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[ Masterweb Reports ] - Below are Election results update compiled from Masterweb Reporters on the ground in Nigeria, The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) announcements, and the general public in Nigeria-(may be truthful, biased or false). Nigerians today vote in their fifth presidential and national assembly elections since the country’s return to democracy in 1999. The two foremost contenters in today's presidential election are President Goodluck Jonathan, Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) presidential flag-bearer and General Muhammadu Buhari (rtd), presidential flag-bearer of opposition All Progressives Congress (APC). Both candidates say they are committed to a united and indivisible Nigeria. Nine other parties - ADC, APA, CPP, HOPE, KOWA, NCP, PPN, UDP and UPP are also fielding candidates in the election. The general public can contact us (or text us) at +1 4148070329( from Nigeria dialed 00914148070329 ) with election news in your area; please include the time of the occurrence of the news item. ........ Click for Nigeria 2015 Presidential Election Results Live Report.
*Photo Caption - President Jonathan and wife walk to their car after accreditation to be back at 1.00 pm local time to cast their votes.

 [ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Democracy & Good Governance, 27th March 2015)-In politics, when a politician or a political party promises the electorates heaven and earth during rallies or campaigns, it is called psychology of politics. For instance, when a political party candidate seeking legislative election begins to promise the electorates road construction and industrialization or a presidential or gubernatorial candidate begins to promise the electorates total elimination of corruption, equality of naira with US dollar and unemployment if elected.
In the 2015 general elections’ executive and legislative campaigns in Nigeria that just ended, they were dominated by promises best described in the context of psychology of politics. As a matter of fact, the two leading political parties in the country; the PDP and the APC are roundly involved with the worse being the APC. Neither of the two parties was able to address concretely the socio-economic problems facing the country and their solutions if elected. The duo in recent times is the architect of Nigeria’s socio-economic doldrums. The parties have become symbols used by the country’s governing class including its corrupt individuals to retard the country’s socio-economic development. There have been steady movements back and forth by the referenced kleptomania class using the two symbols. These they called “defection”. The parties having been in charge of executive and legislative governances in one way or the other in most of the country’s federal government, 36 States and 774 LGAs in Nigeria; are credited with deficit governance.
While the epicenter of the PDP political governance is the Federal Government of Nigeria, the APC’s governance epicenter is Lagos State. Interestingly, all the socio-economic problems afflicting the country or any part thereof including judicial, executive and legislative corruptions are physically present at their doorsteps. Both of them are highly indebted governing authorities. For instance, the PDP led Federal Government of Nigeria has cumulatively (local and external debts) borrowed over $45 Billion since 2007. That is to say that as at 2007, after the country’s successful external debts relief, the total remaining local and foreign debts belonging to the federal government controlled by the PDP were about $15 Billion comprising foreign debts of about $3.5 Billion and local debts of N1.8 Trillion (about $12B). In Lagos State under the APC, it cumulatively owes between N500 Billion and N600 Billion (about $3B); making it the most indebted State in Nigeria and Africa’s ocean of poverty.
Both the Federal Government and the Government of Lagos State controlled by the two parties have enormous resource potentials capable of making them lenders and not borrowers; investors and not consumers. The annual internally generated revenues and the federal allocations of Lagos State hover between 350Billion and N450Billion, which is up to 90% of its annual budget size; yet the State is neck-deep in reckless and serial borrowings. The PDP led Federal Government also has potentials making it possible to fund its annual budgets without borrowings; but owing to bare-faced corruption and excessive governance running costs, it is enmeshed in indebtedness. For instance, its overhead costs and allowances for political appointees are utterly alarming and deafening.

In Lagos State, these two are also alarming. Through some crooked State laws, billions of naira is annually frittered into private pockets of its public office holders. Corruption and corrupt practices are also very high in Lagos State controlled by the APC, likewise at the PDP controlled federal level. In Lagos State, the judiciary plays a major role in shielding corruption and corrupt practices involving top present and past public office holders. In all, there are thickened health, public education, housing, water, energy, environmental, transportation, food, population, unemployment, infrastructure and economic crises in Lagos State controlled by the APC, likewise at the Federal level controlled by the PDP. The two political classes are leprous and anti people, peopled by primitive wealth accumulators and political traders.
Psychology of politics as defined above can also mean using social problems afflicting the electorates to canvass and win votes without having capacity and ability to remedy them if elected. One of the stark instances of the above was recent promise by the presidential candidate of the APC to make One Nigerian Naira to be equal to One US Dollar if elected. The truth is that the referenced candidate will never see One Naira equaling One US Dollar in his lifetime, not to talk of making it if elected. Assuming Nigeria retraces its step today and embarks upon radical socio-economic integrated development, it will be very difficult for One Naira to be exchanged for One US Dollar in the next fifteen years. On the part of the PDP presidential candidate, who said he will end corruption if elected; it is purely psychology of politics because corruption can only be curtailed and not ended. It is like promising to eliminate crime in the society, which is very impossible because the forefather of the society is crime itself. Same thing applies to ending unemployment or employing every jobless Nigerian, etc. On the other hand, the APC’s promise to make the Second Niger Bridge toll free if elected is deceivable because the Lekki Toll Gate under its control has not been declared free and dismantled.
Further, the two political parties under reference are also enmeshed in armchair governing styles by not being able to create independent sources of resource mobilizations without serial borrowings. When a governor cries openly of his or her owing his or her workforce of months of wages owing to fall in the federal allocations or borrows loans to pay wage or revamp public primary and secondary schools; then such a governor is an armchair or lazy, shortsighted and consumer governor. The two resource rich geopolitical zones of South-south and Southwest comprising 12 States, which are under the governance leadership of the two parties own over N1.4trillion (about $8B) in both local and foreign debts; making them the most indebted zones in Nigeria. There are strong suspicion that the loans are borrowed for consumption and criminal diversion.
The Truths Hidden From Nigerians By Political Parties’ Candidates During Campaigns:
Legal System: Nigeria’s legal system is still weak and obsolete. From the Constitution, its auxiliary laws and international statutes, they require robust rebranding and repackaging. Nigeria’s body of laws is too weak to fight and checkmate corruption. Penalty provisions for convicted corrupt persons are too lenient and corruption friendly. The criminal laws of the country are still very awkward and blurred. The Chapter Two of the Constitution is still non justiciable and there are numerous ouster clauses in the Chapter Four of the Constitution or the Fundamental Human Rights including non remedial provisions for the victims of violent crimes.
There are numerous international statutes that Nigeria has not ratified or domesticated. There are still little or no provisions for social justice in the country’s body of laws for the people of Nigeria.
Education: Access to education in Nigeria is still very minimal. The country’s tertiary education system is yet to be revolutionalized and computerized by way of distance education, etc. Minimal or no researches have successfully been carried out by Nigeria’s tertiary institutions till date. No Nigerian university till date has the capacity through pure and social science research findings, to offer solutions to the country’s myriad of security, social and economic problems. Massive education is required in the core north for millions of street urchins, children of the street and children in the street so as to end their retreatist status, which makes them prone to violence and other social vices.
Natural Resources: The country’s natural resources including its 33 solid mineral deposits, other than oil and gas are yet to be mechanized and industrialized.
Agriculture: The country’s agriculture is still subsistent with most of its produce including fruits remaining seasonal owing to acute absence of scientific researches, innovations and mechanization. Fruits like guavas, mangoes, pears, breadfruits, bananas, oranges, apples, pineapples, etc, are still subsistent and seasonal in Nigeria; likewise palm produce, yams, beans, maize and cassavas.
Environment: Nigeria is still an acute enemy of environmental sustainability. Over 60 million homes and industries still use generating plants with their consequential environmental hazards including ozone layer depletion. The natural source of oxygen dies daily in the country due to various harmful human activities on environment and there is steady extinction of wildlife in the country. Deforestation is still very high in Nigeria.
Importation: Nigeria still hugely imports goods and services and minimally exports same. The country direly needs to have surplus balances of trade and payments. The country’s foreign reserves are steadily dwindling. The China’s foreign reserves have hit up to $4trillion or more and its overseas investments worth hundreds of billions of dollars. In the case of Nigeria, reverse is acutely the case. It presently owes more than twice of its foreign reserves.
Borrowings: The country hardly borrows for productive reasons except for consumption reasons. The teething costs of governance and allowances in the country’s public governance must be drastically reduced. For instance, annual servicing of only 12,788 LGAs officials in the country takes N592Billion, which is alarming and shocking. Of the N592Billion, N550Billion is spent on allowances alone. Over N1trillion is spent annually in the payment of the wages particularly the allowances of the federal public servants; likewise in the overheads where similar amount is spent annually. All of these must be halved.
Industrialization: The country aggressively needs to be revolutionalized industrially. This involves overhauling of the country’s trade and investment policies and laws to attract huge foreign capitals as well as providing social incentives in terms of security, access roads, creation of industrial zones with their environmental impact policies and adequate credit schemes for local investors.

