Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – “In furtherance of our contributions towards the attempts to give Nigeria and Nigerians a people-oriented Constitution, the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law, again, wishes to bring to the attention of your public committee the existing ouster clauses in the Chapter Four of the Constitution of Nigeria 1999 for immediate amendment so as to bring them in conformity with regional and international standards. As you may know, ouster clauses are those immunity and impunity oriented sections, subsections and paragraphs deliberately inserted into the constitution or statutes either to frustrate the application and enforcement of their mother provisions or to provide an escape route under the law for….” –Intersociety

Ref: Intersociety/NG/002/012/HOR/NA/ABJ/FRN

The Clerk/Secretary, House of Reps Committee on Constitution Review
Honourable Victor Afam Ogene, Member, Representing Ogbaru Federal Constituency
Room 0.28, House of Reps New Building Extension, National Assembly Complex
The Three-Arms-Zone, FCT, Abuja, Nigeria.

Dear Clerk/Secretary,

Ousting The Ouster Clauses In The Chapter Four Of The Constitution Of Nigeria 1999

Above subject refers.

(Onitsha-Nigeria, Sunday, November 18, 2012)-In furtherance of our contributions towards the attempts to give Nigeria and Nigerians a people-oriented Constitution, the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law, again, wishes to bring to the attention of your public committee the existing ouster clauses in the Chapter Four of the Constitution of Nigeria 1999 for immediate amendment so as to bring them in conformity with regional and international standards. As you may know, ouster clauses are those immunity and impunity oriented sections, subsections and paragraphs deliberately inserted into the constitution or statutes either to frustrate the application and enforcement of their mother provisions or to provide an escape route under the law for their violators usually the State actors.

Ouster clauses are inherent in the Constitution of Nigeria 1999 especially in her Chapters Two and Four. Those in the Chapter Four have been responsible for high incidences of police killings/ torture, long pretrial detentions or detention without trials, long detentions arising from committal proceedings, abandonment/death of gunshot victims and abandonment/ non-State compensation of the victims of violent crimes in Nigeria, etc. The notorious Order 237 of the Nigeria Police Force, under which it kills Nigerians mindlessly for sheer reasons of crime fighting and prevention, is constitutionally backed by relevant subsections of Sections 33 and 35 of the Constitution. These subsections are in conflict with their mother sections and inconsistent with the African Charter on Human & Peoples’ Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights, the UN Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime & Abuse of Power, the Basic UN Principles for the Use of Firearms by the Law Enforcement Personnel and the UN Code of Conducts for the Law Enforcement Officers, all of which Nigeria has either signed, ratified or domesticated.

The US Constitution, proclaimed in 1776 and enacted for American public in 1789 has undergone various amendments including her 14th amendment of July 28, 1968 so as to be brought in tune with the yearnings and aspirations of Americans taking into account modern realities. Her libertarian concept (rights of US citizens first) and eminence over other indigenous and foreign laws is still well pronounced all over the world. In a like manner, the egalitarian concept of the EU Rights Convention (recognition of the rights of Europeans side by side with the rights of the non-Europeans) is also traditionalized. The prominence and eminence of the Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution over other indigenous and foreign laws is clearly stated in the case of Gani v IGP/FGN. Practically speaking, the country’s Constitution must at all times be the worthy mother of all laws under her midwifery by way of periodic credible and popular amendments otherwise she runs the risk of being a mother without breasts. The Constitution under reference must at all times be brought in conformity with the regional and international standards. The yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians to be captured in periodic Constitutional amendments such as the ongoing are local contents that must be purified so as not to be repugnant to the international standards. It is, therefore, fundamentally incontestable that some subsections and paragraphs of the 14 sections of the Chapter Four are repugnant to the regional and international rights and jurisprudential norms. As a result, we dutifully recommend for the re-working of the following subsections and paragraphs under the Chapter Four:

1. Under Section 33(1): Right to Life, its subsection 2 contains ouster clause to wit: A person shall not be regarded as having been deprived of his life in contravention of this section if he dies as a result of the use, to such extent and in such circumstances as are permitted by law of such force as is reasonably necessary:

33(2) (a) for the defence of any person from unlawful violence or the defence of property;

33(2)(b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; or 2(c) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or mutiny

Our Observations: Within the contemplation of the 1999 Constitution; our questions are: what is 1. Reasonably necessary permitted by law? 2. What constitutes unlawful violence under which a Nigerian can be killed extra-judicially? 3. What is riot or insurrection?

Answers to these questions are not provided by Part IV of the 1999 Constitution under Interpretation, Citation & Commencement (definition section). Unlike reasonable time which is defined by Section 35(5), none of them is constitutionally defined, thereby creating room for their abuse and misinterpretations by relevant State-actors, particularly police officers. For instance, among many war and crime experts, it is agreed that war is an act of violence with more than 999 casualties. Also, empirically speaking, conflict is different from dispute.

