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[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Public Security & Safety, Onitsha Nigeria, 4th July 2015)-On 28th June 2015, we issued a strong worded public statement, condemning “the proposed transfer” of Boko Haram Terror detainees to Anambra Prisons at Ezinifite/Ekwulobia in Aguata Local Government Area. This followed State-wide protests by Igbo traders based in Anambra State, which took place on 27th June 2015. Hours after the issuance of the widely circulated and read statement, we were reliably informed with a shock that 47 Boko Haram Terror detainees had already been transferred and dumped at the said Prisons. As a matter of fact, they were brought into the Prisons under heavy escort by soldiers of the Nigerian Army in the night of Saturday, 27th June 2015; hours after the said protests.
 
Condemned: The denials of the transfer of the said detainees by the authorities of the Nigerian Prisons Service and the leadership of the All Progressives Congress (APC) of the Southeast Zone are hereby condemned. We had in the statement rejected the so called “denials” and described them as “damage control and spinning strategies usually adopted by public officers in Nigeria to mislead Nigerians and extricate themselves from public bashing over unpopular public policies and conducts”. Our rejection of the so called “denials” has totally vindicated us.
 
Commended: The official public statement made by Governor Willie Obiano of Anambra State through his media aide, Mr. James Ezeh; confirming the detainees’ transfer and efforts he made to stop it, is very commendable. But for that statement issued in late evening of Sunday, 28th June 2015, paid writers and analysts would not only have a field day, but also the People of Anambra State and other Southeasterners and South-southerners would have been kept in the dark over the fact that “their enemies are already at their doorstep.
 
Shocked: We are totally shocked and alarmed over the reduction of the calamitous and death-trap development to “politics of incumbent and predecessor” in Anambra gubernatorial seats by the camps of Governor Willie Obiano and former Governor Peter Obi. We had on 13th June 2015 intervened in another infantile and unnecessary faceoff over who did what with respect to reconstruction and completion of the Nkpor-Awka Old Road. Our intervention on the issue was for the purpose of putting the records straight. We, hereby, frown at the loyalists of the present and the former gubernatorial occupants in Anambra State for resorting to infantile approach in addressing the high profiled security risk, capable of turning Anambra State and the entire Southeast and South-south into rubbles and mass graveyards.
 
Criminological Questions On Latest Accusations: Following accusations lately to the effect that “former Governor Peter Obi and former President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan (GEJ) masterminded the transfer of Boko Haram Terror detainees to Anambra Prisons at Ezinifite/Ekwulobia in Aguata; following a 2012 agreement, delayed for the purpose of 2015 polls and GEJ second term bid; and another that Gov Willie Obiano masterminded the terror detainees’ transfer”; we wish to direct the following expert-questions to the two political camps particularly to Mr. Chinedu Obidigwe, who made the most striking of the accusations and holds forth as Governor Willie Obiano’s Special Adviser on Political Matters.
 
The Questions are the following:
 

  1. What month and date and place in 2012 was the agreement reached?
  2. How many Boko Haram detainees were arrested, charged and remanded in Prisons in Nigeria as at 2012?
  3. Are the Boko Haram Terror suspects recently transferred to Ezinifite/Ekwulobia in Anambra Prisons and presently detained, the same with those arranged for delayed transfer in 2012?
  4. Which of Prisons facilities in Nigeria were they being detained as at 2012?
  5. Can a mere prisoners’ transfer resulted to a formal agreement between two tiers of government involving a President and a State Governor?
  6. Is it circumstantially grounded in facts and truth that an agreement of that nature can be delayed or put on hold in 2012 over a presidential poll that would take place in three years time (2015)?
  7. How possible and factual is it for a governor with expiring tenure, which, indeed, ended in March 2014 to negotiate a prisoners’ transfer deal to be executed 15 months after his exit particularly when he was not handing over to an enemy administration?
  8. Have the 47 Boko Haram Terror detainees presently held at Ezinifite/Ekwulobia Prisons been convicted by a court of competent jurisdiction warranting their present status making them eligible for prisoners’ transfer?
  9. What is the judicial and security policy rationale behind transferring “awaiting trial inmates” to a far judicial and security jurisdiction when the court system in Nigeria is still over reliant on “pen, paper and file” (non computerization) and physical evidence system?
  10. How many Boko Haram Terror suspects were convicted and sentenced in Nigeria as at 2012?
  11. What effect(s) would the transfer, normally done administratively and non-publicly, have had on former President Goodluck Jonathan’s second term bid (2015), when he had spent just one year (2012) into his first elective presidential term?

