Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Willy Ezugwu reports ] - After its consultative meeting with representatives of civil society groups drawn from the six geo-political zones of the country in Abuja on Tuesday, the Conference of Nigeria Political Parties (CNPP) has issued a 14-day ultimatum to the Federal Government to order all its officials named in the scandalous reinstatement of fugitive former Chairman of Pension Reform Task Team, Abdulrasheed Maina to the federal civil service to immediately step aside for proper probe of their involvement in the saga.
 
The Conference also called for a public enquiry into the scandal to unravel the truth behind the controversial return and reinstatement of the former pension taskforce boss.
 
According to a statement by the Secretary General of the CNPP, Chief Willy Ezugwu, "there are too many stories, questions, twists and names in the controversial recall game that it is impossible for any Nigerian to understand the focus of the President Muhammadu Buhari’s anti-corruption war.
 
"For us, the reinstatement of fugitive Abdulrasheed Maina to the Nigerian civil service, the naming of the alleged masterminded of the reinstatement as Attorney General of the Federation (AGF), Abubakar Malami, and the Minister of Interior, Abdulrahman Dambazau, the involvement of the Head of Civil Service of the Federation and the Federal Civil Service Commission, the Maina’s clandestine return to Nigeria despite being on an international wanted list and the alleged revelations made by the AGF at the on-going secret probe by the Senate ad-hoc committee, have left every sane Nigerian thinking.
 
"The AGF was said to had confessed to the Senators that indeed Maina approached him for a meeting when he was in Abu Dhabi as part of the entourage of President Muhammadu Buhari’s official visit to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in January last 2016 but before granting him audience, he sought security clearance from the Director General of the Department of State Services (DSS) Lawal Musa Daura who allegedly gave him the nod on the condition that the Minister must attend the meeting along with a witness.
 
"The President, we learnt, was also accompanied on that trip by the National Security Adviser (NSA), Babagana Monguno; Ministers of Finance, Kemi Adeosun; Foreign Affairs, Geoffrey Onyeama; Trade and Investment, Okechukwu Enelamah; Environment, Aisha Mohammed, who is now deputy Secretary General at the UN; State Minister Petroleum, Ibe Kachukwu and that of Power, Works, and Housing, Babatunde Raji Fashola.
 
"With all these names, there is now the urgent need for clarity on the part of the executive in view of the confusion associated with its much touted anti-corruption war.
 
"Every day of the President Buhari administration, Nigerians and the international community get more and more confused about the anti-corruption direction of the government.
 
"Therefore, for clarity and a proof that the war is not a vendetta and a mere political slogan to win the simple, all the persons involved the MainaGate must immediately step aside and an independent public probe instituted by the federal government to clear the doubts currently gathering in the air.
 
"This must be done within 14 days if Mr. President is truly on anti-corruption war to sanitise the Nigerian political system for generations unborn to enjoy a Nigeria of our dream or the CNPP and its allies in the civil society will be forced to take a legitimate but drastic measures to save Nigeria", the CNPP demanded.
 
The statement added that "President Buhari needs to decisively act as the of head the executive arm of government as the Maina’s return and reinstatement became an international matter the day the INTERPOL got involved in the manhunt for the fugitive Maina.
 
"Today, Nigeria and her anti-corruption disposition have turned into a caricature among the comity of nations. Therefore, there is need to rise up and save the country.
 
"At the end of 14 days and the above mention officials and those yet to be identified were not ordered to step aside by President Muhammadu Buhari, we may be forced to rise to the demands of the occasion, include picketing of the Ministry of Justice and the Office of the Civil Service of the Federation, Ministry of Interior and other ministries and agencies of government named in the Maina controversy.
 
It shall be recalled that Maina was first placed on the international wanted list after he was accused of over N2billion pension fraud.
 
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) had enlisted the International Police (INTERPOL) to arrest him but he dramatically showed up in the country and was last month reinstated as acting director in the Ministry of Interior.
 