Energy Crisis: Nigeria is in dire need of multi-sectoral energy generation. China exports 40% of the world coal production and Japan generates about 30% of its electricity through coal. The driving engine of industrialization is steady energy generation, transmission and distribution. Though the country’s energy sector has been privatized (generation and distribution), but the trio of generation, transmission and distribution is still acutely problematic. The next government at the federal level must find solutions to the energy epilepsy in Nigeria. If the investors are not able to provide permanent solutions to the generation and distribution, then the deal should be revoked and re-privatized. The transmission sub-sector in the country’s energy presently manned by the federal government should be revisited and overhauled.
Skill Acquisition: This involves establishment and fortification of technical schools and setting aside of zero interest funds to support the citizens to be self reliant and self employed after schooling and training.
Huge Capital Allocations: Budgetary allocations for capital development in Nigeria should be reviewed triply upwards by the incoming Federal and State governments while those for recurrent expenditures including overheads and allowances should be triply reviewed downwards so as to have enough resources for capital development in the country or any part thereof. All categories of allowances and overheads including security votes in Nigeria should be halved.
Key Infrastructures: Apart from insufficiency of key public infrastructures like roads, railway, airports, stadia, hospital, education institutions, etc, which must be reversed; their round the clock maintenance must be given a priority in the country. Nigeria still grapples with acute poor maintenance culture.
Public Allowances Pay: Laws creating such obnoxious pay wages like the Pensions Law of Lagos State of 2007 and the Salaries & Allowances for Top Public Office Holders Act of the Federation 2002 as amended in 2008 should be radically amended to halve all the allowances so contained so as to mobilize adequate resources for social development in Nigeria.
New Industrial Master Plans: Nigeria is in dire need of visionary leaders and not primordial political leaders. The South-south should be expanded to retain its oil industrial zone. The Southeast and the Southwest zones should be designated as trade and commerce and technological industrial zones. The North-central zone should be agric industrial zone and the Northeast and the Northwest should serve as tourism, agriculture and research industrial zones. All the industrial zones should also be made export industrial zones.
Lastly, the above should have formed an integral part of the 2015 general elections’ presidential, gubernatorial and legislative campaigns and not the other way round. As Nigerians go to the poll tomorrow to elect the next president and federal lawmakers, it is important for them to have at the back of their minds that neither the APC nor the PDP has a robust and radical governance package that will take the country to the next level of socio-economic development, which is direly needed.

The truth, which must be addressed, for the country to move in the right path, is the issue of concentration of the country’s wealth in the hands of few citizens dominated by the political class and their cronies. This is why there is acute dearth of resources needed to turn things around for every Tom, Dick and Harry in the country. There is fundamental need to radically re-distribute the country’s wealth to make it even, fair and equitable.
The reason why Nigerians are being forced to vote either the candidate of the PDP or that of the APC is due to absence of formidable independent candidates, which the country’s body of laws still frowns at. It is important to inform that there is no hope of quick and formidable socio-economic recovery in the next national government to be formed by the PDP or the APC until a rightful candidate with ambitious leadership skills is discovered.
The performances of the candidates of the two parties in the just concluded rallies and campaigns, in terms of social contract packages they ought to offer Nigerians as their trust of next national governance, are nothing to write about. As a matter of fact, the two parties particularly the APC have no mass oriented and strategic plans for integrated development of the country if elected.
Our grouse over the 2015 general polls on the part of leading political parties and their candidates is predicated on the above. As we said earlier, the major minus of the 2015 polls on the part of INEC is its systematic and inexcusable disenfranchisement of 12.4 million registered voters of pastoralist and minority ethnic backgrounds in a presidential election involving multi ethnic groups. The Commission risks attracting tens of thousands of group law suits after the presidential poll pursuant to Section 46 of the Constitution. The INEC’s conduct is fundamental affront to the Fundamental Human Rights provisions in the Constitution.
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor, Esq., Head, Campaign & Publicity Department
Chiugo Onwuatuegwu, Esq., Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program
*Photo Caption - President Goodluck Jonathan - LEFT; General Muhammadu Buhari (rtd.) - RIGHT

[ Masterweb Reports: Chief Dr. Sylvester Obi Dikas reports ] - As a practioner of Necromancy and Quantum Physics, Gen. Ojukwu predicted that Candidate Goodluck Ebele Jonathan would win the presidency of 2011 and would inevitably win a SECOND TERM as Nigeria’s President.{2010-Ojukwu Archives,Enugu} In his own words, Gen. Ojukwu advised the Leadership of Igbo and all Igbo “to vote EN MASSE for Jonathan simply because he remains the best hope for the Igbo world, for the Democratic Nigeria and for the International Community”
History remembers Gen. Ojukwu for his guts, temerity and his unparalleled leadership skills and as a brilliant tactician. At 75 (2009) his general health began to fail him. Yet, he remained acerbic, pragmatic, witty and as opinionated as before. But his ability to write, cogitate and praise the Nigeria’s power brokers was seriously reduced. Nonetheless, Ojukwu was able to predict that GEJ is strategically positioned to lead Nigeria in its war on BOKO HARAM. In the interest of simplicity, I would rather paraphrase Ojukwu’s compendious song of praise for Candidate Jonathan.
Gen. Ojukwu based his prediction of Candidate Jonathan as the winner of Nigeria’s Presidency and inevitably as the second-term president is grounded on the following premise:
** The Invincible hands of GOD, Fate and Destiny gave Jonathan to Nigeria for a Reason. It’s perhaps because Candidate Jonathan understands the Mythology of the Igbo Race and the Delta Region in the Political context of Nigeria more than his critics.

** In his capacity as the Vice President,GoodluckEeleJonathan demonstrated political skills,tenacity, strategic vision and tactical nimbleness that made him a presidential timber.

** In his interim position as the V/P he demonstrated that if he were the president, he would not create a Ganster government that is idealogically driven. Rather he would encourage a government that’s focused on the needs,struggles, hopes/aspirations of the ordinary people.needs,struggles,hopes/aspirations of the ordinary people.  

** Even as the VP most Nigerians perceived him as the Messiah-capable of solving the intractable problems of the generation-INSURGENCY around the OIL DELTA REGION of Nigeria.

** According to Gen. Ojukwu, Candidate Jonathan understands that “Nigeria has a bunch of mindless extremists of all stripes-religious-red-eyed zealots and other political mischiefs, the Rain makers of the North-the Purveyors of BOKO HARAM whose goal is to overthrow any Nigerian Federal government, whose leadership is a Southerner. And in its place,they would set up an Islamic style caliphate.” {Gen. Ojukwu Archive, Enugu.]

** To borrow from Ojukwu again,”Despite its divisions, and inequalities, Jonathan would meticulously unite Nigeria-defusing potential tensions and practically avoiding a growing crisis that might give rise to another war of Holocaust and Destruction.”

** Gen. Ojukwu truly believes that given the memory of the recent Nigeria Civil War, in which the Igbo nation was almost destroyed and decapitated,it therefore makes strategic sense that only immediate GEJ Administration would guarantee the real “Marshal Plan” of true Reconstruction , Restitution and Reconciliation [the 3RS]for all the Eastern States of Nigeria.
** After his One-Term Presidency, his name ‘President Jonathan’ continues to reverberate in Africa and among International Community. It’s very visible that most world leaders would rather do business with President Jonathan than with his critics or his detractors.

** But why is GEJ so popular among Nigerians and world leaders? It’s simply because he doesn’t posses the DNA of TRIBALISM or CLANNISHNESS. Like the Hon. Professor Wole Soyinka of Africa,under the continued Leadership of Jonathan, Tribalism and the STIGMA of BOKO HARAM will be dead and buried.

** As Gen. Ojukwu observed, “Jonathan popularized himself because he recognized that building Democratic Principles needs time and patience. It takes more than one term, or even more than two terms for political miracles to be achieved in Nigeria”.

**Gen.Ojukwu as a strategic, military tactician remarked that Candidate Jonathan is gifted with the rare ability to strengthen the Democratic Institutions already in place and can invest in people and bolster National and International Security.

** In his second Term, Jonathan will reverse the tide of fiscal/financial profligacy in Nigerian Politics by bringing more women with Management/Business know- how in his administration.

** President Jonathan clearly understands the Cultural/Traditional rhythms of the Disenfranchised Delta Region/the Eastern States of Nigeria more than his curren critics and detractors.

** As a progressive thinker, problem solver and a peace-maker, Jonathan knows how to reconcile Modern Democracy/Islamic Culture with the highest sense of PRAGMATISM more than his critics.
Gen. Ojukwu Advises the Igbo Elite and Ohaneze Ndigbo:
** ” As strategic thinkers,the Igbo Nation should and must vote for Candidate Goodluck Ebele Jonathan if he asks for it because he is our best hope.”

** ” The Igbo world must recognize who their inherent enemies are. Follow the concept of Political Neutrality as demonstrated by my Surrogate-Peter Obi.”

** Don’t forget that I paid my dues-my ultimate prize to save a generation of the Igbo race.There will be no more wars as all wars are zero-sum-game.”

** If the Nemesis of BOKO HARAM continues,our best hope will be SOUTHERN SOLIDARITY-Think about its Philosophical Construct.”

** If the Igbo world is provoked again, there will be another War, but it will be a war with ‘Diplomatic Bullets’ and would be waged by Diplomatic Professionals and the Igbo ntion will be victorious.”

