman, Colonel Sani Usman, described the incident as a major breakthrough in the current clearance and rescue operation by the military.

 

He said it also confirmed that all was not well within the Boko Haram ranks. He said: “The chief bomb maker, apart from his high status in the command structure of the Boko Haram, was one of their capable hands involved in making Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), coming after their chief scientist, called Abu RPG (who has been killed long ago).”
 

“The chief bomb maker  was killed by one of the bodyguards of the Boko Haram leader, Abubakar Shekau, as he was about to run away just like several others are doing because of the intensity of Operation Crackdown,” Usman said.
 

He said one Julelebeeb who was appointed to take over is now completely blind after his eyes were shattered by shrapnel in the process of preparing an IED.

 
*Photo Caption - Nigeria Army banner

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - There are several categories of Nigerians today who accepted the fuel price hike: some are the fanatical and diehard partisans; these will literally eat nails if the President tells them to. Then there are the plain hypocrites: these include a former labor leader turned governor, a former presidential vice candidate and pastor and the northern elders forum. These types have vested interests in the government and would be noted to have said stuff like, "we support the subsidy removal," in spite of the fact that no subsidy was removed as this was removed in entirety since January of this year. A third group are the hopeful. The many desperate Nigerians who have been starved and suffered throughout the the first year of the Buhari administration with the artificial scarcity induced and maintained by NNPC and cabal marketer hoarding. It is for these hopefuls that this analysis is directed.
 
The truth is that just the way Kachikwu lied on March 23rd of this year when he promised that in two months, as soon as he finishes "strategically reserving" or hoarding fuel, there will be enough for the queues to disappear; that's the same way his promise that the pump price will reduce is a complete "419" sham. Do not asphyxiate waiting for Premium Motor Spirit, PMS, to decrease below the N135 lower margin set by the petroleum ministry. It wont. I'll explain:
 
Variables of the Regulation (not deregulation)
 
Firstly: the current pump price of PMS cannot fall simply because it is not deregulated and labile but fixed. Kachikwu fixed the price between N135 and N145. So it can never drop UNLESS and UNTIL Buhari and Kachikwu choose to drop it. 
 
Secondly, the reason why the price is where it is today is two variable factors: the first is the global oil price and the second is the strength of the dollar in the black market which Kachikwu has condemned Nigerians to source dollars from to import PMS. The current dollar rate in the black market is N320-360. The Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) pushed the source rate even below parallel market rate to N285.00 which is causing enough stress for marketers.
 
Now with Nigeria being an oil based mono economy with the Naira strength dependent on Nigeria's only major export, oil, the strength of the Naira varies inversely with the price of oil. At ~N300 the pump price of PMS is set at N135-145. For the price at the pump to decrease, the Naira must appreciate in value. For the Naira to appreciate in value, the price of oil must rise, and if the price of oil rises, the price of PMS also rises and as such the cost at the pump will not drop but rather stay more at a constant. And if the price of oil and consequently the price to import PMS drops globally then while the import cost will drop, the cost in Naira will increase (i.e. as the value of Naira drops) and so the Nigerian pump PMS price will rise/remain constant.
 
In statistical terms, where global oil prices (proportional to import PMS prices) is the independent variable, the Naira value (which resonates with the final pump price) is the dependent variable. As the global oil price varies, so does the Naira value and final pump price.
 
To confirm this analysis, one only has to look back to 2012 when former President Goodluck Jonathan attempted to remove the oil subsidy. At that time, had he removed the subsidy, the price of PMS  per litre was going to be set at N146.00. Which is exactly where we are today. At that time while oil was high, Naira was low (i.e., it was stronger), and yet the final price of PMS by virtue of its true and unsubsidized value was N146. In 2012 the Naira-Dollar exchange rate was about 160. And then, in 2012 the PPRA’s template average the landing cost for PMS was N131.10 per litre. In 2012, the cost of a barrel of oil was ~ $86.00.
 