To those accusing Governor Willie Obiano:
 

  1. What does the Governor Obiano stand to gain by influencing the transfer of Boko Haram Terror detainees to his State where he is the Chief Security Officer?
  2. Can the Governor consciously and wittingly endanger the collective and individual security of the State, more so when security (control of violent crimes) remains his major achievement?

While we wait for detailed public responses to the questions so directed at the named camps, we make bold to say that the present Federal Government under Alhaji Muhammadu Buhari should be held vicariously and individually responsible for a clear case of escalation of Boko Haram insurgency particularly its importation into Anambra State and the Southeast Zone by way of unpopular transfer of terror detainees for the purpose of endangering the collective and individual security of the people of the Zone. It remains our firm position that the confirmed transfer is politically motivated and ill conceived. The action of the Federal Government should be condemned relentlessly until it is officially and popularly reversed.
 
Signed:
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi, B.Sc. (Hons) Criminology & Security Studies & IVLP Alumnus of US State Dept (2013)
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
+2348174090052(office)
info@intersociety-ng.org, emekaumeagbalasi@yahoo.co.uk
 
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor, Esq., (LLB, BL), Head, Campaign & Publicity Department
 
Chiugo Onwuatugwu, Esq., (LLB, BL), Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program
 
Obianuju Igboeli, Esq., (LLB, BL), Head, Civil Liberties & Rule of Law Program

 
*Photo Caption – As seen

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Civil Governance & Citizens’ Rights, Onitsha Nigeria, 5th July 2015)-Following the theme for 2014 World Human Rights Declaration (66th Anniversary), adopted by the United Nations, to the effect that “Every Day Is World Human Rights Day”, the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety) has resolved to remind the people of Nigeria, classified by Section 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999, as amended in 2011; as “all authorities and persons exercising executive, judicial and legislative powers (as well as the citizens)” on the need to be mindful at all times of their sacred obligations to the society and the people contained in the Social Contract.
 
This is as a result of the fact that social woes bedeviling Nigeria in contemporary times are attributed to non adherence to and ignorant of the Social Contract and its obligations. Our sole objective is to expose Nigerians, again, to how Social Contract gave birth to limited democratic government and human rights just as philosophy gave birth to natural and social sciences. The overall goal is to see publicly moderated civil governance and constitutionally moderated social conducts in Nigeria for the purpose of ensuring maximum happiness for maximum number of Nigerian people democratically, socially, culturally, politically, economically and safety-wise.
 
Human Rights Defined: They are inalienable, indissoluble and indivisible rights to which all human beings are equally entitled, irrespective of creed, nationality, race, political opinions, color, social affinity, age, ethnicity, religion or sex . The enjoyment of these rights is not absolute, and is subject to respecting the rights and freedoms of others and community rights and responsibilities put in place in a democratic setting to ensure public security, safety, order, morality, cohesion and peaceful coexistence. Above all, the foundations of the United Nations, the African Union and the Federal Republic of Nigeria are all laid upon Freedom, Equality and Justice. This is in accordance with the Charters of the UN and the AU as well as the Preamble of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.
 