On April 27, Mr. Malami wrote the Federal Civil Service Commission (FCSC) requesting it to "give consequential effect to the judgement that voided the warrant of arrest issued against A.A. Maina which formed the basis for the query and his eventual dismissal," Mustapha Sulaiman, the chairman of the FCSC said.
 
According to Mr. Sulaiman, the attorney general in his letter with reference HAGF/FCSC/2017/VOL.1/3 requested Maina’s reinstatement based on a supposed court order voiding his arrest warrant.
 
Willy Ezugwu ( Email: willy.ezugwu@gmail.com ) reports.
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - President Muhammadu Buhari says Nigeria must focus on rooting out hate as well as misrepresentation of religion and violence.
 
He said this at the Presidential Villa in Abuja today while launching the Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism.
 
`We must now while working together focus in rooting out hate, misrepresentation of religion and violence in our society," the president said.
 
Buhari called on state and local governments to develop action plans for preventing and countering violent extremism at the grassroots.
 
He said he had directed all ministries, departments and agencies to institutionalise mainstream measures to address the root causes of violent extremism while implementing programmes that build the resilience of Nigerians to recover from the consequences of violence.
 
Details later........
 
 
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari
 

 
[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. David Leffler reports ] - Here is a foolproof, simple, and most expedient method for achieving peace and stability in Nigeria. During these dangerous times, terrorism could quickly end if Nigeria's military were trained to form what is known in Latin American military circles as a Prevention Wing of the Military. This military unit would be comprised of *Invincible Defense Technology (IDT) experts. The purpose of this IDT group would be to practice the non-religious Transcendental Meditation® (TM) and the advanced TM-Sidhi® program in a group twice a day.
 
TM comes from the ancient Vedic tradition of India. The late Maharishi Mahesh Yogi brought out the TM technique in 1956. Maharishi predicted that if 1% of a population practiced the TM program, peace and harmony would increase throughout society. Additionally, he anticipated the same result if the square root of 1% of a population practiced the advanced TM-Sidhi program in groups twice daily. Scientists call the increased societal coherence that results from practice of the TM and TM-Sidhi program "the Maharishi Effect." These predicted results, summarized below, have been seen repeatedly in published, reputable refereed journals such as The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Social Indicators Research, Journal of Crime and Justice, Journal of Mind and Behavior and International Journal of Neuroscience. Much of this research is reviewed in a paper written by the author, published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Management & Social Science (JMSS) (Fall 2009, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 153-162), called "A New Role for the Military: Preventing Enemies from Arising -- Reviving an Ancient Approach to Peace." (Available online at: http://davidleffler.com/preventing-enemies.html)
 
The extensive peer-reviewed research and military field-tests worldwide show that proper application of these specific programs bring about measurable decreases in crime, terrorism and war, and improvements in quality of life, which are thought to be tangible signs of the reduction of societal stress. These changes are measurable from such statistics as reduced terrorism and conflict, crime rates, accidents, hospital admissions and infant mortality.
 
In highly stressed areas of the globe, establishment of large groups of IDT experts have also increased economic incentives and growth of prosperity. Entrepreneurship and creativity increase as well. Also, on a global scale when large groups of civilian experts gathered from 1983 to 1985, terrorism-related casualties decreased 72 per cent and international conflict decreased 32 per cent. Moreover, such positive changes in social trends take place within a few days or weeks after IDT is introduced.
 
The IDT approach has been used during wartime, resulting in reduction of fighting, reduced war deaths and casualties, and improved progress toward resolving the conflict through peaceful means. IDT is totally unlike any other defense technology in that it does not use violence in an attempt to quell violence.
 
It is the high collective stress levels in Nigeria that ultimately fuel terrorism and war. If dangerous levels of collective stress and frustration are reduced by applying IDT, then Nigera’s governmental leaders and citizens will be more capable of finding constructive and orderly solutions to the unresolved issues plaguing the nation.
 