Factors that can bring pump PMS prices down
 
Unless the import process is subsidized by the government, the price at the pump cannot drop based on the factors as listed above. Unless Buhari and Kachikwu plan to reintroduce the subsidy they removed in January, there is no way that their promise of pump prices falling is no more than another fib. Similarly, unless the government decides to return to providing CBN forex for fuel instead of preferentially reserving the CBN dollars for the cabal and their refineries and other private projects only. We don't see this happening.
 
The other factors that can drop pump prices by a tiny fraction include, a miraculous strengthening of the Nigerian economy and Naira value due to trade dynamics independent of oil. This is of course rather unlikely anytime soon and not a basis for false promises and hope.
 
The third factor that can crash pump PMS prices is locally refined fuel. However for this to drop prices there will have to be a complete ban on oil cabal import marketers; because if locally refined fuel is to be sold at a cheaper price at the pump, the marketer cabal will not be able to sell their more expensive imported fuel. The two systems cannot exist in tandem. This is what Kachikwu is not telling you. Today as it stands, NNPC imported fuel with CBN N197 dollars can easily sell at under N100/liter. The Federal government is making a profit on the citizenry of almost N50/liter for its 50% imported product. The reason why the government set a range (regulated and did not deregulate pump prices), the N135-N145 fixed margin with the lower regulated N135 hiked limit is to enable cabal marketers import and sell at a profit. The N135 minimum is set to protect the marketers. For the pump price to drop, the cabal must be eliminated from the picture. Again I will advise Nigerians not to asphyxiate expecting Kachikwu to eliminate the cabal and reduce investor stock value in their private refinery projects. 
 
And then finally, in 2018 or 19 when the government and pauper subsidized Dangote refinery is functional, unless it sells PMS at considerate rates will fuel prices drop. But again, don't asphyxiate. From the record of the global highest price and double global mean that Dangote sells his cement to Nigerians after all the subsidies, tax breaks, duty waivers, free land and gifted government assets and subsidized dollars we availed him, we can easily predict that his refinery end product price will be anything but a "dropped" one.
 
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: drbrimah@gmail.com ) reports.
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
To adequately keep abreast of Nigerian and world news events daily, below is a guide to follow so you do not miss any single news event in Nigeria and around the globe. This means that the news guide is important to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence.
 
STEPS TO FOLLOW NOT TO MISS ANY SINGLE NEWS ITEM
 
1. STEP ONE - Start-off by subscribing to Masterweb RSS News Feed - This is a one time action. Subscription to Masterweb RSS News Feed allows for the automatic download of our news updates to your computer - that way Masterweb news updates come to you automatically. Click here to subscribe to Masterweb RSS News Feed
 
_______
 
2. STEP TWO - Start the day by visiting our Newspapers Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/paperfrmes.html ) and read Nigerian and world news from different sources including Nigerian newspapers.
 
_______
 
3. STEP THREE - Visit both our Nigeria News Headlines ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/NigeriaNewsHeadlines.html/ ) and World News Headlines ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/WorldNewsHeadlines.html/ ) several times (up to 12 times) daily as the pages are updated every 45 minutes. During a visit, if the news is not updated, hit the F1 key on your keyboard to refresh the page for the latest news update.
 
_______
 
4. STEP FOUR - Check out what are on radio and TV in Nigeria and the world by visiting Nigeria Radio & TV News and World Radio & TV News
 
_______
 
5. STEP FIVE - Check out what our news contributors may have posted for the day at our Citizen News ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/blog/ ) and Masterweb Reports Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/Masterweb/ )
 
_______
 
6. STEP SIX - Revisit our Newspapers Section ( www.nigeriamasterweb.com/paperfrmes.html ) before bedtime for late updates and/or following day's early updates by Masterweb and Nigerian newspapers.
 
_______
 
7. YOU ARE NOW FULLY INFORMED FOR THE DAY - If you follow the guide above, you will never miss any news event in the world. This means that you will be fully equipped to engage in any news or current affairs discussion anywhere and any place in the world. Best of luck!
 
8. ALL NEWS LINKS ABOVE ORGANIZED ON ONE PAGE - Masterweb has put together a unique page that has all the news links above that you need to adequately keep abreast of Nigerian and world news events - Click here to go to the page ( the Link or URL is http://www.nigeriamasterweb.com/NeverMissNewsEvents.html ).
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.