** I leave you with my prediction of the future Political Leadership of Nigeria:
Candidate Goodluck Ebele Jonathan will win the 2011 presidency.The Nigerian Constitution qualifies him to seek SECOND TERM as president. I therefore, humbly ask the Igbo World to vote for Jonathan under the Canopy of Ohaneze Ndigbo simply because he is our best hope for now”. [Gen.Ojukwu,2009 Enugu Archives]
Chief Sylvester Obi Dikas, Ph.D. ( Email: ), Authorized Research Scholar of Gen. Ojukwu As An Institution reports.
*Photo Caption - President Goodluck Jonathan

 [ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Democracy & Civil Liberties, Onitsha Nigeria, 21st March 2015)-Scholarly and popularly speaking, the fundamental causes of civil wars and violence around the world particularly in Africa are political exclusion and systematic undermining of socio-ethnic identities particularly of minority populations. The 2015 general elections’ handling styles informally adopted by the Independent National Electoral Commission are clearly laid on the foregoing premise. The fundamental feature of a plural society is its ability to protect at all times the rights of the minority populations particularly their inalienable rights to participate, vote or be voted for in national elections.
To ensure this, democratically advanced countries with plural settings have gone extra miles in adopting proportional representations and other favorable pluralistic measures in their national elections to lay to bare all encompassing democratic practices. Countries like Switzerland, Denmark, Belgium and even South Africa are typical examples. In the United States, the two dominant national policies in the country as of date are issues of voting and immigration rights. At a point in the contemporary history of the USA, it became evident that a favorable national policy must be devised to accommodate and legalize the rights of approximately eleven million unlawful immigrants in the country as at 2013.
In the country under reference, a Hispanic (Mexican American) or Chinese American or African American is fully empowered by law and morality to vote or be voted for in municipal, State, legislative or presidential polls. As a matter of fact, the country’s current President has a trio of Kenyan, Indonesian and American descent. He earned his electoral value and popularity leading to his triumphant presidential emergence in 2008 as a celebrated minority voters’ rights advocate.
It has always been calamitous in the histories of countries that stuck to their guns on majority superiority at all times electoral governing styles. From Burundi to Rwanda; Africa’s Great Lakes region to Sierra Leone and Liberia; the list is too long to be exhausted. The most typical example is Ivory Coast; the former Paris of Africa. Most of the 30 ongoing civil wars and insurrections (intra State conflicts) in Africa are waged following fierce protests against political exclusion and ethnic cleansing of the minority populations, considered as antithetical to their social existence and values. Dangers and consequences of political exclusion targeted at the minority populations are tangibly and intangibly catastrophic and age long. Civil wars premised on economic/resource and political disagreements can easily be overcome; but certainly not those triggered off by ethnic and religious suppression. In other words, value oriented civil wars are age long and unquenchable; except where the political actors act swiftly and arrest same at early warning levels.
Our step by step pre election advocacy with respect to the 2015 general elections in Nigeria has openly revealed that it will very difficult for present INEC leadership to exonerate itself from the strong accusation of running an informal policy of political exclusion targeted at Nigeria’s minority populations particularly in its distribution and issuance of permanent voters cards (PVCs) to all registered voters in the country.

The socially disastrous policy under reference appeared to have been designed in two folds (registration of voters and issuance of permanent voters’ cards). During the Commission’s voters’ registration, millions of citizens of voting age belonging to Igbo and minority nationalities were informally denied registration through discriminatory and hash policies and actions of the Commission. In the distribution of PVCs, the Commission applied lopsidedness to further disenfranchise millions of registered voters of minority populations or entities in Nigeria. The disastrous policy under condemnation appears to have been put in place in 2011 general voters registration exercise in the country in a clannish bid to maintain and hold unto the age long northern population superiority over the south and born to rule principles dated back to post 1955 premier census. Interestingly, of the 15 standing committees of the Commission, Prof Attahiru Jega, apart from his headship of INEC, also chairs the three most sensitive and powerful committees of Information Technology & Voters’ Registration, Finance & General Purpose as well as Security. It is likely correct to hold that Nigeria is sitting on a keg of gun powder at the instance of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
Our findings following our careful watch over the country-wide PVCs distribution clearly showed that greater number of voting citizens of ethnic minorities in Nigeria particularly the pastoral segment of the referenced populations did not get their PVCs. The INEC’s informal disastrous policy under reference and condemnation also introduced religious and ethnic identification into the PVCs distribution handling styles. With this, it became easier to identify Christians, Muslims and their ethnic origins and locations. The unwanted populations and their locations were easily figured out and demographically cleansed.
In our latest findings, most of the uncollected PVCs in the Northeast, the Northwest, Niger and Plateau States in the North-central as well as Lagos State are PVCs belonging to registered voters of minority and Igbo backgrounds. In other words, over 98% of registered voters of majority, Islamic and sedentary populations have received their PVCs as 17th March 2015. In sedentary population PVCs distribution, we mean host Yoruba voters at home in the Southwest particularly in Lagos State, host Hausa-Fulani Muslim voters at home in the Northwest and the Northeast and parts of the North-central particularly in Kano, Kaduna, Jigawa, Borno, Sokoto, Kebbi, Zamfrara, Bauchi, Niger and Plateau States. Most of the guest and minority populations in the area are denied PVCs. We challenge INEC to prove us wrong publicly by making public statistical breakdown of the names or identities of those it has given PVCs in the referenced areas.
In Kaduna State, most of those who did not get their PVCs are minority Christians of the Southern Kaduna and guest Igbo population; likewise in Kano State particularly in Sabon Gari and Nasarawa LGAs or areas. In Plateau State, most of the non-recipients of the PVCs are guest Igbo registered voters and Plateau Christian indigenes. In Borno, Taraba and Adamawa States in the Northeast with sizable Igbo and Christian populations, the story is not different. Instead, the Commission said it has made adequate arrangements for Muslim IDPs of Borno and Yobe States to vote in strange voting centers the Commission created for them.

The Commission said it has no resources and provisions to allow their Christian counterparts outside the area to vote. In Lagos State, out of 2,022, 933 registered voters that have not been given PVCs by INEC as at 17th March 2015; 70% or more are Igbo and other guest residents. In all these, the PVCs of the referenced citizens were deliberately misplaced or mis-located/mis-distributed, or impersonated or officially hoarded or cleansed.
Further, our findings from the pattern of PVCs collections in the 36 States and the FCT as well as the country’s six geopolitical zones as at 17th March 2015 showed that there have been no PVCs collections particularly in most States of the Northwest zone since February 26, 2015. For instance, in Kano and Kaduna States, no single PVC was collected between 7th March and 17th March 2015. Their collection figures remain 3, 174, 519 out of total registered voters of 3, 407, 222 for Kaduna State and 4, 112, 039 out of total registered voters of 4, 975, 701 for Kano State respectively. Same thing applies to Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States.
In the Northeast zone, similar situation applies except in Bauchi State where there was alarming PVC collection allocation of 188, 701 in ten days (7th to 17th March 2015). In all these, it simply shows that all Muslim populations said to have been registered to vote including under-age voters have all been allocated PVCs leaving Igbo and minority Christians in the referenced areas without PVCs. While the former are kingly issued with PVCs, the latter are tortuously dribbled and denied same by INEC.
In all, as INEC finally closes its grossly lopsided PVCs distribution across the country tomorrow 22nd March 2015, its latest update of 17th March has clearly indicated that 12. 482, 700 registered voters dominated by Christians, Igbo and ethnic minorities `have been disenfranchised by the Commission and denied participation in the referenced crucial polls particularly the presidential, owing to the inability of the Commission to issue them PVCs. With this alarming number of registered voters technically excluded and disenfranchised by INEC, it is likely correct to hold that the Commission’s perceived desperation to return power to the core North is coming to fruition. Like we earlier said, the 2015 Presidential Election is long rigged demographically and kept in coolers waiting for its legitimatization date called “28th March 2015”; except God divinely says otherwise.
For instance, in the Commission’s referenced PVCs distribution of 17th March 2015, nothing has changed. The Commission said it has distributed total PVCs of 56, 350, 776 or 81.87%, out of the total registered voters of 68, 833, 476; leaving 12, 482, 700 registered voters dominated by Igbo and minority Christians and populations without PVCs and disenfranchised. This includes over one million PVCs not yet produced and delivered to the Commission till date; 500,000 of them awarded to a local firm in Abuja. In four days from 12th March to 17th March 2015, by our careful calculation, a total of 450, 901 PVCs were distributed across the country, out of which the North (Bauchi State 188, 701) got 202, 723 and the South 252, 178.