With greater civic calm, citizens’ aspirations will rise and a more productive and balanced society will emerge. Then violence as a means for change and/or as an expression of discontent will naturally subside.
 
The powerful brain-based, human-resource Invincible Defense Technology is aptly named. The word invincible means incapable of being defeated, unconquerable. Defense means to defend and to protect. Technology is applied scientific knowledge. The goal of IDT is to prevent enemies from arising. The military that properly applies it can ultimately obtain victory before war. Once this goal is achieved, the military becomes invincible because there are no enemies to fight. No enemies means no war or terrorism and full security, as well as a happy, productive and normal life for everyone.
 
For these reasons, the IDT approach is advocated by the Global Union of Scientists for Peace (GUSP). This non-profit organization hosted an international conference in Kiev, Ukraine (see: https://www.gusp.org/global-peace-summit/). Renowned Ukrainian leaders Lt. General (Ret.) Vasyl Krutov, former chief of the Ukraine Anti-Terrorism Center, as well as Academician Dr. Sergiy Maksymenko, a distinguished Ukrainian research scientist, are among the impressive list of participants who spoke at or voiced their support for the conference. Others included President Joachim Chissano of Mozambique, who applied innovative IDT programs to end that nation’s civil war; retired Ecuadorian Lt. General José Villamil, who also applied IDT to end war between Ecuador and Peru; and Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, former chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), winner of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.
 
IDT is a way for the military of Nigeria to prevent conflict and terrorism by deploying a proven, simple, human resource-based approach, with minimal training and costs needed to implement it. The primary costs would be for training personnel in the IDT techniques. The entire training and implementation would cost about as much as one modern fighter jet.

Recent events show that IDT is desperately needed. There is truly no other solution. Nigerian leaders would be wise to read the proceedings of the GUSP conference and learn how best to rapidly establish perpetual peace.

_________________

 
*Invincible Defense Technology is a brain-based technology which utilizes the Unified Field. For a detailed explanation, see the online video and transcript titled: "An Important Message for All Military Leaders from the Executive Director of the International Center for Invincible Defense," by Harvard-trained quantum physicist Dr. John Hagelin (both available at: http://www.istpp.org/military_science/Hagelin_military_lecture.html).
About the author:
Dr. David Leffler has a Ph.D. in Consciousness-Based Military Defense and served as an Associate of the Proteus Management Group at the Center for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College. Currently, he serves as the Executive Director at the Center for Advanced Military Science (http://www.strongmilitary.org) and lectures and writes worldwide about IDT.
 

*Photo Caption - Dr. David Leffler
 

 
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - President Muhammadu Buhari has vowed that his administration will not allow embezzlement and diversion of recovered assets to private pockets.

 
Buhari spoke at the Presidential Villa in Abuja this morning while inaugurating the audit committee on recovered assets by federal government agencies.
 
President Buhari said all recovered assets must be accounted for.
 
He asked all the ministries, departments and agencies as well as corporate bodies to give the committee necessary support.
 
The president gave the committee four weeks to carrynout its assignment.
 

*Photo Caption
 
- President Muhammadu Buhari

[ Masterweb Reports ] - New York, November 24, 2017 - CHI STEM TOYS Inc., is a 501c3 non-profit organization, founded by Rev. Dr. Nkechi Agwu, Bishop Dr. Ebony Kirkland and Mr. Ngozichukwuka Agwu, geared towards teaching children and youth how to create their own toys from recycled materials and available resources, in the process learning concepts in Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM) and facilitating entrepreneurship, leadership and communication skills. It held a STEAM workshop and its inaugural ceremony on Tuesday, November 21, 2017, from 5-7pm at New Covenant Christian School (NCCS), 1497 Needham Avenue, Bronx, NY 10469; attendance was huge with people from all walks of life gracing the occasion. http://www.24-7pressrelease.com/press-release/dr-nkechi-agwu-recognized-by-marquis-whos-who-for-excellence-in-mathematics-436650.php The other founders of CHI STEM TOYS Inc. - Bishop Dr. Ebony Kirkland is the President of Ebony Marketing Systems, President of Bronx Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, President of WASC and Chief Prelate of Church of the Living God. Mr. Ngozichukwuka Agwu is a freshman undergraduate communications major at University of Albany, State University of New York. http://amsterdamnews.com/news/2016/sep/22/stem-program-focuses-mathematical-storytelling/ The keynote presentation "Developing Hue Cryptography" was given by the 2017 CHI STEM TOYS inc. Honoree, Mr. Micheal Villalona. Mr. Villalona is a former discrete mathematics student and research intern of Dr. Agwu at BMCC, CUNY, who expanded upon the work done in this class to develop a Hue cipher.
 