Therefore, we recommend that those undefined terms should be constitutionally and unambiguously defined. Also, in the modern riot control trends, live bullets are no longer in use, but rubber bullets and other non-lethal human body control kits. Insurrection as an act of war with its globally defined weapons of war and insurrection as an act of non-violent protest with instruments of civil protest should be constitutionally differentiated and stated. Under Section 33(2)(b) the death of a citizen in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; it should be constitutionally stated that the use of lethal weapons and maximum force (guns and other deadly weapons) in the course of any State arrest particularly with respect to non-violent crimes is forbidden. The only global exception or defence to this is the invocation of the right to self defence if under deadly attack with the application of force proportionate to one applied against those State-actors under attack.

Under the foregoing circumstances, the doctrine of Intervening Force should no longer be made a blanket defence for State and non-State actors. For instance, if a passerby gets killed by a bullet fired by a State-actor in the course of exchanging fire with his or her violent attacker, he or she should be sanctioned for unprofessional conduct and tried for manslaughter, because he or she is not trained and armed to miss his or her professional targets. These are in line with the spirit and letters of the UN Code of Conducts for Law Enforcement Officers and the UN Basic Principles for Use of Firearms by the Law Enforcement Personnel. The victim if alive should be treated promptly and unconditionally by the State. If the victim dies, the State should adequately compensate his or her family with public apologies for misuse of public procured weapons. Specifically, the use of guns and other deadly weapons to carry out the arrests of suspects suspected of committing non-violent offences or offences carrying the penalties of fines, one day to six months imprisonment and six months to three years imprisonment, that is to say strict and statutory liability offences, simple offences and misdemeanors, should be constitutionally forbidden.

Further, for the Constitution to sanction the death of innocent citizens in the name of effecting lawful arrest is socially disastrous because by its present implication, citizens can be killed by State-actors while effecting arrests arising from commission or suspected commission of simple offences which carry minimum judicial penalty of an hour and maximum of six months. Offenders of strict and statutory liability offences like traffic and sanitation misconducts which can result in lawful arrest can also get killed extra judicially by State-actors under the guise of resisting arrest or intervening force, likewise in the course of arresting suspects suspected of committing the offences of misdemeanor, which can attract maximum judicial sanction of three years and minimum of one year. Killings of this nature including roadblock/check point killings as well as house raids killings should constitutionally be treated as murder with adequate compensations and proper public apologies paid to, and tendered to the victims’ families by the State.

It is also socially and globally abominable for the Federal Republic of Nigeria to sanction the killing of an escapee or escapees from barrack or prisons detentions. Such right to kill should be abolished in the Constitution except where such custodies especially prisons are violently revolted against with revoltees and/ or their external conspirators attacking same with deadly weapons such as guns and machetes. In such situations, it is globally recommended that the force to be applied must be proportionate with that of the attacking felons. Excessive and disproportionate use of force in criminal justice system is globally forbidden. Instead of the Nigeria police officers killing their detainees within this constitutional levity, the escaping suspects can be prevented by applying force that will make it difficult for them to escape. Any injuries sustained by the escapees in the process should be promptly and unconditionally treated by the State and if they escaped, technological tracking devices including biometrics technology can be deployed to re-arrest them. Such escapees should be declared wanted as well. These are the global trends and Nigeria must not be exception. The present case whereby gunshot victims are refused medical treatments by private and public hospitals and clinics in Nigeria should be constitutionally forbidden. Wounds arising from gunshots or machete cuts inflicted on both violent crimes’ suspects and victims should be treated by the State unconditionally because Nigeria has inherited criminal justice system that makes the State the sole protector, compensator, arbiter and punisher of victims and perpetrators of violent crimes. Therefore, it is our recommendation that the entire Section 33(2) and its paragraphs should be amended.

Under Section 34: Right to Dignity of Human Person (right against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments), its subsection 2 and paragraphs under forced and compulsory labour should be amended to include where in the course of performing State sanctioned forced or compulsory labour, death or injuries occur, the families of the dead victims should be adequately compensated by the State and the injured expressly and unconditionally treated by same. The State here should mean the authority responsible for the forced or compulsory labour such as the Federal Government of Nigeria in respect of the National Youth Service Corps. It should also be constitutionally stated that forced or compulsory service shall not be used in obtaining any confessional statements from criminal investigations. Subsection 2(a) under any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court should be amended to remove…or order of a court.

To cure Nigerian Judiciary of its awaiting trial sickness, Section 35(1)(f)(i) under Right to Personal Liberty, which reads provided that a person who is charged with an offence and who has been detained in lawful custody awaiting trial shall not continue to be kept in such detention for a period longer than the maximum period of imprisonment prescribed for the offence, should be deleted because it utterly contradicts the principle of fair hearing to jail the accused/defendant before his or her conviction/sentencing. Speedy trial is the hallmark of the fair hearing doctrine.