In the geopolitical breakdown, the Southwest got 199, 720 (Ogun 148, 583), the South-south 46, 851, the Southeast 5, 607; the Northwest 1, 388, the Northeast 189, 264 (Bauchi State 188, 701) and the North-central 12, 071. In all, the North now has a total of 32, 244, 050 PVCs as of date while the South has 24, 197, 023 PVCs. The staggering gap between the North and the South in current PVCs distribution and possession in Nigeria is 8, 047, 027. In Lagos State, a total of 2, 022, 933 registered voters dominated by non indigenes particularly the Igbos have been disenfranchised and denied their PVCs and voting rights by INEC.
The recent public comment of the INEC Chairman justifying the possibility of his Commission not giving every registered voter in Nigeria his or her PVC before the referenced national polls, using low voters’ percentage in the recent staggered gubernatorial polls in Ekiti and Osun States as a defense, is most regrettable and condemnable. The INEC leadership under Prof Attahiru Jega must be reminded by all and sundry that in the Presidential election involving multi ethnic and religious groupings like in Nigeria, denying a whopping 12.4m registered voters their rights to vote by way of non issuance of PVCs to them; is tantamount to ethnic cleansing and political alienation. It is important to inform that 12.4m registered voters denied PVCs in Nigeria is more than the population of a sovereign country.
In law, he who asserts must prove! That is to say that since INEC insisted on using PVCs for the referenced elections, the Commission must give every citizen registered to vote PVC to enable him or her participate and vote in the referenced crucial polls. The Commission having failed woefully in this regard must be ready to face the consequences including moral, legal and social. The 2015 General Polls are already corrupted and tainted courtesy of INEC’s grossly biased handling styles. We will not be surprised if their outcomes particularly the presidential are rejected roundly by any party or candidate that is the target of the despicable informal policy of the Commission under complaint and condemnation. From every indication, we dare say that INEC’s ethnicized 2015 electoral midwifery is equivalent to a declaration of war against Nigeria’s ethnic nationalities and minority populations.
Emeka Umeagbalasi, B.Sc. (Hons.) Criminology & Security Studies
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor, Esq., (LLB, BL), Head, Campaign & Publicity Department
*Photo Caption - Prof. Attahiru Jega, INEC Chairman.


[ Masterweb Reports: Sulay B. Conteh reports ] - When we talk of global warming, the first thing that comes to mind is carbon dioxide (CO2). The emission of CO2 is the main cause of global warming, followed by the emission of methane (CH4), the emission of carbon-floro-clorides (CFC) and direct heat release into the atmosphere from various heating sources including volcanoes and power-generating plants. In fact, most heat-generating sources are also global-warming gas generating sources; adding further to the complexity and severity of the global warming processes. Not only the rate of emission but also the rate of destruction of the sources of storage of global-warming agents today is unparalleled in history.
With industrialization has come unprecedented levels of population boom, land plundering for agricultural production and fossil fuel consumption to meet the never-ending human needs. While CO2 emission from fossil fuel combustion is fairly a direct chemical process with significant instant effects, CO2 storage by plants (notably forests) and the oceans is a fairly indirect biochemical process that takes decades if not centuries to realize meaningful storage. There is also the so-called CO2 capture and storage or disposal into the earth. While CO2 capture is largely limited to stationary emission sources such as power-generating plants, geological formations suitable for CO2 disposal or permanent storage are highly limited. There is also the problem of prohibitive cost associated with CO2 capture and storage into the earth; which many companies and countries cannot afford.
The highly intensive emission of CO2 and extremely extensive destruction of the sources of CO2 storage are among the most disastrous concurrences for the survival and subsistence of the human race. Such concurrences only but worsen global warming that in turn increases the occurrence of extreme hydro-climatic and geophysical conditions with highly destructive and mass-killing capacities. Among the telltales of global warming are high temperatures, mass melt of polar ice caps, prolonged droughts, mass crop failures, high pest and disease incidence, mass species deaths, frequent cyclones, tornadoes, floods, hailstorms, dust-storms, solar-storms, El Niños, earthquakes and tsunamis, etc. Even in the face of the unprecedented on-going retreat of polar ice caps, resurgence of tornadoes, steady rise of sea level and the persistence of droughts due to worsening global warming conditions, the community of nation states still prioritizes economic growth over cuts in greenhouse gases emissions.
If you today had the opportunity to travel the world (especially the developed and rapidly developing worlds), you would be shocked by the propensity of destruction of forest cover of the world. This becomes even extremely alarming if you travelled the world during off-season periods when over ninety percent of the cultivated lands lie idle and barren. Also vasts of lands that were once forests have been converted into settlements, roads, recreations and protected zones with virtually not forests now. Also most surface water systems in the developed and rapidly developing worlds have been harnessed for the never-ending human needs, including domestic, industrial and agricultural needs. In the developed and rapidly developing worlds, it is not uncommon to see countless rivers without a single drop of water in over ninety percent of the river courses, starting from the head right down to the mouth of the rivers.
Man has so much so humanized the world that the consequences of over-modifying nature are now returning to haunt us in disastrous ways. It is high time we took a brake to put a brake on our ever-deepening thirst for the so-called economic development lest we completely break the world down. To break down our world will be a catastrophic event as the collapse of the world over us could completely wipe out our so unique human race. So please take a step today to save the world and the human race by cutting down on your emission of greenhouse gases and conserving the world’s forests.
Sulay B. Conteh ( Email: ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Map of the world as a globe

[ Masterweb Reports: Carllister Ejinkeonye reports ] - The rescheduled elections will soon be here with us. An opportunity to exercise one’s democratic rights by helping to decide in whose hands the affairs of the country should be in the next couple of years ought to be an exciting period totally devoid of fear and dread. That is why the desperation saturating the political atmosphere needs to be defused. While not begrudging the politicians the opportunity to seek to be voted into power, they should try not to stifle the excitement that should accompany every democratic exercise in our country.
Why for instance should people be consumed with fear for their lives and those of their loved ones each time Nigerians are going to the polls? Yes, some of the politicians may be genuinely interested in improving our lives and society if voted into office, but they should also duly respect our right to reject them at the polls, despite their noble intentions. And when that happens, they should accept our verdict with grace and equanimity and wait for another opportunity to repackage and represent themselves to us more attractively.   
It is not and should not be a do-or-die affair. There have been reports of clashes between supporters of rival parties here and there. Some politicians have not helped matters too. Provocative statements oozing from their mouths tend to be viewed by their misguided supporters as a signal for “war.” And as one encounters the reports of some ‘battles’ already staged even while the elections are still a couple of weeks away, one is deeply pained that in the event of any struggle between giant ‘elephants,’ it is always the tender grasses that  suffer and get destroyed.  When lives are snuffed out, what once looked like rosy futures are brutally aborted.
But, are the people itching to put their lives on the line for selfish politicians aware that at the end of the day, when the smoke of battle has cleared, the once   “fire-spitting” politicians would always find ways to amicably settle their differences and use the blood of those who had wasted their lives for them to negotiate juicy appointments for themselves. And what would be the fate of the grasses they had crushed when the battle was raging? Who will reserve a care in the world for those nursing life-threatening wounds sustained during the battles fought on their behalf? Yes, who cares? That is the reason for this outcry to Nigerian youths (the easy conscripts to these self-serving struggles and clashes). They should shine their eyes!
The Nigerian youth ought to have realized by now that he has been deceived and used a lot for unwholesome enterprises, in which he has remained the ultimate loser each time. Will he be deceived forever before he realizes himself?  Some of his peers have had their lives impaired or even cut short for willingly doing the unhealthy biddings of unscrupulous and selfish politicians. Must other youths allow that to be their fate too before they realize that the fellows using them do not attach any value to their lives? Must this continue to happen again and again?
As one looks at the beautifully photoshopped smiling faces of politicians on posters and bill boards, one cannot help wondering what are hidden behind those wide grins.  Afterall, their pronouncements and actions are often in direct contrast to the faces they display. But it is a pity that majority of those who blindly follow them and do their every bidding are unable to read the handwriting on the wall. And a very painful reality is that majority of these blind followers and easy preys are young Nigerian men and women – the so-called future leaders.
It is time the Nigerian youths asked themselves how and where many of their fathers and mothers that had danced to the tune of these politicians and helped them execute their self-serving designs are today.  What impact did their association with these fellows make on their families and society?  This is therefore the time to shine their eyes and determine, like Chinua Achebe once said, where the rain began to beat them.
My simple advice to Nigerian youths today is: You have a choice in this matter! You can refuse to die the death which man and the devil have designed for you.  You do not need the kind of politicians we see around today to be whom you should become.  Most of them have rather influenced the lives and future of many young people in the wrong direction, an evil they would not even contemplate for their own children.  What good can a man possibly offer who has carefully packaged his own children and sent them off to some distant, safe land, and so now cares less how his unguarded language and actions heat up the atmosphere of the nation where other children like his are stuck in?  The politician that works so hard to ensure that there is always pre-election or  post-election violence or both, does not care how many young adults remain or are cut down in their prime as they seek to realize their ambitions?  For many of them, their familiar refrain is that “blood must flow” if things do not work out the way they had anticipated, but whose blood?  Of course, not theirs or that of their children or relatives.  So youths, you had better shine your eyes. Do not be the prey. 
I watched an incident during the previous elections.  I was at an aunt’s burial proceedings when a politician vying for a particular seat came around because one my cousins belonged to one of the parties.  Before he appeared, so much praises and noise had been made to herald him. And  before leaving the venue, he dropped some amount of money which I wouldn’t want to mention here, an amount which I found so humiliating to the people that I wished I could be allowed to throw it back at him.  Later the women needed to share the money among themselves (peanut it was indeed) and what did I see? Loud voices of misunderstanding, quarrels and curses as they decided on who should get what.  Meanwhile, the ‘good’ man had majestically walked away amidst ovations while the villagers laid curses on each other as they shared the paltry sum.  Relatives and those who had enjoyed friendly and harmonious relationships before the arrival of the ‘philanthropist’ suddenly became enemies, and who knows how far that would go.
I would really want my dear young Nigerians to know that these politicians are not altogether foolish afterall, even if they once were.  ‘Nothing goes for nothing,’ they now insist.  In times past, some fellows had counseled that one could accept the ‘free’ gifts distributed by them during their campaigns but vote for the candidate of one’s choice and go scot free.  Today it is no longer so.  It does seem that their gifts have assumed a shade of Greek, and those who take them might eventually pay heavy prices. Indeed, even the few cups of garri or rice that came to one could be very ruinous.  Now, ask yourself: do these desperate, “generous” politicians allow their children or other relatives to partake of those their ‘benevolence’ or ‘good will’?  Check it out.  Any of their relatives driven by greed to partake in those gifts is on his own.  The gifts are usually given from very “special” purses or stocks. Yes, they are Greek gifts!
So, young men and women, do not contaminate your precious life and future with cursed ‘gifts’.  What you see and receive from them is more of poisoned apples. Be wise?  Unfortunately, information like this hardly gets to the youths who are actively engaged in some unwholesome political activities and who wear the “garments of death” for politicians. Neither does it get to suicide bombers lurking somewhere in markets, motor parks and other places waiting to brutally destroy themselves and others, or those of them roaming the villages and highways ready to do whatsoever money had persuaded them to.  It is incumbent on religious and traditional leaders, parents, teachers, etc, to ensure that these youths are no longer brainwashed and led to their ruin. We owe it to them. 
Indeed, the youths of this country have a responsibility to firmly determine to save themselves. They must resist the lethal seduction of selfish politicians. They must help their sisters, brothers and friends to do so. Let their eyes open so they can see clearly to prepare themselves for a better Nigeria , which shall surely come.  Indeed, soon, it will be their turn to lead the country. So, they must not mortgage their destiny no matter how alluring the “mess of pottage” being placed before them is. And that is why I tell them again and again: shine your eyes!
Mrs. Carllister Ejinkeonye (, System Analyst/Programmer,  reports from Lagos, Nigeria. 
*Photo Caption - Mrs. Carllister Ejinkeonye

[ Masterweb Reports: Obinna Akukwe reports ] - Prof Attahiru Jega has proven to be the hero of democratic innovations through the insistence on using card reader as means of authenticating voters in the upcoming 2015 elections, in a nation where satanic madness is raging over the transparent conduct of elections.

1n 1999, Prof Eme Awa was in charge of National Electoral Commission of Nigeria, saddled with conducting a free and fair election after God delivered Nigeria from the grip of the late dictator, General Sanni Abacha. In the 1999 elections, Chief Olu Falae was rigged out by Chief Olusegun Obasanjo through the help of then military dictator Gen Abdulsalami Abubakar, former Military dictator, Gen Ibrahim Babangida and multi millionaire businessmen  like Former Governor of Abia State, Chief Orji Uzor Kalu.

In 2003, it was the turn of Edo born Sir Abel Goubadia to conduct election and he superintended a process whereby General Muhammadu Buhari, former military dictator and flag bearer of ANPP was rigged out with the help of Vice President Atiku Abubakar who gave President Obasanjo insight into how modern day vote robbery could be executed.  In that election, Obasanjo who according to security reports came a distant third with Buhari (ANPP) and Odumegwu Ojukwu(APGA) leading, became the winner of the fraudulent election.

In 2007, Professor Maurice Iwu , a friend of Atahiru Jega, was drafted from the United States by Senator Andy Uba to lead the electoral body. This professor of pharmacy promised Nigerians that he will conduct a free and fair election even if it is the last sacrifice he will make before he dies.  When Obasanjo came with his do or die rigging format which must stop Atiku and Buhari at all costs, Maurice Iwu superintended over the worst election in the history of Nigeria. During Goubadia’s
time, at least ballot boxes were stuffed with fake ballot papers but during Iwu’s time, ballot papers became useless and areas where elections never held produced winners and the losers are always advised to go to PDP controlled courts. In that same year, General Buhari was rigged out in favor of his kinsman late President Umoru Yar’adua and the later, while disparaging the Maurice Iwu superintended process, promised
to institute electoral reforms. He never lived to fulfil his promise.

In 2011 it was the turn of another fellow comrade and unionist to conduct elections. Prof Jega helped Jonathan and the PDP a lot especially in the north where in areas that are Buhari’s strongholds, the PDP reduced Buhari’s votes and increased Jonathan’s to ensure that the mandatory 25 percent in 2/3 states were met. In the South East where Buhari refused to campaign, the PDP had a field day and inflated the votes of Jonathan and there is not much APC party agents can do. Jonathan became winner and Buhari wept back home to Katsina while Jega smiled to the banks.

In March 2014, I wrote an article titled ’ Presidency 2015: Jonathan and Ijaws to teach Hausa-Fulani Bitter Lesson – Part 1  where I stated that “The fact as I state it now will play out in 2015- APC will surely get more number of votes cast, and meet the constitutional requirement of 25% in 2/3 states of the federation to win the presidency, but  Jonathan will  manipulate the elections and declare himself the President of Nigeria with the help of Attahiru Jega.-and there is nothing the North
can do about it” It took the entire PDP eleven months to discover that what I said on March 3rd is true and that APC is about to win the election, is why they rushed to postpone the February 14 polls. The only difference in the prediction is that a proactive north went to work on Jega and prized him out of the grip of Jonathan. I was following the transmutation of Jega from being a Jonathan boy to being an independent man, ready to give Nigeria a free election.

Curiously, following the widely circulated write-ups, especially among political circles in the north, a jittery northern elites tasked Jega on his loyalty. While the PDP relaxed, believing that Jega will still play ball as expected, the northern elites, traditional and religious leaders after the revelations had series of private talks with Jega, where they demanded to know his allegiance in the forthcoming polls.  In some places some persons threw stones at him and called him a betrayer. They
forced Jega to become neutral with the electoral process. To this effect, Jega started putting in place measures that will eliminate rigging in Nigeria- THE MOST POTENT BEING THE USE OF CARD READER. This device will eliminate 80 percent of the electoral fraud in Nigeria and that is where Jega fell off with the ruling party.

A prominent Northerner wrote to thank me for the write-up exposing how Jega will rig the election for Jonathan. He promised that they will work on Jega and extract a neutrality pledge from him. This they did before end of August 2014. The PDP were doing newspaper, television, and billboard campaigns talking all sorts of irrelevant things until it dawned on them two months to the election that the warning I gave about a year ago that APC will win the election is just about to happen. All efforts by the ruling party to intimidate, blackmail, induce or frustrate Jega to cave in to another electoral manipulation failed. Jega had embezzled enough in INEC, he wants to leave a legacy for his family name. He also doesn’t want to face the wrath of his northern people who are not in the mood to allow a single of their vote counted for
Jonathan, Thus these circumstances had forced Jega to a state of neutrality in the elections.

Jega’s neutrality and innovation of card reader technology, whichever way it came about, is the second  greatest achievement of the Jonathan regime,  the first being  the National Conference he successfully hosted.  The problem with Jega’s innovation is that if it is implemented, the PDP chieftains who scammed Jonathan of billions of
naira in campaign money, transferred same to their personal overseas accounts and made few noises on the pages of newspapers are in trouble of amalgamated loss. They failed to campaign for Jonathan, They failed to distribute money or mobilize people on the grassroots until APC effectively penetrated and mobilized the grassroots, then they woke up and wanted the use of card reader  jettisoned.

Jega’s neutrality and card reading technology will ensure that if Governor Willie Obiano follows the footsteps of his godfather Peter Obi in Anambra State, Anambrarians will simply wait for four years and throw him out, Jega’s card reader simply means that the people of Enugu West Senatorial District can throw away Senator Gilbert Nnaji if he continues his’ siddon look’ approach in the Senate Chambers. Jega’s neutrality means that any other governor under develops Abia State  like Governor T.A. Orji he  will be booted out after four years and  if Labaran Maku is popular in Nasarrawa State, he does not need fear any incumbency factor before becoming governor. Jega’s card reader means that no APC, PDP, APGA OR LP politician will dare impose unpopular candidate on anybody because they know that the electorates are now in charge.

Therefore Jega’s card reader is the panacea to a rigging virus which reared up its head during the Shagari era when Awolowo was allegedly rigged out of Presidential election and probable run-off in 1979 before the infamous Supreme Court interpretation of 2/3 majority threw  Awo’s presidential ambition to the dustbin.

I am a Christian, Cleric and activist with considerable influence within many political, ecclesiastical and professional circles and I am spiritual enough to know that Jesus Christ of Nazareth, Son of the Living God, King of Kings and Lord of Lords,  cannot support electoral robbery, manipulation, rigging or scuttling of the people’s mandate. Therefore any Christian who justifies rigging is working for Lucifer- and I certainly will not work for Lucifer. I have told my colleague Archbishops, Bishops, Apostles, Venerable, Pastors this and most of them have agreed with me in principle, Muslim clerics should educate their colleague accordingly, if their Qur’an does not justify rigging.

Jega can be a devout Muslim, I do not give a damn. He could even marry ten wives and divorce six to balance it four, I do not care so much. Jega can make his beard to be longer than that of Osama Bin Laden and he can even do his own Sallat twenty four times daily which is his business, providing he doesn’t constitute public nuisance and disrupt public peace.  Jega has proven to be a better follower of Jesus Christ
than Prof Maurice Iwu, a knight of the Catholic Church .  Jesus forced Zacheaus in Luke 19 vs 8 to return his loot back and the later said to the Lord (Jesus), “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I will give to the poor, and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will give back four times as much.” Jega is returning back the people’s mandate stolen through years of successive rigging, especially from the Shagari to the Obasanjo era back to the people. He is a hero of democracy, he should be
supported and not vilified. INEC must insist on the use the card reader or else let the military postpone the election and go on with their Interim Government option.