 
CHI STEM TOYS Inc. is collaborating with World-wide Association of Small Churches (WASC), Black Women for Black Girls Giving Circle, Nigerian Women in Agricultural Research for Development (NiWARD), Pan-African Strategic and Policy Research Group (PANAFSTRAG), National Mathematics Center (NMC), Pa. J. U. Agwu International Conference & Media Center (PJUAICMC), Drammeh Center and New Covenant Christian School, to promote STEAM education world-wide. In partnership with WASC & PJUAICMC, it has adopted schools in Africa to engage children in toy development. It is partnering with NiWARD to develop mathematical stories of some prominent members of NiWARD, with PANAFSTRAG in STEAM teacher professional development in Nigeria, and with NMC & NCCS to develop a STEAM & entrepreneurship curriculum.
 
 
CHI STEM TOYS Inc. was birthed out of the educational research and curriculum development activities of Dr. Agwu, a Carnegie Fellow and Ethno-mathematician, a Professor of Mathematics and former Director of the Center for Excellence in Teaching, Learning and Scholarship at the Borough of Manhattan Community College (BMCC), City University of New York (CUNY) and the author of "God's Own: The Genesis of Mathematical Story-telling" ISBN 9781522854838. For more information about the renowned educational activities of Dr. Agwu and CHI STEM TOYS Inc., please review the 04/05/17 Marquis Who's Who press release at:
 
 
The STEAM workshop kicked off from 5-6pm with the meet and greet session and the inaugural ceremony from 6-7pm. At the STEAM workshop, Dr. Agwu demonstrated with a few students and teachers of New Covenant Christian School an activity of CHI STEM TOYS Inc. in toy creation given in her book, "God's Own: The Genesis of Mathematical Story-telling" and some of the associated STEAM concepts. This particular mathematical story-telling activity has been demonstrated in various k-16 educational settings, informal enrichment programs, and teacher/parent professional development programs, nationally and internationally. It was front page news in the September 22, 2016, Amsterdam News, which can be reviewed at:
 
 
CHI STEM TOYS Inc. is unique in its innovative and creative approach to teaching children and youth to learn STEM concepts from a business entrepreneurship toy building model that ties into their cultural heritage, recycling of waste materials, and that uses mathematical story-telling to make visible the work and lives of rural and/or successful women in STEM, expanding upon the Carnegie Project of Dr. Agwu, "Culture and Women's Stories: A Framework for Capacity Building in STEM Related Fields." We extend our gratitude to all that attended our STEAM workshop and inaugural ceremony. Thank you.
 
 
 

 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Awardees in a photo session

SEND MEDIA INQUIRIES TO: njadagwu@gmail.com and admin@nigeriamasterweb.com



 

[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - The Federal Government has obtained a list of 500 Nigerians with property and trusts abroad to determine their tax compliance status at home. The Minister of Finance, Mrs Kemi Adeosun, said this in her presentation to the National Economic Council yesterday.

 

She said those concerned could take advantage of the Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme (VAIDS) to settle past taxation defaults.
 
The minister stated that those affected a prominent Nigerians, noting that letters would soon be sent to them.
 
Adeosun asked them to take advantage of the tax amnesty in order to avoid prosecution and fines by simply paying up their tax defaults.
 