Section 35(4)(1)(a) which reads any person who is arrested or detained in accordance with subsection (1)(c) of Section 35(for the purpose of bringing him or her to court for trial) shall be brought before a court within a reasonable time, and if he is not tried within a period of –two –months from the date of his arrest or detention in the case of a person who is in custody or is not entitled to bail; in the case of a person who has been released on bail, he shall without prejudice to any other proceedings that may be brought against him, be released either unconditionally or upon such conditions as are reasonably necessary to ensure that he appears for trial at a later date. It is our recommendation that this subsection should be amended to read any person who is arrested for committing or on suspicion of committing any offence with capital punishment prescribed in a written law including life imprisonment and detained by the State for two months without trial should be released unconditionally. In accordance with the foregoing, subsections 7(a) and 7(b () should be amended.

The secularity of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in matters of Right to Conscience, Thought & Religion should be strengthened. To this effect, Sections 38 and 10 of the Constitution should be reworked.

Section 42(3) of the Constitution under Right to Freedom from Discrimination should be amended to lift the restrictions imposed on persons of disability especially the physically challenged persons from being appointed or elected into public offices. Even in the army and police, they can be trained and deployed in administrative and non-combat departments.

The enemy property under Section 44(1)(g) should be constitutionally defined.

There is need to also amend Section 45 of the Constitution so as to bring it in conformity with the areas recommended for amendments.

Extra: Like we recommended in our first submissions of November 12, 2012, there shall be a constitutional provision for adequate compensation and protection of the victims and witnesses of the violent crimes in Nigeria. A provision should also be provided in the Constitution for prompt and unconditional medical treatments by the State of the victims of gunshot wounds whether they are State-actors, suspected violent criminals or innocent victims. After these amendments have been effected, it is our further recommendation that related enforcement and penalty Acts of the Federation should legislatively be revisited so as to bring them in conformity with the said sections of the Constitution. A Bill of Rights for violent crimes’ victims & witnesses should also be created. A provision should be created in the Constitution for the establishment of Nigerian Civil Society Endowment Fund , whereby a percentage of the country’s annual earnings will be allocated into same for the growth and development of Nigerian Civil Society Organizations especially those working for the promotion and protection of democracy, public security, civil liberties, rule of law, gender justice, children’s rights and public health issues. An Act for the establishment of its Commission shall be enacted.

For: Intersociety- Nigeria

Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board of Trustees
08033601078, 08180103912,

*Photo Caption - Citizen Uchenna Anthony killed at roadblock by the NPF in 2010

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Gov. Obi has once again assured Anambra North Senatorial Zone of his Support for them to produce the next Governor. He said this yesterday during his tour of the Senatorial Zone yesterday. He said his commitment to support them was because of the promise he made to them while he was contesting. "beyond the promise, it is fair and equitable that you produce the next Governor going by the fact that since Anambra State was created, over 20 years ago, the zone is yet to produce the Governor as if they are not part of the State," Obi submitted.
Speaking further, he charged them to bring out their best for the Job, those. According to him, have enviable pedigree and requisite character to deliver quality service to the people of the State.

The visit which took the Governor to all the 7 Local Government areas of the Zone- Oyi, Anambra East and West, Ayamelum, Onitsha North and South and Ogbaru- according to him, was a routine visit designed to allow him interact directly with the people of the State."I always feel fulfilled each time I am with you and talk directly to you and get feed back from you. This is one of the ways through which I am opportune to let you know that in spite of the office, that I am still one of you, care for you, and want the best for you," Obi said.

Obi who flagged off four roads in the State on Saturday took the opportunity of the visit to re-assure the people that he would double his efforts at execution of projects contrary to the widely held views that a Governor preparing to leave office does less job. He said he had the financial war chest to execute all the projects lined up by his Government, some of which are roads, Onitsha Hotel and Convention Centre as well as similar facility at Awka and Nnewi, shopping malls for Onitsha, Awka and Nnewi , Anambra's Three Arms zone comprising Government House, State Assembly Complex and High Court, among many other projects.

The Governor tasked the people to take possession of any project sited at their places and monitor their execution closely.

At Anambra West, the Transition Committee Chairman, Mr. Augustine Chukwurah commended the Governor for being the father of the State in fact and in words. He said that the way he handled the flood crisis which affected all the Local Government in Anambra North ensued that casualties were reduced to barest minimum even as he took care of the displaced probably as no other Governor did in the flood affected communities in Nigeria.

*Photo Caption - Governor Peter Obi

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – The Vice Chancellor, Federal University of Oye, Ekiti State, Ven. Prof. Chinedu Osita Nebo, OON, NPOM, has said that for Nigeria to achieve vision 2020 it entails personal transformation in all the citizens.