Certainly, God had used Jega to answer the prayer of some Nigerians (including myself) that an institutionalized way of stopping corruption should be kick started. Jega is a hero of democratic innovation who is fighting electoral corruption and Nigerians and the international community  and all progressive minded persons should come to his aide before something worse becomes of Nigeria.

Obinna Akukwe ( Email: ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Prof. Attahiru Jega

[ Masterweb Reports: Obinna Akukwe reports ] - Bola Tinubu, the National Leader of the Nigeria’s leading oppositionparty APC had revealed that Jonathan offered him a Vice Presidency slot underan Interim Govt arrangement, an offer he claimed to have rejected. Femi-FaniKayode, the Head of PDP Campaign Organization had refuted the story, sayingthat it is illusionary imaginations from Tinubu. However, I was personally intimatedof the Interim Govt offer to Tinubu by an equally top PDP chieftain who boastedjokingly that ‘my Tinubu and Buhari’ alliance will soon crumble.
This his allusion to ‘my Tinubu and Buhari’ is based on the fact that he knew that I publicly led some Bishops and that opposed the distribution of money to some of my pastor colleagues on an anti Buhari sentiments and that I was among the people who ensured that some that collected that money did not sell Jesus to PDP. I believe that the Gospel of Jesus is greater than PDP and APC and this party chieftain subscribes to this and my belief that the good, the bad and the ugly are found in both parties.
Early February I was at a sort of meeting bordering on security in the North of Nigeria and afterwards another meeting ensued where some PDP faithful were touting how Jonathan will defeat Buhari during the March28 polls. I mentioned to the August members present who claim direct links with President Jonathan that their principal had already offered a Vice Presidency slot to Tinubu under an Interim Govt arrangement. I was literally shouted down by those who claim (and I know that some of their claims are true) that they are personally close to Jonathan and he never
mentioned it to them. The same persons, a week later, having confirmed the details I gave, contacted me again and this time around, believing that I must be close to either Buhari or Tinubu, asked me about the latest move of the opposition. 
Close to four weeks ago I was informed by a privileged member of the ruling PDP that Tinubu has been offered a VP slot in order to get him to break away from Buhari. This highly placed PDP facilitator, stakeholder and observer intimated that he is in the thick of the discussion and that soon Tinubu will abandon Buhari for Jonathan.  Those allegedly in the thick of the discussions include a retired Military President, select PDP leaders especially from the South West and South South and somebody they believe is working for Sambo, the National Security Adviser (NSA). Mentioning the names I was told is not necessary because my sources will be thoroughly embarrassed.

I was later told that Tinubu rejected the Vice Presidency slot almost instantly. According to my sources, he instead requested that the ruling party defray his campaign expenses which he put at N200 billion naira (N2billionDollars). He also allegedly demanded that the PDP will allow him produce all the Senators from all the APC states in the South West, including Kwara and Edo States, from Niger Delta and North Central respectively. When I inquired what they will decide on the
Tinubu project, I was told that that though Jonathan did not mind fulfilling Tinubu’s alternative request, the PDP leaders in the South West rejected the idea of allowing him produce eighteen Senators all by himself, viewing it as politically dangerous. This money is still chicken change to a party that had stacked nothing less that N3 trillion
naira through shady oil deals in readiness for the elections, of which I am aware of some of the deals. 

Tinubu, under pressure to give a green light, abandoned the discussion on the pretext of giving the entire idea a second thought. PDP leaders were still waiting for his second thought when he was seen at Chatham House with Muhammadu Buhari, the Presidential Flag bearer of the opposition APC. The Chatham House speech of Buhari did an irreparable damage to Jonathan’s image among the international community and the PDP had seen Tinubu as giving the impression that negotiations are ongoing and then he went on to sponsor a Chatham house embarrassment on them. According to my sources, it was Femi Fani-Kayode who decoded that Tinubu
had abandoned the plot and warned the party that the best thing to do is to cage the Lion (Tinubu) before it was too late. 

The current plot by the PDP is to stop Tinubu at all cost, since he failed to deliver the South West vote to Jonathan even when PDP was ready to give him his demand of N200 Billion naira. I learnt that Tinubu’si mage is to be terribly damaged, then series of harassment, trumped up  canvassed by a former presidential spokesman, has been rejected even within many PDP circles including even Jonathan himself.   A top APC Chieftain whom I met to follow up the political transactions, initially said he was ignorant of the contents of the negotiations but after some days confirmed that though an offer of N200 Billion was made it was the PDP that made the offer to defray Tinubu’s campaign expenses. I was informed that though Tinubu was averse
to the Interim arrangement, Obasanjo’scaution to the former governor reinforced Tinubu’s stance.  My take on all these is that PDP approached Tinubu to help sell the Yoruba people to Jonathan and abandon Buhari the manner he sold Ribadu in 2011 for a couple of billions of naira. Tinubu rejected the Interim Govt offer, made his own offer which the PDP accepted in part (monetary aspect) and rejected the issue of being allowed to manipulate and produce the Senators and House of Reps members
from APC States in the South West in an election that will hold on the same day. 

Tinubu probably got another advice and decided to stick to Buhari and PDP got enraged. Those denying that there was no interim govt offer are also lying because even NSA Dasuki and Babangida has been discreetly campaigning that Northern Emirs and leaders accept an interim Govt option headed by a northerner. Even Shagari according to reports favors the idea. The news is all over Sokoto, Zamfara, Kebbi and creating division among their political elites with the Interim Government option getting gradual sympathy.  

The loser in all these heist is the masses. Why an offer and acceptance of a probable N200 billion naira must be given when such amount can build two second Niger Bridge or four brand new Enugu-Port Harcourt and Enugu-Onitsha expressway. Tinubu, Babangida, Dasuki, Femi-Fani Kayode, Bode George, Kashamu and all the people involved in this Interim Govt cum N200billion naira betrayal deal should stop denying the truth. Spending such billions on a political expedition is wrong and those
buying, selling and making merchandise of the impoverished Nigerian people, must repent now before God Almighty allows that self-inflicted crisis that will bring in a bloody military revolution already brooding in the atmosphere.  A word is enough for the thieves.

Obinna Akukwe ( Email:  ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Bola Tinubu

[ Masterweb Reports: Lawrence Chinedu Nwobu reports ] - Every year Forbes publishes the list of the richest people in the world amongst which some Nigerians have prominently featured in recent times, chief among them Aliko Dangote with an estimated net worth of $14.7 billion in 2015 down from $25 billion in 2014. Other Nigerians such Ms Folorunsho Alakija with an estimated net worth of $1.9 billion, Femi Otedola with an estimated net worth of $1 billion, Abdulrahman Rabiu with a net worth of $1 billion and Mike Adenuga with an estimated net worth of $4 billion also made it to the Forbes list of richest Nigerians. Their predominant source of wealth and primary business concerns are not surprisingly Nigeria’s corrupt oil/ gas industry, no doubt linked to the infamous oil bloc patronage system which Nigerian leaders past and present have variously used to set up those fronting for them or reward those connected to them.

Within Africa the number of billionaires in 2015 remains same as 2014 at 24, while globally Bill Gates retains the top spot as the world’s richest man. The Forbes list also records 290 new billionaires with China alone accounting for 71, while young people under the age of 40 account for 46 of the new global billionaires. The staying power of most existing billionaires and the rise of so many new billionaires in spite of a global recession that is still biting demonstrate how resilient industrialists and businesses can be. Researching and collating data on the world’s richest persons is definitely a challenging task particularly in third world countries where accurate statistics are hard to come by and also given the penchant of industrialists and businesses to hide their true net worth through various schemes to reduce their tax liabilities. This tax dodging scheme exists even in advanced economies where statistics and regulatory regimes are more reliable.
Forbes therefore deserves commendation for their efforts every year to pile through the mountains of statistics and known assets which they use to make estimates of the financial standing of each billionaire. While this is laudable it also provides room for wrong information and in the case of Nigeria that is exactly the case. In publishing the list of the richest Nigerians Forbes exhibited its ignorance of the Nigerian society and the true owners of wealth in the Nigerian system. They can be forgiven for classing Nigeria as a normal country and thus make its estimate of the richest Nigerians on that basis. Normality may be true of most other nations from which the Forbes list of richest billionaires was obtained unfortunately Nigeria is not a normal country.

This should be self evident from the fact that while billionaires from other countries are mainly engaged in manufacturing being their predominant source of wealth in Nigeria it is the oil and gas “patronage” industry from the government that constitutes the primary source of wealth for the billionaires. Indeed the fact that Saudi Arabia that boasts the largest oil deposits in the world but where oil bloc patronage systems do not exist has no billionaires listed as beneficiaries of the oil and gas industry further highlights the Nigerian abnormality. While Forbes has listed some seeming industrialists as Nigeria’s richest persons, the fact remains that Nigeria’s richest individuals are politicians and not industrialists. It is understandable that politicians not being industrialists shield their assets and finances from public view. But enough information still exists in the public domain to determine the wealth of Nigerian politicians.