According to the minister, the amnesty is available till March next year.
 
*Photo Caption - As seen.

 

 

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Atiku Abubakar, former Nigeria Vice President today in a press statement said he was dumping All Progressives Party (APC) for People's Democratic Party (PDP).
 
Below is Atiku's statement in full
 
On the 19th of December, 2013, I received members of the All Progressives Congress at my house in Abuja. They had come to appeal to me to join their party after my party, the Peoples Democratic Party, had become factionalized as a result of the special convention of August 31, 2013.
 
The fractionalization of the Peoples Democratic Party on August 31, 2013 had left me in a situation where I was, with several other loyal party members, in limbo, not knowing which of the parallel executives of the party was the legitimate leadership.
 
It was under this cloud that members of the APC made the appeal to me to join their party, with the promise that the injustices and failure to abide by its own constitution which had dogged the then PDP, would not be replicated in the APC and with the assurance that the vision other founding fathers and I had for the PDP could be actualized through the All Progressives Congress.
 
It was on the basis of this invitation and the assurances made to me that I, being party-less at that time, due to the fractionalization of my party, accepted on February 2, 2014, the hand of fellowship given to me by the All Progressives Congress.
 
On that day, I said "it is the struggle for democracy and constitutionalism and service to my country and my people that are driving my choice and my decision" to accept the invitation to join the All Progressives Congress.
 
Like you, I said that because I believed that we had finally seen the beginnings of the rebirth of the new Nigeria of our dreams which would work for all of us, old and young.
 
However, events of the intervening years have shown that like any other human and like many other Nigerians, I was fallible.
 
While other parties have purged themselves of the arbitrariness and unconstitutionality that led to fractionalization, the All Progressives Congress has adopted those same practices and even gone beyond them to institute a regime of a draconian clampdown on all forms of democracy within the party and the government it produced.
 
Only last year, a governor produced by the party wrote a secret memorandum to the president which ended up being leaked. In that memo, he admitted that the All Progressives Congress had "not only failed to manage expectations of a populace that expected overnight ‘change’ but has failed to deliver even mundane matters of governance".
 
Of the party itself, that same governor said "Mr. President, Sir Your relationship with the national leadership of the party, both the formal (NWC) and informal (Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Atiku Abubakar, Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso), and former Governors of ANPP, PDP (that joined us) and ACN, is perceived by most observers to be at best frosty. Many of them are aggrieved due to what they consider total absence of consultations with them on your part and those you have assigned such duties."
 
Since that memorandum was written up until today, nothing has been done to reverse the treatment meted out to those of us invited to join the All Progressives Congress on the strength of a promise that has proven to be false. If anything, those behaviours have actually worsened.
 
But more importantly, the party we put in place has failed and continues to fail our people, especially our young people. How can we have a federal cabinet without even one single youth.
 
A party that does not take the youth into account is a dying party. The future belongs to young people.
 
I admit that I and others who accepted the invitation to join the APC were eager to make positive changes for our country that we fell for a mirage. Can you blame us for wanting to put a speedy end to the sufferings of the masses of our people?
 
Be that as it may be, after due consultation with my God, my family, my supporters and the Nigerian people whom I meet in all walks of life, I, Atiku Abubakar, Waziri Adamawa, hereby tender my resignation from the All Progressives Congress while I take time to ponder my future.
 
May God bless you and may God bless Nigeria.
 

*Photo Caption - Atiku Abubakar
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - President Muhammadu Buhari yesterday inaugurated the Audit Committee on Recovery and Management of Stolen Assets within and outside the country.
 
Members of the committee are, Olufemi Jinadu, Chinyere Bibiogha and Mohammad Nami.
 
Buhari said his administration embarked on tracing and recovery of all stolen assets within and outside Nigeria using legal and diplomatic resources at its disposal.
 
He said the gains of his administration’s initiatives over the past two and a half years had been obvious as evident in the level of investigation, prosecution and forfeitures involving both public and private sector officials in the country.
 