Types of Human Rights: There are Right to Life, Right to Personal Liberty, Right to Dignity of Human Person, Right to Freedom of Movement, Right to Freedom of Conscience, Thought & Religion (popularized in 304 AD by an Emperor Pope), Right to Peaceful Assembly & Association, Right to Education, Right to Work, Right to Freedom of Expression & Press, Right to Privacy & Family, Right to Freedom from Discrimination, Right to Own Immovable Property, Right to Fair Hearing, Right to Rest & Leisure, Right to Social Life & Social Amenities, Right to Vote or be Voted for at Elections, Right to Participate in the Public Affairs of one’s country & Serve in Public Office, Right to Equal Pay for Equal Work done, Right to Good Working Environment, Right to Health, Right to Shelter, Right to Clothing, Right to Citizenship, Right to Independent Opinion, Right to Parental Care, Right to Asylum & Refugee, Right to Live within and across Borders, Right to Equality before the Law, Right to Compensation in the event of Rights Abuse, Right to Development, Right to Self Determination and Right to Live in Healthy Environment.
 
Human Rights Categorized: Human Rights are majorly categorized into Three Generations of Human Rights. First generation rights are called Civil & Political Rights, i.e. right to life and right to freedom of expression. The second generation rights are called Economic, Social & Cultural Rights, i.e. right to education, right to work and right to rest and leisure. The third generation rights are called Collective or Solidarity Rights, i.e. rights to citizens’ welfare, security and peaceful coexistence. There is also another popularly called Fourth Generation Rights or Environmental Rights, i.e. rights to healthy environment and development.
 
That is to say that there are (1) individual rights or civil liberties, (2) collective or community rights, (3) social emancipation and cohesive rights and (4) environmental rights and protection duties. There are also citizens’ civic responsibilities; likewise government duties to the citizens. In the right to life, for instance, no government has a right to take away life of any citizen arbitrarily. This means that government can take away the life of any citizen provided it is in accordance with the law such as executing the sentence of a court of competent jurisdiction in matters involving capital punishment or in defense of rights of others like during violent disturbances or in armed conflicts (civilians exempted).
 
On the other hand, no citizen has a right to take away the life of another, except in extreme circumstances like in self defense, in the event of a murderous attack. No citizen has a right to take away his or her life no matter the circumstances. Also no corporate body, i.e. business and social enterprises or civil society bodies, has a right to take away the life of any citizen. In the event of violation of such right, the criminal law will pounce heavily on them individually or collectively. In the event of individual criminal responsibility, the perpetrators caught will be charged and prosecuted for murder and in the event of collective criminal responsibility; members of the incorporated trustees or leadership of such body will be charged for manslaughter (lesser degree of murder charge and punishment).
 
Origins Of Human Rights: God or Divinity-The first origin of Human Rights is commonly believed to have come from God as thus: (a) He created human beings in dignity and equality, (b) human beings so created were endowed with conscience, reason and self control above other animals and living things, (c) human beings so created were asked to love their neighbors and live in peace at all times. On the other hand, human beings, uncontrollably, are inherently beastly, wicked, domineering and selfish (Thomas Hobbes); not usually against themselves, but against their fellow human beings, which they have extended to other living things and environment leading to gross rights and environmental abuses.
 
To earthly and humanly tame or control the above beastly manifestations in human beings, the Social Contract was put in place by philosophical thinkers of the old. The Social Contract was inspired by the Holy Book’s instruction- do to others what you will want them do to you and refrain from doing to them what you will not do to them. The historical Social Contract is dated back to several centuries and became globally popular and recognized in 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th century ADs. It was particularly popularized by the great philosophical works of the trio of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), John Locke (1632-1704) and Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778).

 
To Jean Jacques Rousseau, man was indeed born free, but everywhere in chains. For Thomas Hobbes, the happiness of man in a society has been gripped by fear of violent death in the hands of another. The two great philosophers favored a society in which the society and its people were sovereign and free leading to a community where a group of free individuals agree for the sake of their common (social contract) good and protection to form institutions to govern themselves. John Locke added more popularity to the greatness of Social Contract.
 
In his 1690 famous book called the Second Treatise of Civil Government, John Locke saw and called for a situation where a free, equal and independent people agreed to be governed in return for certain secure enjoyment for their individual rights, which the courts and police powers of a government can enforce leading to every free individual having a moral right to be protected from arbitrary interference by government or other individuals, of his or her sacred rights. These reinforce the legal philosophy of man’s equality in dignity and rights and inevitable justifications for their protection by a limited government.
 
Therefore, the first universality of Human Rights in modern time came from the great philosophical work of John Locke, from where the first President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson took his country’s independence declaration’s great speech of July 6, 1776. The most popular part of the speech is as follows: “We hold these truths to be self evident that all men (and women) are created equal and endowed with certain natural and inalienable rights, and most important being of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. And to protect these rights, men set up government whose authority rests on their consent. And whenever a government ceases to do what it has been set up for, its citizens have a right to change it or its order and put in place a new government or a new order that will provide for their safety and happiness”.
 
From the foregoing, therefore, Human Rights originated from three main sources (God or divinity, legal and political philosophies and US Independence Declaration/United Nations). In other words, Human Rights were created by God and earthly promoted and expanded by great thinkable philosophers like Jean Rousseau, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in the form of Social Contract; and popularized and codified by the American Independence Declaration/Constitution of 1776 and the United Nations. Also modern day democratic and limited government originated simultaneously with human rights from the Social Contract, just the same way social vices gave birth to crime leading to formation of its control entities like courts and policing bodies. In this respect, limited and democratic government is a caretaker body put in place by the Social Contract for defense, promotion and protection of Human Rights and good governance.
 
International, Regional & Local Human Rights Instruments: The mother-general of the global Human Rights instruments is called the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was proclaimed by the United Nations on 10th December 1948. The UDHR contained 30 Articles covering the Four Generations of Human Rights highlighted above. The UDHR is morally binding on all 193 member-States of the UN and other authorities and persons around the world.
 
Other important human rights instruments of international background are International Covenants on Civil & Political Rights and Economic, Social & Cultural Rights; enacted in 1966 and opened for ratification in 1976. Nigeria ratified them in 1993. They are legally binding on all authorities and persons around the world. There are hundreds of other internationally, regionally and locally recognized human rights instruments owing to the fact that all human rights are indivisible, indissoluble and inter-related, i.e. no human rights can be enjoyed fully in the absence of the other (i.e. right to life cannot do without rights to food, rest and leisure). Regionally, there is an important regional human rights declaration called “the African Charter on Human & Peoples Rights”; enacted by the African Heads of States and Government in Nairobi, Kenya in 1981. Nigeria ratified and domesticated it in 1983. There are also the UN Conventions against Torture and Gender (Women) Discrimination as well as the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Indigenous Peoples, to mention but few.
 
Locally, there is the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999, as amended last in 2011. The Constitution has various provisions for human rights including Fundamental Human Rights in its Chapter Four (sections 33-46 including judicial safeguards or remedies). It also contains provisions for Social Contract called Fundamental Objectives & Directive Principles of State policy as well as non-justiciable Human Rights provisions. These can be found in Sections 13-23 of the Constitution. The duties of the citizens or civic responsibilities are also contained in Section 24 (a-f) of the Constitution. It is also important to mention that not all the rights highlighted above are contained in the Chapter Four or Fundamental Human Rights provisions (sections 33-46) in the 1999 Constitution.
 
Of 32 rights highlighted above, only twelve of them are provided for in the Constitution of Nigeria 1999, under Fundamental Human Rights Chapter. They are Right to Life, Right to Dignity of Human Person, Right to Personal Liberty, Right to Fair Hearing, Right to Family Life, Right to Freedom of Thought, Conscience & Religion, Right to Freedom of Expression & Press, Right to Peaceful Assembly & Association, Right to Freedom of Movement, Right to Freedom from Discrimination and Right to Acquire & Own Immovable Property Anywhere in Nigeria. Some, if not many of these rights are also provided with ouster clauses (practically and judicially inoperable) particularly subsections 2 and 4 of Sections 33 and 35 on rights to life and personal liberty as well as non-justiciable Human Rights provisions in the Chapter Two, i.e. rights to free education and free medical treatment.
 
The ouster clause in the said Chapter Two, which can be found in paragraph c of subsection 6 of Section 6 of the Constitution, clearly states as follows: “the judicial powers vested in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this section, shall not , except as otherwise provided by the Constitution, extend to any issue or question as to whether any act or omission by any authority or person or as to whether any law or judicial decision is in conformity with the Fundamental Objectives & Directive Principles of State Policy, set out in Chapter Two of this Constitution”. By this, no judicial action can successfully be brought against any authority or person holding executive, judicial or legislative office in Nigeria with respect to any act or omission associated with the country’s version of the Social Contract contained in the Chapter Two of the Constitution under the Fundamental Objectives & Directive Principles of State Policy.
 
There are other Social Contract/Human Rights associated provisions in the Constitution of Nigeria 1999 as amended. For instance, by the Preamble of the Constitution, “the constitution of Nigeria is created for the purpose of promoting the good government and welfare of all persons in our country on the principles of Freedom, Equality and Justice, and for the purpose of Consolidating the unity of the our people”. By Section 1 (1) of the same Constitution, “this Constitution is supreme and its provisions shall have binding force on all authorities and persons throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria”. By its subsection 2, “the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall not be governed, nor shall person or group of persons take control of the government of Nigeria or any part thereof, except in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution”. By its subsection 3, “if any other law is inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution, the Constitution shall prevail, and that other law shall to the extent of its inconsistency be void”.
 
By Section 13 of the Constitution under the Fundamental Objectives & Directive Principles of State Policy, “it shall be the duty of all organs of government, and all authorities and persons, exercising legislative, executive or judicial powers in Nigeria, to conform to, observe and apply the provisions of this chapter of the Constitution (Chapter Two)”. By Section 14 (2) (a), “it is hereby, accordingly, declared that sovereignty belongs to the people of Nigeria from whom government through this Constitution derives all its powers and authority”. By its subsection 2 (b), “the security and welfare of the people of Nigeria shall be the primary purpose of government”; and by its subsection 2 (c), “the participation by the people in their government shall be ensured, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution”.
 
Finally, we call upon all authorities and persons, exercising executive, judicial and legislative powers at Nigeria’s three tiers of Federal, State and Local Government levels to ensure fulfillment at all times of sacred obligations demanded of them by the hallowed Social Contract and the Constitution. On the other hand, the citizens, particularly the attentive segment (i.e. mass media and rights based CSOs), must at all times hold the government to account, in accordance with Sections 22 (governance oversight roles of the mass media) and 39 (right to freedom of expression & press) of the Constitution, and relentlessly educate other members of the public particularly the un-attentive segment, on the importance of public moderation at all times of civil governance as well as strict adherent to the Constitution in general societal conducts.
 
We totally subscribe to the recommendation of the late Chief Gani Fawehinmi, SAN, who recommended that every citizen of reasoning age in Nigeria must have a copy of the 1999 Constitution (“Nigerian Bible”), kept in his or her hand and family at all times. We wish to add that every citizen of reasoning age in Nigeria must have a hard or soft copy of the 1999 Constitution. The soft copy may be stored in his or her mobile phone or desk and laptop computers. Both hard and soft copies must be read or consulted from time to time so as to understand the fundamental provisions of the Constitution including human rights as well as the duties of the government and the citizens.
 
Support Our Human Rights Advocacy Project On: http://www.intersocietyng.org/programmes/support-our-campaign-activities
 
Signed:
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi, B.Sc. (Hons) Criminology & Security Studies
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety)
+2348174090052 (office)
emekaumeagbalasi@yahoo.co.uk
 
Chiugo Onwuatuegwu, Esq., (LLB, BL), Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program

 
*Photo Caption – As seen

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.



Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Constitutional Supremacy & Rule of Law, Onitsha Nigeria, 26th June 2015)-By Section 1 (1) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 as amended last in 2011; this Constitution is supreme and its provisions shall have binding force on all authorities and persons throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria. By its subsection 2, the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall not be governed, nor shall person or group of persons take control of the government of Nigeria or any part thereof, except in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. By its subsection 3, if any other law is inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution, the Constitution shall prevail, and that other law shall to the extent of the inconsistency be void.
 
By Section 4(1) of the Constitution, the legislative powers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be vested in a National Assembly for the Federation which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives. By its subsection 2, the National Assembly shall have power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Federation or any part thereof with respect to any matter included in the Exclusive Legislative List set out in the Part 1 of the Second Schedule to this Constitution.
 
By Section 13 of the Constitution under the Fundamental Objectives & Directive Principles of State Policy, it shall be the duty of all organs of government (including the National Assembly), and all authorities and persons, exercising legislative, executive or judicial powers, to conform to, observe and apply the provisions of this chapter of the Constitution (peace, order and good government). By Section 14 (2) (a) of the Constitution, it is hereby, accordingly, declared that sovereignty belongs to the people of Nigeria from whom government through this Constitution derives all its powers and authority. By its subsection 2 (b), the security and welfare of the people of Nigeria shall be the primary purpose of government; and 2 (c), the participation by the people in their government shall be ensured, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.
 
The summary of important constitutional citations above is that there are three existing sovereignties in the country-the people, the constitution and the sovereign territory called “Nigeria”; of these, the people is the primus inter pares or first among equals. The above citations also show that government exists for the fundamental purpose of ensuring the welfare of the people as well as peace and order of the territory called “Nigeria”. This means that without a people, there can never be the constitution and territorial sovereignty; just as without quest to quench stomach hunger, there could never be agriculture, which gave birth to towns and communities leading to the formation of countries and societies such as that called “Nigeria”.
 
In the case of Nigeria, though the people are the first among equals in the realm of the three sovereignties, but the Constitution is made the prime minister and chief executive officer and can only be removed by election or by a vote of no confidence (constitutional referendum or conference or major amendment).
 
The Constitution of Nigeria is, therefore, jealous and demands total obedience and adherence to all its provisions. By virtue of Supplementary Section 15 (b) of Part 1 of the Third Schedule to the Constitution, which empowers the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to register political parties in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and an Act of the National Assembly (i.e. INEC Establishment Act of 2004 & Electoral Act of 2010); the All Progressives Congress (APC) was recognized and registered as a political party by INEC after ensuring that its bylaw is totally submissive to the Constitution of Nigeria and its subsidiary legislations (Acts of the National Assembly). In other words, the Party was administratively created by INEC.
 
It, therefore, saddens our heart that the Party has arrogated itself the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, by foisting its clannish will on Nigerians and its hallowed Constitution. By having the effrontery to write an open letter to the leadership of the National Assembly, dictating to it how to run its national legislative affairs; the Party has constituted itself into a national nuisance warranting immediate scrapping and de-registration. Though the decision of the leaderships of Senate and House of Reps to ignore the Party’s recent parochial letter is commendably thought out; but the calamitous conducts of the Party must be urgently checkmated; otherwise, the country will go up in flames. The recent rowdy and near violent proceedings of the two-chamber National Assembly leading to a long legislative adjournment to July 21 by the House of Reps must also be totally blamed on the Party (APC).
 
It is shocking that a Party that emerged nationally through a mixture of change alarmism and Jega electronic voting card magic appears to be further bent on plunging the country into a national crisis, by biting more than it can chew. Its few policies so far have started raising a national dust. From uncoordinated and flimsy bombardments of vulnerable communities in some States of the South-south, claiming a declaration of war against real or imaginary oil militants which can explode into renewed hostilities; to false claims that its new President met an empty treasury, the Party must be called to order nationally, regionally and internationally.
 
The national leadership of APC must be reminded again that its conducts are threatening and undermining the provisions of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the security and welfare of Nigerians. It should further be reminded that a clannish and infantile Party bylaw and its rules of conduct can never challenge or lord itself over the Constitution. The importance and supremacy of a political party starts and ends with primary and main elections and ceases the moment its elected members are administered with constitutional oaths of office and allegiance as well as their constitutional vow to be bound by the constitutional code of conduct.
 
Signed:
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
 
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor-Nwonu, Esq., Head, Campaign & Publicity
 
*Photo Caption – Nigeria National Assembly Complex
 

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Masterweb developed this page in a bid to daily keep you abreast of Nigerian and world news events so you are well informed and do not miss any news occurrence in Nigeria and around the globe. Most Nigerian newspapers are updated daily. Nigeria and World News Headlines are uptaded every ten minutes as events unfold in the world. 
 
This news page is a useful tool to both Nigerians and everybody irrespective of his or her nationality and country of residence in keeping abreast of current news around the world. We have millions of satisfied users of this page, some of who have made financial contributions in supporting the page and its component link sections.  
 
 
Use the links below to update yourself of today's news events - 
 
 
 
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian Newspapers
 
=> Click To Read Nigerian News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read World News Headlines
 
=> Click To Read Nigeria Radio & TV News
 
=> Click To Read World Radio & TV News
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

 [ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - An adage says, “Show me your friend and I will tell you who you are.” This should be reframed “Show me your leader and I will tell you the follower you are.” This shows that leaders and followers co-create each other. There can be no leadership without followership and the reverse is also true. In his wonderful book, The Wretched of the Earth, the French-born Algerian statesman, Frantz Fanon argued that ultimately the people get the kind of leaders they deserve; and the leaders deserve the kind of followers they get. After all, a leader is anyone called to guide, teach, command, motivate, inspire or plan. By this, we all are leaders.
 
The National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS) which has a glorious past in the 70s and the 80s due to its strong stance in defence of interests of students and the downtrodden in the society. But what went wrong suddenly? Today it is difficult to distinguish NANS activities from motor park touts. The Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) made this point early 2014 when Delta State NANS Joint Campus Committee executives paid the Union a courtesy visit. So where are the leaders of tomorrow?
 
Like NANS, a University Campus branch of the Non-Academic Staff Union of Universities and Other Educational Institutions (NASU) did something quite amusing. Its members’ monetized benefits were allegedly cornered by the Vice Chancellor thus provoking the Union to embark on an indefinite strike. It is instructive to know that the Union leader, on been summarily promoted by the University Management from level 4 to 7 suddenly abandoned the poor workers and mortgaged their futures for personal gratification. Do we still have the moral authority to question our leaders when they collect huge World Bank/IMF loans and these never get home?
 
The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) embarked on industrial action in 2009. The Union accuses the Minister of Education, Dr. Sam Egwu of not heeding to the plights of the Union because his children like those of other high ranking public officials in Government had their children in foreign Universities. Suffice to say that ASUU threatened to publish the names of public officers’ children in foreign Universities. The Minister also claimed he has the names of children of ASUU members studying abroad and threatened to publish their names. We are yet to see any lists from both sides till this day!
 
I have cited these instances just to justify the assertion that leaders and followers are co-creators.
 