The biggest industry in Nigeria is government and this explains why existing billionaire industrialists make their wealth through patronage systems that derive from the government. Thus government officials and not industrialists are undeniably Nigeria’s richest individuals. More than $3 billion of late General Sanni Abacha’s loot, a former head of state has been returned and this is just some of the loot traced directly to him. In 1983 a former minister Alhaji Umaru Dikko was reported to have stolen the then equivalent of £2 billion. Former heads of state Generals Ibrahim Babangida and Abdulsalami Abubakar are estimated to have looted more than $10 billion each. Asiwaju Bola Tinubu the godfather, who controls a whole region and owns tax collecting firms, hotels, media houses, tolled highways and other sundry businesses is reputed to be worth more than $16 billion and thus easily the richest Nigerian.

There are so many such hidden or not so hidden billionaires in Nigeria’s government circles that are by far richer than the individuals estimated by Forbes to be the richest Nigerians. Next time Forbes should do a more in-depth analysis of Nigeria’s richest individuals including government and former government officials. That is the only way they can arrive at an accurate assessment of Nigeria’s real richest individuals.

Lawrence Chinedu Nwobu (Email: ) reports.
*Photo Caption - Aliko Dangote

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reportsPart 1 - (Democracy & Good Governance, Onitsha Nigeria, 7th March 2015)-It is criminal borrowing when a State Government that ought not to borrow owing to availability and abundance of material and capital resources; borrows and becomes a serial borrower. It is also criminal borrowing when what has been borrowed is made incapable of repaying itself owing to its channelization into crooked, white-elephant and unproductive sectors (i.e. payment of government and civil service wage bills and diversion and misappropriation of public funds). Another form of criminal borrowing is where a State Government conceals and suppresses its actual borrowing financial sheets in a manner that breaches the law, misinforms and misleads the public.
On the other hand, governance deficiencies are obtainable where the fundamental essence of public governance (social services provision and delivery) is in shambles resulting in public accountability crisis, energy crisis, health crisis, food crisis, shelter crisis (including children of the street and children in the street), water & waste management crisis, environmental crisis, education crisis, infrastructure and maintenance crisis, public wage crisis, etc. Governance deficiencies are fundamentally driven by corruption and armchair policies and actions leading to inability, incapability and unwillingness to effect adequate non borrowing resources mobilization. Government is deficit when a State is left in deep financial crisis resulting in huge debts and diminishing capacity of the electorates to feel the presence and impact of the government.
From our recent study of the state of public governance in Nigeria’s six geopolitical zones and the Federal Capital Territory, criminal borrowings are common place in Nigeria’s three axis of wealth: Lagos State, the South-south or Oil Niger Delta and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). The referenced three axis of Nigeria’s wealth ought not to borrow to govern. Lagos State, for instance, is a N450B economy including N300B annual Internally Generated Revenues (IGRs) and over N100B annual federal allocations. The FCT is the contemporary capital of Nigeria with multi billion naira tax revenues annually. The Niger Delta or South-south zone, comprising six States of Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Edo and Cross River, is the country’s oil liquid cash capital and sole beneficiary of the country’s constitutional 13 per cent oil derivation proceeds with the States of Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa and Delta getting the lion’s share.
In spite of these huge revenue potentials and realizations, the referenced three axis of Nigeria’s wealth have borrowed and borrowed to the point that they have become criminal and serial borrowers. Today, Lagos State alone, has cumulatively borrowed at least N501.2B, out of total of N740B owed by the Southwest geopolitical zone. The South-south zone or Oil Niger Delta has total criminal loans of at least N717.9B, while the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is burdened with at least N91.3B teething loans. In other words, the referenced three axis of wealth in the country have total criminal debts of at least N1, 332.818 trillion or about $7B (based on N190.00 per USD).

This is out of the total sub-national debts of N2, 205 trillion or about $11B cumulatively owed by the whole 36 States and the FCT; comprising sub-national local and external debts as at 31st December 2013 and 31st December 2014 respectively (source: Debts Management Office, Nigeria 2015). The social wealth creation, distribution and spread in the referenced areas is found by our findings to be acutely uneven and lumped in the hands of privileged few including thieving current and past public office holders.
The other aspect of criminal borrowings, which has to do with concealment and suppression of the actual borrowing financial sheets with intent to breach the law and defraud, misinform and mislead the public was found to be common place in many States including some States of the Southeast zone. Out of the two sub-national debts categories (local and foreign) owed by the 36 States and the FCT; the referenced sharp practices are common place in local debts category. In other words, while the States and the FCT’s external debts’ records maintained by the Debts Management Office (DMO) are reasonably authentic, the reverse is the case in the area of local or internal debts’ records also maintained by the DMO. The Nigeria’s Debts Management Office (DMO) was created in October 2000 to centrally manage the country’s debts.
The authenticity of the sub-national external debts of the 36 States and the FCT is derived from the fact that the Federal Government of Nigeria serves as collateral for the States and the FCT seeking to borrow externally. But in the aspect of local debts, the processes and records appear to have been left in the hands of the affected States, their Houses of Assembly and the lending individuals and institutions. In transmitting the records of local debts to the Debts Management Office by the affected States, bargaining and persuasive methods are applied and this has extensively encouraged manipulations and suppression of records leading to the affected States local debts profiles being under-reported by the DMO. This is owing to the fact that there appears to be is no existing law of the Federation making it compelling and punitive for States to transmit the actual records under reference to the DMO. It only requires the integrity and openness of any of the affected State Governments to come clean with true picture of its local debts.
Unfortunately, integrity and openness is found to be the direct opposite of public policies and actions of most of the affected States. In Imo State, for instance, its local debts records at the DMO saying the State owes only N12.6B as local debts as at December 2013 is mostly likely fallacious, criminal and misleading. The State is independently accused of owing more than N60B. As a matter of fact, a former governor recently disclosed that the State was in cumulative (local and foreign) debts of over N100B. In the case of Abia State, its DMO’s quoted local debts of N31.7B as at December 2013 may most likely be untrue. The Orji Uzor Kalu’s former regime was once accused of incurring total debts of N29B. In Anambra State, the latest DMO records saying the State now owes N3.02B as local debts are likely misleading because in its early 2014 records, the State was credited with a total local debt of N6.2B. How possible is it for the State to repay N3.18B in six months of 2014?

On the other hand, the DMO’s records saying Anambra State’s external debt as at December 2014 was $45.1M; is not only convincing but also shows that the State borrowed $21M in the last six or seven months of 2014. The State’s external debts as at December 2013 were $24M. The total of N72.7B, which the DMO gave as total local debts of the Southeast as at December 2013, is acutely under-represented. The zone may be in actual local debts of over N220B in the period under review.
Similar criminal situations are common place in Ebonyi with N13.26B quoted by the DMO as its local debts; Enugu with N12.06B as its current local debts; and other States in South-south, Northeast, Northwest, North-central and Southwest geopolitical zones. The referenced ugly situations are compounded by the fact that the DMO has not updated the local debts records of the 36 States and the FCT for 2014 fiscal year.
Though the Debts Management Office has adjusted upwards the total local debts of the 36 States and the FCT from N1, 467 trillion in December 2013 to N1, 707 trillion in December 2014; showing that the referenced States and the FCT further incurred extra N239.5B in 2014 fiscal year, but this has not been included in its State-by-State breakdown posted on its official website. If this is added, the individual States’ local debts figures will be higher.
It is independently held that another N1 trillion hidden and criminal debts of local contents belonging to the 36 States may exist in the country’s six geopolitical zones. In the Southeast, at least N150B local debts may have been hidden with Imo and Abia States taking the lion’s share; followed by Enugu and Abia States. Anambra State’s hidden debts might have commenced in 2015 fiscal year. In the South-south, over N150B hidden debts may exist particularly in Rivers State, which officially owes N138.04B (both local and foreign). In the Southwest, over N200B hidden debts may exist particularly in Lagos State, which is already indebted officially to the tune of 501.2B (local and external). In the North-central, Northeast and Northwest zones another N500B States’ hidden debts may exist.
It is important to note that these internal debts of the States under reference do not include public and civil service wage debts, which worth hundreds of billions of naira across the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria. In Bauchi State alone, a whopping sum of N11B is owed the State’s retired workforce. Several months of salaries and allowances are owed active workforces in several States of the Federation.
Conversely, in the entitlements of top government appointees and elected officials including security votes and other sundry allowances; they are deducted, collected pocketed at source leading to criminal governance and governance deficiencies being common place in the affected geopolitical zones and States.
Emeka Umeagbalasi, B.Sc. (Hons) Criminology & Security Studies
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
+2348174090052; Email:,
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor, Esq., Head, Campaign & Publicity Department
Chiugo Onwuatuegwu, Esq., Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program
2015 Polls: How Criminal Borrowings Grounded Good Governance & Turned Nigeria’s Geopolitical Zones Into A Zoo Of Human Habitation
In the first part of this publication, dated 7th March 2015, Nigerians and watchers of the country’s socio-political events were led into the state of criminal borrowings and governance deficiencies in the country’s geopolitical zones leading to heavy defeat of the fundamental essence of public governance (social services provision and delivery) resulting in the country’s geopolitical zones being turned into a zoo of human habitation with the looters and their cronies making themselves hegemonic ruling animals over others.
This publication is generally intended by the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law to bring to the fore the fundamental determinants in the 2015 polls so as to open the eyes of the electorates and expose the ruination of democratic governance in Nigeria’s geopolitical zones by the present crop of politicians particularly the State Governors; for the grand purpose of guiding the electorates to make conscientious electoral choice during the referenced polls based on the state of social affairs in their States. It is also intended to demystify some un-repentant political crooks that use media and compromised CSOs to canonize themselves and their political puppets by purporting change or transformation.
The political crooks under reference, who continuously pontificate and canonize themselves; did not worth N5M cash and properties other than their ancestral houses before they became elective or appointive public office holders; but today, they own TV, Radio and Newspaper plazas and other multi billion naira properties within and outside Nigeria. These they illicitly acquired using monies they borrowed criminally using phony excuses and public projects. They buy over hitherto active and outspoken CSOs and lawyers and use them to undermine the course of justice administration for the purpose of escaping its wrath. They are majorly concentrated in the Southwest zone. Remnants are also found in the South-south zone.
Owing to recent grave allegations of criminal enrichment leveled against present and past top public office holders in the country, we have been prompted to investigate and expose the sorry state of finances of all the 36 States and the FCT particularly as it concerns criminal borrowings. The fundamental part of our findings is that the referenced huge loans were borrowed for the purposes of criminal diversion, misappropriation including legitimate and illegitimate public office entitlements and white elephant projects. In Lagos State, for instance, hundreds of millions of dollars were borrowed to resuscitate 268 public schools, but in Anambra State, over one thousand public and missionary schools were resuscitated under Mr. Peter Obi administration without borrowing a dime internally and externally.
We also discovered that most of the loans borrowed were not capable of repaying themselves; despite their spiral interest rates. The referenced loans were also dominated by stomach economic purposes. That is to say they were borrowed to offset public and civil service wage arrears as well as for the purpose of criminal diversions using phony projects or project simulations.
Skyrocketed cost of governance is a common place in most of the States, leading to serial borrowing of loans to defray them. We also found that monthly Security votes of the Governors constitute a chunk of high cost of governance.
In Anambra State, for instance, monthly security votes recorded spiral increases in 2014; from N420M a month (5B yearly) in March 2014 to N625M in April/May 2014; and to about N850M in the last quarter of 2014 or about N10B yearly. In Abia State, around N10B is spent annually on security votes. Similar situations apply in other States across the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria. The reported N10B annual security votes of Anambra State alone constitute about 20% of the State’s annual block federal allocations.
In all, the States of Lagos, Ogun, Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Kano, Kaduna, Anambra, the FCT and to an extent; Abia, Imo and Borno, ought not to borrow a dime for the purpose of public governance. This is because of their bountiful internally generated revenue and oil proceeds’ potentials and realizations. Also resorting to serial borrowings is a barefaced indication of deficit integrity of the governing authorities in the affected States; making it impossible for them to source for social development funds externally through development partners and donor agencies. The Obi’s administration in Anambra State, for instance, is one of the very few States that successfully applied non loan massive external resources mobilization policy.
Geopolitical/State-By-State Breakdown Of Sub-national Local & External Debts:
Southwest Zone:
External Debts Local Debts Total In Naira
Lagos-$1, 169.7B (N222.36B) N278.86B N501.22B
Ogun-$109.1M (N20.1B) N58.38B N78.48B
Oyo-$72.3M (N13.6B) N19.1B N32.7B
Osun-$74.1M (N14.6B) N41.4B N56B
Ondo-$52.6M (N9.9B) N30.88B N40.78B
Ekiti-$46.4M (N8.7B) N22.37B N31.07B
Total=$1, 522.2B (N289.2B) N451.01B N740.26B
(Note: In calculating the States referenced external sub-national debts, N190.00 per USD exchange was used)

South-south Zone:
External Debts Local Debts Total In Naira
Rivers-$44.7M (N8.5B) N129.54B N138.04B
A.Ibom-$58.8M (N11.2B) N125.03B N136.23B
C. River-$141.4M (N26.7B) N116.06B N142.76B
Bayelsa-&34.8M (N6.6B) N122.8 (est.) N128.4B
Delta-$24.2M (N4.5B) N102.1B N106.6B
Edo-$123.1M (N23.7B) N48.19B N71.89B
Total=$427.0M (N81.2B) N527.93B N717.95B
(Note: In calculating the States referenced external sub-national debts, N190.00 per USD exchange was used)
Southeast Zone:
External Debts Internal Debts Total In Naira
Anambra-$45.1M (N8.5B) N3.025B N11.525B
Abia-$33.7M (N6.3B) N31.73B N38.03B
Imo-$53.0M (N10.7B) N12.66B N23.36B
Enugu-$68.9M (N13.1B) N12.06B N25.16B
Ebonyi-$45.4M (N8.6B) N13.23B N21.83
Total=$246.1M (N47.5B) N72.72B N116.92B
(Note: In calculating the States referenced external sub-national debts, N190.00 per USD exchange was used)
Northwest Zone:
External Debts Internal Debts Total In Naira
Kaduna-$234.4M (N44.6B) N9.83B N54.43B
Kano-$57.9M (N11.3B) N32.20B N43.50B
Katsina-$78.9M (N14.8B) N269M N15.60B
Jigawa-$35.7M (N6.80B) N1.61B N8.41B
Kebbi-$43.7M (N8.3B) N857M N9.15B
Sokoto-$44.8M (N8.5B) N5.73B N14.23B
Zamfara-$33.5M (N6.6B) N28.21B N34.81B
Total=$532.7M (N100.9B) N78.72B N180.16B
(Note: In calculating the States referenced external sub-national debts, N190.00 per USD exchange was used)
Northeast Zone:
External Debts Internal Debts Total In Naira
Borno-$23.0M (N4.4B) N23.94B N28.34B
Adamawa-$46.7M (N9.0B) N15.97B N24.97B
Taraba-$22.7M (N4.3B) N13.88B N18.18B
Bauchi-$87.5M (N16.5B) N16.82B N33.32B
Gombe-$39.5M (N7.5B) N27.99B N35.49B
Yobe-$31.2M (N5.9B) N1.22B N7.022B
Total=$250.6M (N47.5B) N99.74B N147.32B
(Note: In calculating the States referenced external sub-national debts, N190.00 per USD exchange was used)
North-Central Zone:
External Debts Internal Debts Total In Naira
Kwara-$52.7M (N10.5B) N22.41B N32.91B
Nasarawa-$49.9M (N9.4B) N28.84B N38.24B
Niger-$44.7M (N8.5B) N24.73B N33.23B
Kogi-$35.7M (N6.9B) N7.10B N14.009B
Plateau-$30.9M (N5.9B) N56.41B N62.31B
Benue-$33M (N6.3B) N24.98B N31.28B
Total=$246.9M (N47.0B) N160.05B N212.007B
(Note: In calculating the States referenced external sub-national debts, N190.00 per USD exchange was used)
Federal Capital Territory (FCT):
External Debts=$36.6M (N7B), Internal Debts= N84.32B
Total In Naira=N91.32B
Summarized Findings:

  1. Total States Sub-national External Debts for South= $2, 195B (N417.6B)
  2. Total States Sub-national External Debts for North including the FCT=$1,066B (N202B)
  3. Total States Sub-national External Debts for the country=$3, 265B
  4. Total States Sub-national Local Debts for the South=N1, 044 trillion
  5. Total States Sub-national Local Debts for the North including the FCT=N423.3B
  6. Total States Sub-national Local Debts for the country=N1, 467.9 trillion
  7. Total States Sub-national Local Debts updated by DMO covering 2014 but yet to be added on State-by-State basis=N1, 707 trillion
  8. Total States Sub-national Local Debts borrowed in 2014 fiscal year captured by the DMO=N239.5B
  9. Total States Sub-national Local and External Debts for the South=N1, 575 trillion
  10. Total States Sub-national Local and External Debts for the North including the FCT=N630.82B
  11. Grand Total of the States and the FCT’s Local and External Debts in Naira= N2, 205. 9 trillion
  12. Lagos State is the most indebted State in Nigeria owing more than Northwest and North-central zones put together
  13. The Southwest is the most indebted Zone in Nigeria with N740. 26B, followed by the South-south Zone with N717.95B.

Source: Debts Management Office (DMO) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 2015
Observation: It is observed that the DMO records in the area of the States sub-national local debts did not include the 2014 fiscal year or monies borrowed locally by the 36 States and the FCT in 2014 fiscal year. That is to say that the DMO’s last update as represented above is that of December 31st 2013. But in the area of the States sub-national external debts, the DMO’s update covers that of the 2014 fiscal year.
Also while the DMO’s records as per the States’ external debts are reasonably authentic, the contrary is reasonably the case in the area of the States’ internal debts. Records transmitted to the DMO by the affected States have been found to be likely dubious and manipulated. It is likely there are hundreds of billions of naira worth of hidden and criminal borrowings across several States in the country’s six geopolitical zones.


Emeka Umeagbalasi, B.Sc. (Hons) Criminology & Security Studies
Board Chairman, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
+2348174090052; Email:,
Uzochukwu Oguejiofor, Esq., Head, Campaign & Publicity Department
Chiugo Onwuatuegwu, Esq., Head, Democracy & Good Governance Program