Buhari said the message had therefore been passed loud and clear that "Never again as a nation are we going to allow the wanton diversion and embezzlement of public funds to private pockets."
 
He said Nigerians would further recall that pursuant to requisite directives, recovered assets were progressively being returned to designated accounts by the anti-graft agencies and other agencies of government involved with the process.
 
"In the course of implementing this exercise and given the number of agencies who are concurrently pursuing specialized initiatives and making recoveries for government, it has become obvious that fundamental gaps still exist in ensuring that the recovered assets are accounted for, and managed in an accurate, transparent and logical manner," he said.
 
The President explained that it was in realization of this that he directed, earlier in the year, that all agencies should send in detailed reports of all their recovered assets as at March 2017.
 
He said the decision to inaugurate the audit committee was therefore the next step in ensuring that all returns filed by the various agencies were accurate and consistent with actual recoveries made. He said the committee was therefore expected to judiciously undertake an audit of all recovery accounts established by government agencies from the date of opening such accounts up to 10th April, 2017.
 
The president said he looked forward to receiving the committee’s report and recommendations in due course, wishing them the best of luck in their assignment.
 
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari
 

[ Masterweb Reports: Emma Elekwa reports ] - The Anambra State governor, Chief Willie Obiano has raised alarm over the sudden withdrawal of his security details, saying such action has exposed his life to danger.
 
Obiano who stated this on Tuesday in Awka during an election stakeholders meeting organised by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), described the act as unacceptable and a dangerous signal on what was to happen ahead of the governorship election.
 
He demanded for the immediate return of the security details in order not to constitute further threats capable of overheating the polity.
 
"I want my security details returned immediately because I am going to start a fight from there. I am the governor of Anambra state and all the paraphernalia of my office must be there.
 
"This is unacceptable and a sign of what will happen. Those behind this would be dissapointed because we are very ready for the election," he insisted.
 
According to the governor, he had wanted to speak with the Inspector General of police who was scheduled to be at the occasion, but said he had to voice it out in the event since he was not aware when he would come.
 
The governor had earlier complained of having not been accorded recognition by the moderator when he worked in, despite several insistence.
 
But reacting, the National Chairman of INEC, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, said the event was a stakeholders' meeting, and as such no candidate would be accorded any special treatment regardless of his position.
 
He said the commission insists on equal treatment of all candidates in the election and should not only have equal standing, but must be respected.
 
The Inspector General of police, Idris Mohammed was yet to arrive at the Dora Akunyili Women Development Centre, venue for the event while filling this report.
 
*Photo Caption - Governor Willie Obiano

[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - President Muhammadu Buhari on Monday decried that the state of education in the country "calls for a serious concern." He listed the effects of decades of neglect suffered by the sector as including an estimated 13.2 million children out of school, high illiteracy level, infrastructural deficit and decay as well as unqualified teachers and inadequate instructional materials.
 
President Buhari was speaking at the Old Banquet Hall of the Aso Rock Presidential Villa in Abuja at a special retreat of the Federal Executive Council themed: "Education in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects."
 
According to him, it is no longer a secret that the quality of education in Nigeria requires greater attention and improvement, and that the fact that the nation is facing numerous challenges in education and all other sectors as a result of historical abuses, mindless impunity and corruption is not news to anyone.
 
The president declared that Nigeria must get her education sector right, noting that the nation cannot progress beyond the level and standard of its education.
 
He maintained that no nation can achieve economic, social, political and cultural prosperity without a sound and functional education system, emphasising that: "We must get it right in this country. To get it right means setting our education sector on the right path."
 
The president said Nigerians should also "bear in mind that the security and stability of the country hinges, to a large extent, on its ability to provide functional education to its citizens."
 
He said his administration was determined to turn around the sector for the better, stating that "We are already making appreciable progress in this respect."
 