Dynamism is one of the hallmarks of leadership. If we continue to use the same old responses, worn-out theories, old failed approaches instead of creating new ones we honestly aren’t expecting things to change. I am sure no one recalls experiencing bomb blasts being a daily practice two decades ago. These are the realities we live by in Nigeria today. But to respond with an overtly short-staffed, ill-equipped security agencies to a fire-emitting Boko Haram is to say the least crooked thinking. The Americans were told in clear language that they were in the 21st Century and no longer the Civil War, Cold War, Vietnam, or Gulf War Years of the 20th Century during the 9/11 attacks. Robert Green in his book, The 33 Strategies of War noted that there is nothing good that comes out of fighting the last war.
 
Just as a confused leader cannot lead effectively, so are a divided, unfocused, disorganized and disoriented people cannot follow. The latter is been taken advantage of by unscrupulous politicians for cheap political gains. So, leaders and followers are not independent of each other.
 
Only clear-headed persons can effectively lead. But ordinary clear-headedness without visions is like tea without sugar. Since the needs of today are not necessarily those of tomorrow, good leaders try to phantom them in advance to avoid creating a vacuum. It is this lack of vision that made countries like Ghana to do better than we are presently doing. Great visionaries like have visions that presently elude us.
 
Also, a leader must know which role to play per time. He must be able to discern the role he plays in every situation. At war time he is the Commander-in-Chief or Chief Security Officer; at peace time he is the Father of the Nation, shunning partisanship in any form; during the period of division he is the Uniting figure and so on. In Nigeria, it appears our leaders don’t know what role is expected of them per time. It is for this reason they get poor advice from their Advisors who are only bent on flattering their Master’s egos.
 
Great leaders spend their time understanding the needs of their people. When others are bothered about winning the next election, or their party, or tribal origin, they do their best to satisfy their people. They are like marketers who are told satisfy the needs of their customers, to guarantee their loyalty. It was this great truth that Franklin D. Roosevelt understood, as US President during the Great Depression (1929-1933), when he chose to pitch his tent with the poor who were most affected during this period. For these acts, he was rewarded with great victories in four consecutive elections which are unprecedented and unsurpassed in US history. This was what led the great political leader and perhaps the most influential religious figure in World Civilizations, Amenhotep IV, Pharaoh of Egypt (1360-1350BC) to say: “The glory of a King is the welfare of his people; his power and dominion resteth on the hearts of his subjects.” The greatest leaders have taken heed of this eternal truth.
 
Also, the greatest leaders are not those that lead from the mountains. They pay attention to the deepest levels of human experience. They don’t make themselves super humans. In essence they are humble. It becomes very difficult to see situations clearly when one is surrounded by such luxury Nigerian leaders are infected with. All these rather make people blind hence they depend on second hand reports from their unreliable lieutenants.
 
Great leaders give everything in their service to the people. History is not in want of leaders whom gave their lives in the service of their people: Mahatma Gandhi(India), Abraham Lincoln(USA), John F. Kennedy(USA), Peatrice Lumumba(Congo), Malcom Little
 
(Malcolm X) (USA), Martin Luther King(USA), Ernesto “Che” Guevara(Argentina), Amilcar Cabral(Guinea-Bissau), Salvador Allende(Chile) and many others paid the ultimate price with their lives. Others have endured painful punishments and assaults: Nelson Mandela(South Africa), Denis Brutus(South African), Fidel Castro(Cuba), Juan Peron(Argentina). Others like Ahmed Ben Bella(Algeria) and Kwame Nkrumah(Ghana) were exiled from their countries due to their defence of their people.
 
We are indeed in a period of great triumphs and potential pitfalls. The World, Nigeria especially, is in dear need for leadership and followership. To make the difference, the leaders must set the pace for the followers. The World is in desperate need of Inspirational leaders, not necessarily politicians. That is why as young people we must set the pace. It never comes by asking rather it comes by demanding.
 
Olalekan Waheed Adigun ( Email: adgorwell@gmail.com ), writer, philosopher, academician, political risk analyst, researcher, independent political strategist and brand consultant for individuals, political organisations and campaigns reports from Lagos, Nigeria.
 
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