He posited this recently at the University of Nigeria Nsukka(UNN) at the memorial Anniversary Lecture of RT. Honourable Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, GCFR, PC,The Owelle of Onitsha while presenting a lecture on “ Transformational Leadership and the Quest for the National Transformation.”

He decried the current state of insecurity, moral decadence and poverty amongst others in the country which according to him is our “National Dilemma”.

According to him, he said there would be no transformation in Nigeria until the individuals are transformed.

He said, “ Nigeria is under a siege that holds us hostage and until we kill pleasures and look inwardly, national transformation would remain a mirage.

“ we must transform our mindset in order to bring transformation in this nation.”

Furthermore, Nebo added that Nigeria needs servant leaders like Nnamdi Azikiwe who would stand firm against all societal ills.

He said, “leadership is to lead right and to live right. The leaders of Nigeria should learn from Azikiwe and not just keep loathing public funds.

He said leaders must be competent and altruistic, incorruptible, passionate about vision, responsive to staff needs and must enlighten the public and make them see that they are owners of the government.

He said, Nigeria is a failed nation because of the system practiced and that transformation can only come if leaders are accountable to the people.

He therefore enjoined the leaders to be servant leaders while giving his A-Z of Transformational Principles and to use their position to transform this nation just like Azikiwe did and not using their positions as an avenue to enrich themselves through negative ways.

Also speaking at the occasion, The Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Prof. Onwuliri, said Nigeria can only be transformed if every Nigerian contribute in their own little way where ever they find themselves and not just blame government officials.

Other eminent Nigerians who graced the occasion were Chief Dr. Alex Ekwueme, GCON, Former Vice President, Federal Republic of Nigeria, H.R.H. Alfred Nnnaemeka Achebe, MFR, CON. Obi of Onitsha, Prof Mrs.Uche Azikiwe, Professor Bartho Okolo, The RT. Rev. A.E. Agbo(JP), Bishop of Nsukka Diocese amongst others.

Victor Igiri reports.
*Photo Caption – Map of Nigeria

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Council of Igbo States in Americas (CISA) in collaboration with WACHET (a non-profit based in the US) and support of Ohaneze and Igbo World Assembly (IWA), will in March 2013 hold an International retreat on Igbo Global Agenda. The retreat is to be held in Igbo Farm Village in Staunton, Virginia, USA, March 22 - 23rd, 2013. This will be the first such retreat (of its kind) by CISA and also first of its kind anywhere in the world outside Igboland. Important dignitaries from Nigeria and all over the world are expected to participate in this maiden event. The programme of events, speakers/keynote speaker and event brochure advertisement rates will be announced shortly on this Medium.

This is an event everybody, not only Igbos should plan to attend. It is an event in a typical African village atmosphere, a rare occurrence outside the shores of Africa. It is African of Igbo of Nigeria taste – if you are also thinking of food and hospitality at the village, only your attendance will confirm it. There will be a variety of African dishes that will be served at the retreat and in addition music and cultural dances would package the atmosphere into a typical African village as in Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart”. Mark your calendars so you do not miss the event and stay tuned for more information on the retreat.

*Photo Caption - Children on tour of Igbo Farm Village, Staunton, Virginia, USA.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – The race for various positions in Ohanaeze Ndigbo from local government to National levels has commenced.
The election will hold between late November and December 2012. Already an electoral committee has been set up to midwife the election. The constitution of the body zones the offices of the President-General, Secretary-General, Deputy President-General and Deputy Secretary-General. Among the top contenders for the Office of President-General are Chief Iga Igariwey, the present Deputy President-General, Dr Sam Egwu - a former governor of Ebonyi state, Dr Offiah Nwali, Chief Nweke Anyigor and Dr Aja Nwachukwu. The position is zoned to Ebonyi state and all the contenders are from the state.

The office of Secretary-General is zoned to Imo state; former Ohanaeze Deputy Secretary-General Dr Joe Chigoziem Nwaorgu is gunning for it. Other less visible candidates for the position include Dr Chidi Osuagwu - a lecturer in FUTO, Owerri, Prof Ezeadi and Chief Levi Oguakwa.

For the Publicity secretary, an old dogged horse, Ohanaeze activist/organiser and well known writer Comrade Chuks Ibegbu is gunning for the position which is however yet to be zoned. Ibegbu hails from Abia State and has been a tested hand in the Apex Igbo body. Other candidates for the postion may emerge as the contest gathers momentum.

The candidates for other positions will be known in the near future.

Igbo Information Network (IIN) reports.

*Photo Caption - Map of Igboland (homeland of Ndigbo of Nigeria) 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] ..As Ohanaeze Holds It’s Election, A Call For All Igbos In The Diaspora & Home To Participate Directly or Indirectly: The Apex Igbo socio-cultural organisation, Ohanaeze Ndigbo will hold its General Elections between late November and December this year. The Amb Raph Uwechue regime is expected to hand over to a new Executive Committee by the end of January 2013. Uwechue's regime witnessed a flurry of activities such as the settlement of the Ezigbo issue in the Diaspora, the stronger political understanding between the South East and South South which paved the way for the emergence of Goodluck Jonathan in 2011, the detachment of Ohanaeze Ndigbo from the whims and caprices of political actors , the successful hosting of IGBO DAYS , the building of bridges of understanding with other power blocs and socio-cultural organisations in Nigeria such as AFENIFERE , AREWA AND SSPA, the contribution to the emergence of the SGF, the design of a modern secretariat for Ohanaeze Ndigbo and other visible and invisible achievements.
Like in all human activities there may have also been some areas he could have improved on such as the regularity of IMEOBI and General Assembly meetings . However National Executive meetings were regular and lively. Also the issue of the OHANAEZE FOUNDATION nearly created some sore notes but the facts and realities have been adumbrated and hopefully resolved. . Any other outstanding issues will expectedly be handled by the incoming Executive Committee.Ndigbo like to know and ask questions on how they are ruled or led and its part of our democratic culture which is of course a good attribute.

Some Igbos think that Goodluck Jonathan has not fulfilled his promises to Ndigbo considering the enormous support given to him by Ndigbo. This Author is challenging Goodluck Jonathan to prove those that hold this view wrong . Am from Umuahia and I know that moving from Umuahia to Enugu where I reside is a nightmare. The day International flight begin to land in Enugu is the day I will believe that Enugu Airport is international indeed.

Coming back to the Ohanaeze Ndigbo election, the critical issues the incoming National Executive will address include funding of Ohanaeze Ndigbo, state creation in the south east, ensuring that the federal governent include oil producing states of the south east, which now includes Anambra and even Enugu, in the Amnesty program( There is no reason why MASSOB ACTIVITSTS) should not also be considered for the AMNESTY PROGRAMME, federal presence in Igboland, a credible census in Nigeria, the 2015 political contest , the MASSOB QUESTION etc.

It is therefore imperative that only tested and patriotic Igbos are elected for various Ohanaeze positions in the oncoming election.

We shall keep You posted on the election and the possible candidates.

Chuks Ibegbu reports.

Chuks Ibegbu
A Chieftain of Ohanaeze Ndigbo & Writer On National And International Issues.

*Photo Caption - President-General Ohaneze Ndigbo, Ambassador Ralph Uwechue

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Intersociety's Submissions On Constitution Review: “Based on your Committee’s template for voting on key constitutional issues needing amendment or retention, we, the International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law wish to make the following submissions following your Committee’s template items: Yes, Section 8 of the Constitution should be amended to rob it of ambiguities inherent in the creation of more States. The processes should be devoid of parochialism and sectionalism, but predicated on demographical, geographical and geopolitical equity. Section 8(1)(c) that requires all the States in the country to approve the result of the referendum for the creation of new State(s) by simple majority supported by simple majority of their Houses of Assembly should be amended to include…..” [ Full Report Below ]
Ref: intersociety/NG/001/012/HOR/NA/ABJ/FRN

The Clerk/Secretary
House of Reps Constitution Review Committee
Honourable Victor Afam Ogene
Ogbaru Federal Constituency
Room 0.28, House of Reps New Building Extension
National Assembly Complex
FCT, Abuja, Nigeria

Dear Clerk/Secretary,

Our Submissions In Respect Of Your Committee’s Template & Related Issues

(Onitsha-Nigeria, November 12th 2012)-Based on your Committee’s template for voting on key constitutional issues needing amendment or retention, we, the International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law wish to make the following submissions following your Committee’s template items:

Yes, Section 8 of the Constitution should be amended to rob it of ambiguities inherent in the creation of more States. The processes should be devoid of parochialism and sectionalism, but predicated on demographical, geographical and geopolitical equity. Section 8(1)(c) that requires all the States in the country to approve the result of the referendum for the creation of new State(s) by simple majority supported by simple majority of their Houses of Assembly should be amended to include simple majority reflecting federal character principle.

1. Yes, six new States should be created to bring the total number of States in the country to 42. In creating the six new States, the Southeast geopolitical zone that presently has five States should be given two more States, while others apart from the Northwest zone that already has seven States, should be given one more State each.

2. Yes, the six geopolitical zones in the country should be constitutionally recognized for administrative and political purposes.

3. No, the six geopolitical zones should not be included in the Constitution as a tier of government because that will be utterly wasteful and expensive, except Nigeria adopts religionalism and abolishes statism.

4. Yes, indigene-ship of an area within Nigeria should be defined to include persons who have resided in an area for a continuous long period and should be entitled to accruing rights, duties and privileges.

5. Yes, the Chapter Two (Fundamental Objectives & Directive Principles of the State Policy) should be made justiciable akin to Chapter Four of the Constitution (Fundamental Human Rights) by expunging Section 6(6) (c).

6. Yes, the laying before the National Assembly of the annual budget estimates should be done at least three months before the end of a fiscal year. To this effect, Section 81 should be amended.

7. Yes, Section 121 should be amended in a like manner for a Governor to do same before his or her House of Assembly.

8. No, the State House of Assembly does not need any financial autonomy to be independently administered and assertive. That given to itself by the National Assembly was a fatal blunder and a mistake. Financial autonomy in Nigerian context means immunity for fiscal roguery.

10. Yes, if the 774 LGAs are to be granted full autonomy as an independent third tier of government in Nigeria, then Section 162(6) should be expunged to eliminate State/LGA Joint Account so as to ensure direct allocations to the LGAs from Federation Account.

11. Yes, only on condition that the LGAs’ autonomy is discarded and all the 774 LGAs removed from the Constitution and disqualified from receiving allocations from the Federation Account, then States should be allowed to create LGAs and assume their administrative and financial responsibilities.

12. Yes, the LGAs should be accorded the status of a third tier of government with designation of a residual legislative list for their independent legislative jurisdiction. If this is to be the case, then there should be equal number of LGAs for each of the six geopolitical zones. The present case whereby Southeast has 95 LGAs as against Northwest’s 186 is demographically, geographically and geo-politically criminal and grossly lopsided.

13. No, because the issue of un-elected LGA officials would be taken care of once the LGAs’ autonomy is ensured and the seizure of LGAs’ revenues will no longer arise.

14. Yes, there should be a defined tenure for chairmen/councilors of the LGAs akin to the tenures of presidents and governors.

15. Yes, some contents of the Exclusive Legislative List like prisons and railways should be duplicated into concurrent list.

16. Yes, let Section 197(1) (b) be amended to expunge the States Independent Electoral Commissions and replaced with Independent National Electoral Commission, which will conduct elections into the country’s approximately 14,483 elective offices at federal, State and LGA levels.

17. Yes, Section 315 (5) (a) of the Constitution should be amended to remove, not abolish the National Youth Service Corps Act, the Land Use Act, the Public Complaints Commission Act and the National Security Agencies Act from the Constitution. This will enhance their amendment processes by lowering stringencies inherent in their amendments owing to their direct attachment to the Constitution.

18. Yes, Section 308 should be amended to confer civil responsibility on serving presidents, their deputies, governors and their deputies. For criminal aspect, indictment clause following credible and conclusive criminal investigations should be incorporated and entrenched in the Constitution with indictment bodies clearly mentioned. Once such indictment is certified judicially, impeachment follows and arrest and prosecution commence immediately after the impeachment.

19. No, instead, Section 215 (4) that requires the Commissioner of Police under a governor’s directive to request or refer such directive to the president or minister for approval, and Section 215(5) which forbids such development from being inquired in a court of law, should be expunged, and replaced with a provision empowering the governor and the House of Assembly to remove any disloyal or incompetent commissioner of police by way of two-thirds votes and executive proclamation. Once such legislative approval is obtained and proclamation made, such CP stands removed and posted out of the State, to be sanctioned further by the PSC.

20. No, instead, a provision should be inserted in the Constitution for the rotation of the office of the president among the six geopolitical zones, not between North and South.

21. Yes, our position in item 20 has answered this question.

22. Yes, it should be filled both on merit and by zoning. Every geopolitical zone has eminently qualified sons and daughters to govern Nigeria and no zone is born to rule.

23. Yes, Section 135 should be amended to provide for a single term of six years for the office of the president because it is the most controversial seat in Nigeria and its occupation has been very lopsided over the years.

24. Our position in item 23 has also answered this question.

25. Yes, the office of the governor should rotate among the State’s three Senatorial districts with a single tenure of six years.

26. Yes, office of the governor should be filled both on merit and by zoning because there is no Senatorial zone in Nigeria that is wholly peopled by morons and political buccaneers.

27. Yes, Section 221 should be amended to allow for independent candidacy in Nigerian elections.

28. Yes, in line with the international best practices, certain percentage of elective and appointive public offices should be reserved for women.

29. No, the current qualifying age for elective offices in Nigeria is in line with the international best practices.

30. Yes, there should be specific constitutional provisions to take care of the interests of persons with disability with the inception of mentally deformed in matters of elective and appointive public offices.

31. Yes, Section 77 (2) should be amended to allow Diaspora Nigerians voting rights to ensure demographic justice, provided it will not be used as an instrument of election rigging.

32. No, the existing bi-cameral legislature should be allowed but its individual and corporate fiscal allowances and overheads should be drastically trimmed down.

33. No, let Sections 4 & 5 on presidential system stay. But let them be clothed with local contents that are not repugnant to the international democratic standards such as fiscal prudence and minimized corruption or profligacy.

34. No, instead, Nigeria should implement the practice of Federalism that allows States more percentage of nationally accrued revenues than federal and local governments.

35. No, instead, the 13% derivation component of revenue should be extended to States with natural and non-natural resources, which generate revenues for the country.

36. No, the traditional rulers need not be made members or having representation at the National Council of State. They should be confined to their States and LGAs of origin.

37. No, the new amendment to the Constitution, setting time limit for the determination of election petitions should stay.

38. Yes, since such powers are no longer exercised by the President or Governor but by the National Assembly and the State House of Assembly with respect to modifying or amending existing laws under the transitional provisions of Section 315 (2) and the definition section related thereto, the relevant section should be expunged. The National Assembly and the State House of Assembly as new exercising powers should be constitutionally stated.

39. Yes, the Constitution should further be amended to address issues of electoral reforms including incorporation of salient provisions of the Uwais reports and times for conducting bye-elections and determination of electoral petitions into same.

40. Yes, the Constitutional provisions on judiciary should be amended to achieve reforms of judicial institutions and processes in order to ensure quicker dispensation of justice.

41. Yes, the Constitution should be amended to separate the office of the Accountant General of the Federation from the office of the Accountant General of the Federal Government of Nigeria.

42. Yes, the Constitution should be amended to separate the office of the Attorney General of the Federation from the office of the Attorney General of the Federal Government of Nigeria.

43. Yes, the Constitution should be amended to enable the Revenue Mobilization, Allocation and Fiscal Commission to send proposals for revenue allocations directly to the National Assembly in order to avoid undue delays in preparation of the revenue allocation formulae.

44. Yes, Nigeria should have one police organization which shall be constituted in such manner as to give the State Governors reasonable control over the Commissioners of Police in charge of their States. The Governors’ disciplinary powers over their CPs should be exercised in conjunction with two-thirds votes of their State Assemblies so as to avoid abuse.

45. Yes, Nigeria should maintain the present police structure and system with some modifications as recommended above.

1. Section 12 (3) of the Constitution, which requires the ratification by a majority of the Houses of Assembly of States in matters of a bill for domestication of international treaty by the National Assembly before the president’s assent, should be expunged. This has substantially been responsible for the stagnancy of outstanding international treaties, which are yet to be domesticated years after they were signed and ratified by the Federal Government of Nigeria. Once the National Assembly passes a bill for the domestication of an international treaty and the president signs it, let it be binding on all authorities and persons in Nigeria.

2. A provision should be inserted into the Constitution conferring Nigeria’s courts of superior records powers to assume international jurisdiction in matters of special public interests (i.e. heinous rights abuse and economic crimes). A typical example of a country with this noble modern justice administration is the Republic of Belgium.

3. A new constitutional provision for the award of ex gratia compensations for victims of crimes including victims of inter-personal violence/crimes should be created.

4. Section 174(1)(c) of the Constitution and its sister section should be amended to make the powers of the Attorneys-General of the Federation and the States to  discontinue at any stage before judgment is delivered any such criminal proceedings instituted or undertaken by him or any other authority or person very stringent to exercise so as to further strengthen the public interest, the interest of justice and further forestall the abuse of legal process, in accordance with Section 174(3) of the Constitution.
5. The Constitution of Nigeria should be gender oriented and depart from traditional and archaic law language of he/him and adopt modern norm of he/she and the like.

Special Notice:
The attention of the National Assembly is also drawn to the existing anachronistic Acts of the Federation needing fundamental amendments. Many, if not most of these Acts have outlived their social usefulness to Nigeria and Nigerians, thereby begging to be upgraded to modern standards. Examples are Police Act, Prisons Act, Evidence Act, Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Act, Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, Private Guards Act, Land Use Act, Companies & Allied Matters Act, to mention but very few.

For: Intersociety Nigeria

Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board of Trustees
+234(0) 8033601078, +234(0) 8180103912,

Comrade Justus Ijeoma, Head, Publicity Desk

Submitted At The Public Forum On Constitution Review Organized By Honourable Victor Afam Ogene, Member, Representing The Ogbaru Federal Constituency, Held On Monday, November 12, 2012, At The Ogbaru LGA Secretariat, Atani, Ogbaru, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Note: Intersociety-Nigeria Headed The Steering Committee’s Secretariat.

*Photo Caption - Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board of Trustees, Intersociety, 41, Miss Elems Street, Fegge, Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The Senator representing Anambra Central, Dr. Chris Ngige has commended Governor Obi for taking the South-East to a higher level and recalled that during his time as Governor, the South-East Governors Forum was not as strong and united as it was today under the leadership of Governor Obi. He said this at the meeting on Constitutional review at the Women Development Centre, Awka.
At the meeting, Stakeholders in Anambra State have agreed on aspects of the constitution to be amended. The Stakeholders agreed that more States, which at all times should be equal among the regions, should be created to redress the present imbalance in the six geo-political zones while the geo-political zones should be included in the constitution for administrative purposes.They also agreed indigeneship and residence status should be incorporated in the Constitution to enable people who have lived in a particular place for a long time to enjoy rights and privileges of the area including right to contest election.

The Stakeholders equally agreed that office of the President should rotate among the six political zones while the office of the Governor should rotate among the three senatorial zones.

They took their decisions through voice vote. The Stakeholders also constituted delegates to represent the State at the zonal stakeholders meeting on constitution review holding in Enugu on Thursday this week, selected from all interest groups in the State.

In his speech, Governor Obi said the meeting was for the State to take common stand on the issues of constitutional review and expressed satisfaction that the stakeholders agreed on issues raised.He explained that well tailored constitution anchored on equity, fairness and justice was fundamental in protecting the future of the country.

*Photo Caption - Dr. Chris Ngige

[-Masterweb Reports]
An article published in Sun Newspaper of November 8, 2012 titled “Woman boils two-year-old stepdaughter’s hands” has drawn tears in the eyes of The Holy Family Sisters of the Needy who need immediate information to enable them make contact with the abused child to render help (both medical and otherwise) to her.

Please contact The Holy Family Sisters of the Needy immediately with any enabling information. In the U.S., they can be reached at +1 3479814758 or +1 9734897448, in Nigeria at Nekede, Owerri, Imo State; and by email at


Below is a copy of the email that was sent to Masterweb News Desk by The Holy Family Sisters of the Needy -

We are The Holy Family Sisters of the Needy, a Roman Catholic Religious order founded in Owerri Archdiocese, in Imo State Nigeria. We are working in different part of the world which includes: The Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad, Nigeria, France, Italy, England, Sierra Leone, United States and so on.

-Taking care of under privilege ones.
-Care of Infants especially those infected with HIV/ AIDS and are abandoned. We live with these children in some of our communities designated for this apostolate. We provide them with the basic need such as health, education, food, clothing, shelter etc.
-We also care for the elderly men and women who have no one to take care of them.


Our main and specific apostolate is the care of unmarried pregnant teens that have been abandoned or disowned by their families. We provide them with accommodation, rehabilitating and with the necessary counseling and spiritual guidance. We also provide counseling for the sexually abused and those with post abortion trauma.

In the case of Esther, we would like to establish a contact with her parents or the caregiver So that we can arrange how to rescue her in this inhuman condition and difficulty as soon as possible. We beckon on people of good will who are touch by Esther’s situation to support us financially in the course of giving this child an optimum healthcare requires in restoring her two hands in Nigeria hospital or abroad. We accept any gift, no donation is little

Thanks for your cooperation and assistance
May God Bless you

Below is our contact

USA Contact
526 orange street
Newark NJ 07107
Phone: 3479814758 / 9734897448

Nigeria Contact
Holy Family Sisters of the Needy
P O Box 3967
Nekede, Owerri, Imo State.


*Follow the link below to read Sun’s “Woman boils two-year-old stepdaughter’s hands” article.
Here is the link:-

*Photo Caption - Abused Esther and abuser-stepmother Kehinde (insert) 

 -Masterweb Reports

The Anglican Bisho of the Diocese of Niger West, Rt Revd Prof Anthony Nkwoka has called on the people of Anambra State to remain prayerful to God to give the State a Governor that will be like Gov. Peter Obi when his tenure expires. He said this yesterday while receiving  a brand new 18-seater bus and 10 computers donated to Archbishop Patterson's Seminary,  Igbariam as well as the donation of 1 Million Naira for the provision of infrastructure to the school, yesterday.

He said he had followed the Governor's politics over the years and see in him essential godliness that is absent among Nigerian politicians. "Your Excellency, we admire your godly style of politics which made it possible for you to be here today to fulfill your promises to us. Given your engagements and commitments to the flood issues and national assignment, a typical Nigerian politician has gotten more than enough reason to waive us aside"' the bishop said.

The Bishop assured  that  the bus and computers will be deployed for the greater glory of God commended Obi for return of schools to the missionaries, saying : "by returning schools to the missions with sincere apologies and providing funds for their rehabilitation, you have left an indelible good legacy for generations unborn."

In his own remarks, the Governor said he would not relent in pursuing what is good for the society, such as education and called on the Church to always remember the State in prayers.

He assured of his commitment to partnership not just with the Church, but with other organizations that are genuinely committed to the good of the people.

In his reaction, the traditional ruler of Igbariam, Igwe Kelly Okaragwu who described Obi as a man of his words thanked him for his goodness to his Kingdom, referring to the massive infrastructure at the State University, construction of roads, among others.
*Photo Caption - Gov. Peter Obi presenting computers and a brand new bus to Archbishop Patterson's Seminary, Igbariam. On his left is the Anglican Bisho of the Diocese of Niger West, Rt Revd Prof Anthony Nkwoka.