He said while there were numerous other competing demands and responsibilities from different sectors of the economy, his government was committed to confronting and tackling the challenges in the education sector. "This will be part of our deliberate policy of revitalizing education provisioning and capacity building."
 
The president said: "Today, it is those who acquire the most qualitative education, equipped with requisite skills and training, and empowered with practical knowhow that are leading the rest. We cannot afford to continue lagging behind. Education is our launch-pad to a more successful, more productive and more prosperous future.
 
"One of the primary roles of education is to build and sustain individual and society’s development. It renews and improves the economic, social, political and cultural aspects of any nation. Education upgrades the living standard of citizens and enables people to become better and more productive citizens. It is a human right that creates a safe, healthy and prosperous society. It changes the visions and perspectives of individuals, enhances critical decisions and improves democracy. Indeed education is paramount and necessary requirement for all-round development.
 
"Nigeria’s participation in all relevant international education fora together with our investment in education and collaboration with development partners is an indication of high level of commitment towards ensuring that every capable Nigerian receives good quality education. These efforts are justifiable only to the extent that schooling is effective in promoting the realization of national objectives, attaining the Sustainable Development Goals and Education For All by 2030.These targets are, happily, in harmony with the manifesto and the CHANGE agenda of our Party, the All Progressive Congress. It is also in agreement with my campaign promises during the 2015 elections exercise and in pursuit of the yearnings and aspirations of the generality of Nigerian citizens."
 
The president said the summit must sharpen government's strategies for addressing the challenges of basic and secondary education, teacher training and professional development as well as technical and vocational education.
 
He said the summit must also work to enhance quality in, and access to, higher education and other challenges in the sector that could debar Nigeria from attaining the SDGs and be among the top 20 economies in the world.
 
He said he expected that after the summit, the government would come up with feasible, implementable and far-reaching action plans for the ministerial strategic plan that would make education play the pivotal role as the engine that drives national prosperity and development.
 
In a reference to the ongoing primary school reforms in Kaduna State, President Buhari described a situation where those engaged for teaching could not pass their own examinations as very serious and tragic.
 
Kaduna State Governor Nasir El-rufai had in October announced plans to sack about 22,000 primary school teachers who failed a competency test.
 
Buhari stated: "To digress a little bit so that you know that I meant what I read, having been an orphan, I still feel that whatever I did in life so far was built by boarding schools. For nine years, I was in boarding school, three in primary and six in secondary school.
 
"In those days, teachers treat their students or children like their own children. If you did well, they would tell you (that) you did well; if you didn't do well, they never spared the rod. When I finished my secondary school, I didn’t work for a day, I refused to work for a day, I left home, I refused to work in the local government, and then I joined the army. And the army of that time, we went through all we went through upto the civil war.
 
"And then, I listened to one of the Nigerians I respect, he said after his training here in Nigeria and the United States, he went to his alma mater, his primary school, to see what he could contribute. I won’t mention his name, but when he went, he couldn’t differentiate between the students, the children and the teachers.
 
"And what el-rufai is trying to do now is exactly what that man told me about 10 years ago. It is a very very serious situation when teachers cannot pass their exams that they are supposed to teach the children to pass. It is a very tragic situation we are in and this our gathering together, to me, is one of the most important in this administration."
 
Earlier, Education Minister Adamu Adamu suggested ways of eliminating mediocrity in the sector, saying "If we give regulatory agencies the teeth to bite and do their work, mediocre teachers will soon disappear from our classrooms. If we insist on professionalism with appropriate deadlines set for those who teach, the situation will improve phenomenally."
 
He said Nigeria's education system would improve if automatic scholarship is offered to students who take education as well as automatic employment and preferential compensation package to those who take to teaching as a profession.
 
The minister stressed the need to harmonize the learning and teaching in tertiary institutions as well as redefine national goals periodically.
 
Adamu, who urged improved funding for the sector, Said it would take Buhari's administration N1trillion annually for the next four years to fulfill its 13 campaign promises on education.
 
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari